Among the impressive number of problems faced by cattle owners, bumps on the udder of a cow are quite common. But not everyone can immediately determine which disease is the cause of this scourge. Affected by the lack of experience of farmers and the similarity of the external manifestations of many diseases. Education in the mammary gland, as well as in other parts of the body, may be the result of a variety of diseases, the most common of which will be presented below.
Highlights of the disease
In the overwhelming majority of cases, the bumps appearing on the body of a cow signal the presence of a serious pathology. We should not expect that they will disappear on their own initiative. Launched disease can lead to dangerous consequences.
Cones that form under the skin in different parts of the animal’s body are often infectious and therefore pose a threat to other livestock.
If the resulting formations are relatively small and are present throughout the body of the cow, an allergic reaction is most often diagnosed. Provided that the bumps are dry, it is possible to speak with a high degree of confidence about the development of hypodermatosis. If purulent inflammations affecting the articular bags are observed, then bursitis should be treated.
The key condition that allows you to clearly define a particular disease is a thorough analysis of the symptoms. Therefore, a rational decision is to contact a veterinarian.
The manifestation of nodular dermatitis
One of the diseases that is characterized by such a symptom and has a high degree of danger is nodular dermatitis. Its other name is a tuberculate. According to statistics, in the absence of adequate treatment of the cow, it leads to her death in every tenth case. The adoption of measures reduces this indicator by almost an order of magnitude. As for the characteristic features of this disease, their list is as follows:
- the size of the formed cones can vary;
- the surface of the formations is flat, and their height is relatively small;
- the skin located around the cones begins to flake off almost immediately after their appearance;
- from a nose of a cow slime with an unpleasant smell is emitted;
- in the case of udder damage, the milk often becomes pinkish;
- neglected forms of the tubercle are characterized by damage to the liver, lymph nodes and respiratory tract, as well as the formation of scars.
Nodular dermatitis, having a viral nature, is able to infect any animal, both calf and adult. At the same time, it is quite well treatable with such drugs as "Bifer-B", "Gentabiferon-B" and "Enrofloksavetferon-B".
The appearance of cones as a result of actinomycosis
The main symptom of this disease, having a fungal origin, is the occurrence of actinomycics. These painful formations are tumors. They have a high density and are characterized by slow growth. If we list the places that attack most often, then they include:
- jaws and the space between them;
- lymph nodes located in the submandibular region.
In addition, actinomycous bumps in cows can be observed on the neck, often opening into the pharyngeal cavity. The key manifestation of the disease is purulent discharge. Initially, yellowish, and later acquiring a pinkish tint due to damage to infected tissues.
Another characteristic symptom of actinomycosis is fistulas that form on the palate and gums, which can lead to tooth loosening and even loss.
Treatment of the disease involves:
- intravenous injections of solutions containing potassium iodide and iodine;
- the use of polymyxin and oxytetracycline - antibiotics, which should be chipped off actinomycoms;
- surgical removal of cones.
Read more in the article "Treatment of cattle actinomycosis."
Education, arising from the cause of hypodermatosis
Another condition that can provoke the appearance and development of cones in cows is hypodermatosis. This disease, which occurs chronically, leads to the appearance of dry, convex formations, which are most often observed in the udder area, as well as on the back and sides of the animal. The disease under consideration, the causative agents of which are the larvae of subcutaneous gadflies, is a danger to cattle. It can affect the internal organs and provoke the development of paralysis.
It is noteworthy that an animal can become infected with hypodermatosis only in the warm season, when the activity of gadflies reaches its peak.
Getting into the body of a cow through the skin, the gadfly larvae migrate in the direction of the spinal canal, where they remain for a six-month period. They can affect other organs, such as the esophagus. Then the parasites create capsules with fistulous openings. Having matured, the larvae leave the body of the animal, going outside and falling to the ground.
Of course, the activity of parasites adversely affects the health of cows. This is manifested in their anxiety caused by severe discomfort. To get rid of the larvae using protivovodovye drugs, as well as insecticides with a wide spectrum of action. The specific combination is selected by a specialist.
Disease as a result of bursitis
Talking about illnesses that can provoke the appearance of cones in cows, one can not fail to mention bursitis - a disease that is an inflammation of the mucous bags of joints. Most often it develops as a result of mechanical damage, when pathogenic microflora penetrates into open wounds and abrasions. At first, bursitis occurs in relatively mild form. If the disease is not treated, it goes into a purulent stage, accompanied by swelling and swelling in the area of the affected joints. In severe cases, the mobility of the animal is reduced due to a strong pain syndrome.
Conservative treatment of bursitis is possible only in the early stages. More severe forms require surgery.
Smallpox Ulcers Burn
Smallpox most often affects young individuals, whose immune system is significantly less resistant than adults. Developing, this viral disease affects the udder and abdomen (in cows and bulls, respectively). Accompanied by the appearance of from two to twenty cones - pustules, gradually filling with pus. At the same time, the occurrence of such formations in the head, neck, back or thighs is also possible, but much less.
Treatment of smallpox involves the use of antibiotics. In addition, it provides for the use of drugs aimed at cauterization of ulcers and their softening. The first are iodine tincture, chloramine and Burov liquid, and the second is glycerin and fatty ointment. It should also be added that all the milk in cows with smallpox, must be given out, if necessary, using an appropriate catheter.
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