If you ignore the rules of keeping and feeding the thimpany of the rumen in a cow, it is not something unexpected. It often appears in the spring-summer period, when animals are kept on pastures all day. The disease is chronic and acute. The pathology is non-infectious, characterized by increased gas formation and scar inflation. In the absence of adequate treatment, it can result in the death of livestock. At 2-3 months of age, periodic chimpania of the young are often observed. The disease manifests itself in the transition from dairy food to the usual diet.
Causes of pathology
Acute scarring of the scar occurs while eating excessive amounts of lightly fermenting food. Cows should not be given a lot of beets, cabbage, and corn leaves. It is important to ensure that cattle do not feed on spoiled waste. Banned feed, bagasse, bard. Otherwise, do not avoid bloating and medical history at the vet.
A large number of cases of tympania scar in calves and adult cows occurs when animals graze uncontrollably on pasture after a rainstorm. The reason is the lack of regular feeding, lack of juicy food, monotonous diet, lack of grazing.
It is important to carefully enter the grass and roots in the diet of young. Due to improper feeding, the development of fermentation processes is disturbed. The calf still does not know how to regurgitate, and his motility is not settled. A lot of feed is trapped in the rumen and gases are accumulated. They do not go out and are mixed with food. The result is a mechanical stretch of the scar.
How is the diagnosis made?
Timpania in cows, the veterinarian determines on the basis of history. The history of the disease usually includes clinical signs and information about eating lightly fermented foods. The specialist focuses on the maintenance of animals, their age, diet.
When a frothy timpania develops after eating wet grass, it is harder to diagnose. Symptoms develop much more slowly than in normal form. During the grazing period, it is necessary to carefully monitor the behavior of livestock in order to diagnose the disease as early as possible and to have a history of the disease.
It is important not to confuse tympania in cattle with other diseases that have similar symptoms. For example:
- obstruction of the esophagus;
- scar overflow.
Chronic timpani is often a comorbid disease in other pathologies observed in cows.
Symptoms of acute and chronic forms
In the case of an acute form of the disease in calves or adult cattle, associated symptoms are recorded in the history of the disease. Among them:
- rejection of feed;
- rapid breathing;
- a rapid increase in the size of the left abdomen;
- the scar becomes hard.
A cow often looks back at her belly, her bowel movements become more frequent (discharge of feces). After some time, intestinal motility stops, the stool becomes very small, and then it completely stops separating. The cattle staggers when moving, it gets a strong drooling. Suffering animals begin to moan, constantly moving from one limb to another. If you do not start treatment, the cattle may die after 3 hours.
The chronic form of the disease appears on the background of the atony of the anvillons, the compression of the vagus nerve. It lasts up to 2 months and is characterized by moderate bloating of the scar, anorexia of appetite, and impaired ruminant function. In the absence of therapy, the animal also dies.
First aid in case of illness
When tympania need to immediately begin treatment. To begin with, release the scar from the accumulated gases and prevent their re-formation. Often the veterinarian begins with simple measures: the establishment of a cow in a pond, hosed up, climb the mountain.
When the animal rises up the elevation, the pressure on the diaphragm decreases. As a result, the scar opening in the food can free itself from the feed mass that has blocked it.
The veterinarian inserts a special hose into the scar and places the cow in such a way that the front of its head is higher than the hind limbs. The result will be better if you pull the hose towards you. The end of the device will stand near the cardiac part of the esophagus. Just in that place where gases accumulate. During the procedure, the switch must be moved back and forth. To cause belching in a calf, you need to put in his mouth a stick or rope, rolled up with gauze, which must be moistened with kerosene.
Medicines will help restore ruminant function, defecation, reduce fermentation and intensify the work of the digestive tract. For these purposes, animals are given 2 liters of milk mixed with burnt magnesia and vegetable charcoal (20 g each).
A liter of an aqueous solution of ichthyol (2%) or 50 ml of kerosene mixed with pure water will also help to cope with fermentation. Means increase scar reduction and reduce the amount of gases. However, you can not give the animal too much kerosene, otherwise after slaughter the meat will smell unpleasant.
Periodic tympania of calves is treated with a 2–3 liter solution of potassium permanganate, salicylic acid, sciedena, and tympanol. Vodka, turpentine or tincture of hellebore will help. For 1 liter of water you need to take 200 ml of turpentine, 20 ml of hellebore or not more than 500 ml of vodka. A mixture of 0.4 liters of water, 0.2 liters of vodka and 0.1 liters of kerosene is effective.
When conservative treatment does not help, and the animal feels worse, you can not do without opening the scar. For this, the scar is punctured by a large trocar - a special surgical instrument. Alone cope fail. It takes a few strong hands to firmly fix the cow. Otherwise, it can hit the hind limb strongly.
Trocar need to enter in the left hungry hole. It is located in the middle of the line that connects the macklock bone and the last rib. The tool must be inserted in a sharp movement towards the right elbow. Then you should remove the stylet and release the gases. It is important every 3-4 minutes to block the hole of the tool. Otherwise, the gases will come out too quickly, which will cause outflow of blood from the brain. As a result, the brute will faint.
During the procedure, the sleeve will be clogged with food. It must be cleaned with a stylet. After cleaning, it is necessary to pour disinfectant through the sleeve, and then remove the trocar. If you get an empty sleeve, food will be in the abdominal cavity. The result of the manipulations is recorded in the protocol of the operation and the history of the disease.
Prevention of gas formation
Tympanus appears due to ignoring the rules of feeding cattle. Therefore, all enterprises need to be instructed. Employees need to tell about the maintenance and feeding of animals, explain the rules of first aid.
During grazing, shepherds should constantly monitor the animals and not allow them to be long in the clover fields, meadows with lots of vegetation. Especially in the morning when there is a large amount of dew. The first few hours you need to graze cattle in the meadows with poor vegetation. A mowed or dry pasture will do. Only after 2-3 hours you can lead the cows to the clover. If there is a lot of grass, the cattle should be there for a maximum of an hour.
Rules for feeding livestock
It is necessary to closely monitor the diet of animals. Before grazing on a rich pasture should feed the animals hay. Their stomachs will fill up, so cattle will eat less green food. This measure should be taken after a shower or with strong dew.
It is necessary to be especially careful in the spring when animals are transferred from stall to grazing. It is necessary to introduce new food gradually. To prevent animals from eating green fodder, they need to be fed a maximum of 4 hours. The duration of grazing should increase daily for 1.5-2 weeks.
In winter, the cows are in the stalls, so the farmers dilute their diet with succulent feed. This should be done gradually and first you need to feed a small portion in order for the animals to adapt to the new food. You should first give them hay or straw.
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