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It is very easy to become infected with rabies by drinking the milk of a rabid cow, suffering from the bite of a sick animal or eating infected meat. It is a mistake to believe that animal diseases do not pose a threat to human life and health. This is not true. For humans, this disease is just as dangerous as any other organism. In any case, noticing the symptoms of the disease in an animal, it is necessary to immediately sound the alarm and resort to certain measures.

Diagnosis of the disease

For rabies cattle (or spongy brain disease) is characterized by damage to the central nervous system. Most of this dangerous disease occurs in cows, although other animals are sometimes susceptible to it.

The main reason for the infection of cattle with this disease is self-developing RNA proteins (prions). They enter the cow's body through the spleen and infect nerve cells. After penetration, the rabies virus captures the central nervous system and affects virtually all components of the animal's body.

The incubation period of the disease can last from several years to several months, so any animal is at risk of infection. Effective methods of therapy, leading to a final recovery, do not exist today, therefore, it is customary to isolate and ill all patients. It is very important to periodically resort to prevention against rabies, even despite the seemingly good state of health of the cow. The best way to prevent disease will be vaccination.

Forms of the disease

There are only two main forms of rabies in cows: lush and calm.

In the first species, the disease begins with severe irritation. The cow alternately makes sudden movements and reacts aggressively to other animals. Especially aggression can be expressed to small pets. Also, excessive sweating, drooling, and frequent urination are noted.

In the silent form of the disease, there is practically no excitement, but rather, on the contrary, some lethargy is observed. The cow is indifferent to the feed, looks oppressed. The disappearance of ruminants and the secretion of milk is noted, it is difficult for the animal to swallow, the lowing sounds hoarsely, as if through a septum.

In both cases, the development of the disease after a few days in an animal paralyzes the lower jaw, then the front and hind limbs, and then death occurs.

Symptoms of infection

The symptoms of the disease appear very clearly, so it’s almost impossible not to notice that something is wrong with the animal. The main symptoms are:

  • unusual behavior, fear, anxiety;
  • a strange reaction to external pathogens, for example, to noise or light (in some animals convulsions occur);
  • dramatic weight loss;
  • mood swings;
  • trembling of parts of the body or even the whole body.

In particularly difficult cases, the cow may refuse to see, she does not notice the obstacles and bumps into them.

Specific prevention of rabies

The best preventive measure that can prevent animal health problems will be inoculated. It causes an animal biochemical changes in the body that reduce the sensitivity of cells to prions. Artificial immunization with the disease helps the production of antibodies that neutralize the virus, which tries to get inside before the damage of the nerve cells and the organism as a whole.

For vaccination, veterinarians use preparations containing a culture of the rabies virus from the Paster / RIV strain with an activity of at least 2 IU and 1 milliliter intramuscularly. Only fully healthy animals are vaccinated, with the first vaccination in cows at six months of age, and revaccination every two years.

There is no 100% guarantee that the cow will not get sick after vaccination. Statistics states: 9 out of 10 vaccinated animals do not become infected with rabies, being in the same conditions of care and maintenance. And this is a very good indicator.

Precautionary measures

People who are constantly in contact with the virus, for example, laboratory workers who study the disease must be vaccinated.

After an animal has attacked (bite or scratch), infection should be prevented immediately. To do this, the victim must wait for some blood to flow from the wound. Then thoroughly wash the wound (preferably with soap), treat it with an antiseptic, for example, with alcohol and be sure to tie up the injury site. Wound disinfection measures must be carried out very carefully to avoid further damage. Treatment of wounds should be done immediately (within an hour) after contact with an animal.

Also, people at risk of being infected with rabies are vaccinated as a matter of urgency.

Signs of rabies in humans almost coincide with the symptoms of the disease in animals. First, a person ceases to feel himself in space, does not control his movements, feverish twitching of limbs is possible. Secondly, eyesight is greatly deteriorated. Transition to the aggressive-impulsive state is possible. Uncontrollable and quickly passing seizures can happen to a person. When people have any symptoms of rabies, an urgent need to consult a specialist.

Tell me if you have been mad about cows. Share your experiences and describe your methods of dealing with this terrible disease.

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