The importance of choosing the moment when the rabbits are set aside from the rabbit is due to several circumstances. There are a number of techniques. You should choose one of them and stick to the plan. Learn to determine the readiness of the young for a separate existence. Do not rush to the separation of underdeveloped animals: they may die. Disassemble how to prepare a new home for kids and care for them in the future. In all these questions, we will help you find the right solution.
Important information forgotten by beginners
Before we explain, when it is possible to set aside baby rabbits, we will tell about several important nuances. It happens that the female refuses offspring and does not want to feed him.
This can happen due to the absence of maternal instinct or premature sexual hunt. If it is impossible to cope with the problem, the babies are transferred to another decorative rabbit or transferred to artificial feeding.
Please note that newly born rabbits sleep most of the time. If they squeak, it indicates malnutrition. Sometimes the female herself pushes the young from the cage. The reason - problems with feeding.
In order to solve the above problems, it is necessary to examine the rabbits. If you pull the babies out of the cage, be careful: wash your hands thoroughly and wipe them with straw. If this is not done, the rabbit can abandon the pups and stop feeding them.
If you do not know how to care for little eared ones, read the article "All about newborn rabbits."
Preliminary inspection and follow up
Make sure that you can set aside rabbits from mom, will help a preliminary inspection of the young. Before you transfer the kids into separate cells, evaluate the health of each animal. Check how quickly they gain weight and their development speed.
When jigging, rabbits must be completely healthy. Inspect their fur for baldness or other abnormalities.
If the calf is not healthy or its weight is below the established norm, it is not recommended to plant the litter. Improve the feeding of the rabbit so that more nutrients are delivered to the babies.
For different breeds of rabbits, the permissible weight during jigging will vary:
- large species - from 700 g;
- medium-sized rocks - from 500 g;
- downy varieties - from 350 g.
If the weight of the rabbit does not meet the norm, it is recommended to drop it into a separate cage. For such young stock requires special care: they are given a more high-calorie diet.
Early Separation: Causes and Cautions
The age at which the rabbits are deposited depends on your goals. It is better to leave one-month babies with a female, as their bodies are not completely formed. In the fourth week of life, their digestive system works only 50%.
If the mating of the female occurs immediately after the bowing, it is necessary to resort to this option. It is necessary to divide the mother with the cubs in order for the bunny to rest and prepare herself for feeding a new litter.
Before you put the kids out, make sure their weight is normal. When premature weaning, rabbits should have the following parameters:
- Pelts and downy rocks: 350-550 g;
- meat-hide species: 450-650 g;
- Meat varieties: 500-700 g.
If you grow rabbits a breed of French ram, its normal weight at jigging is not less than 650 grams. Remember that early weaning is stressful for little eared ones. In addition, the cost of feeding them will increase significantly.
The optimal time for separation: the value of a ten-day period
It is believed that rabbits can be rejected at the age of 35-40 or 40-45 days. We will explain the difference between these periods. Up to 1.5 months, the stomach of babies can not yet work at 100%, so for such animals feeding on non-mother's milk, close attention is required.
If you drop rabbits in 35-40 days, do not overfeed them. Excessive eating leads to intestinal blockage or diarrhea. At this time, the animals are still poorly digested roughage, so carefully select their diet. Learn how to do this, you can from the section "What they feed the little rabbits."
Already from the 40th day, the eared stomach is involved in the work. Rabbits better digest rough and vegetable food. Therefore, the optimal time jigging is considered a period of 40-45 days. But, do not lose vigilance and assume that at this time the animals can be given any food. Training to new products occurs gradually, and under strict control.
Growing for meat: the period of growth and feeding system
Female lactation lasts up to 12 weeks. Skilled rabbit breeders use this when growing meat breeds. When broiler breeding rabbits are taken away from the mother at 56-60 day, after which they are sent for slaughter. In some farms, eared animals grow on breast milk up to 75-80 days.
It is proved that the cultivation of rabbits in breast milk allows you to get a better product, rich in proteins and fats. If you raise usastikas in the usual way, they are slaughtered at the age of 4 months. But even then their meat is of lower quality than that of animals raised by the broiler method.
Broiler breeding of rabbits is suitable exclusively for meat breeds. For example, Californian or French sheep. The disadvantage is that while the female feeds one litter, she will not be able to feed the second. This system reduces fertility by half.
"Eviction" of the whole litter: when and how to make
One of the breeding methods of Ushastik, compacted around, forces the breeders to set aside a whole litter from their mother at an early age (30 days). This can injure the young and cause feeding problems. To avoid this, pay great attention to the preliminary inspection.
When the rabbit is removed from the mother, they are divided into several groups. To do this, each animal is weighed and measured. The most well-fed individuals are placed separately from those who are weaker. This technique allows you to avoid internal competition.
Sexual division makes sense from the age of three months. Before that, boys and girls can be kept in the same cage.
Recently, Hungarian scientists conducted an experiment. He showed that it is better to move the mother out of the cage than the young. The bunny rabbit is easier to master new housing, and the kids are under stress.
Gradual "eviction": how to carry out and what is the use
If you do not grow ears on the system of compacted caecol, it is recommended to separate the babies from the mother as they develop. First, you wean the largest and weighty animals that can develop independently. Next, the young are evicted as they grow.
Another technology of jigging rabbits provides for the periodic return of pups to the mother. This method is used when inhibition of animals living separately is observed. But without the need to use it is not recommended, as the young must develop independently.
Both of the above techniques have two rules. First, they can be used only if the female has enough milk. Secondly, lousy eels should be sent for slaughter as soon as they reach the bottomhole weight. The reason is that weak rabbits get sick often and can cause an epidemic on the farm.
It is necessary to separate kids from mom in strictly certain terms. They are listed above. In emergency situations, you have to sit the animals at an earlier age.
What to do in such situations, we wrote in the article "On artificial feeding of baby rabbits." If it is too late to lay out the litter, the rabbit's body will weaken and it will be difficult for her to take out and feed new babies.
Spatial Minimum Observance
When kids are shared with their mother, they are not settled alone. On one site can be placed from 3 to 7 rabbits, depending on the fatness. When a group is composed of a single litter, it is left in the “native” cage. If the animals are assembled from different circles, it is better to use a new "house".
The above-described method of cell selection will allow to avoid intraspecific competition. This also contributes to the separation of rabbits by age and weight. If the animals start a fight, they are seated in different houses. It is better if these enclosures are single.
Please note that rabbits are kept separately. Small animals can still be placed in one cage, but from three months of age it is necessary to sit down. In addition, the males selected for slaughter are castrated - this contributes to the rapid mass gain.
In some substandard materials, parasites may be contained. To prevent the newborn rabbit from catching the infection, the cell is thoroughly disinfected before settling. Do not neglect this procedure, because in the first months of life, ears are extremely susceptible to disease.
It is important that their home is spacious. This helps to eliminate intraspecific competition in rabbits and reduces the risk of infections. Also the free space protects babies from deformation of the bones.
Choose a cage for rabbits with a wooden or plastic bottom. For bedding, you can use straw or sawdust, but only high quality. If in a new dwelling you move animals from one litter, mix a new substrate with an old one. This will help kids get settled.
The cage should be spacious and not constrain the young. Choose it so that each animal has at least 0.35 square meters. cm square. With age, rabbits are moved to "teen" enclosures or single houses.
Period after jigging: care and feeding
It is very important to provide thorough care for the baby rabbits in the first few months after jigging. At this time, the animals quickly gain weight, change the fur. It is during this period that they are prone to gastrointestinal diseases.
It has been established that in young rabbits the stomach or intestines is overloaded and stops working due to heavy eating. At this point, they are not able to digest food. To avoid this, it is important to monitor their diet.
Give food to small eared eggs, at least 3 times a day. Products should be crushed before serving. It is better if at the first time after jigging the babies continue to feed on what you fed the bunny. New products are introduced into the diet gradually.
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