The appearance of calves is a real feast for any breeder, but the diseases of the cows after calving can darken it. Unsuccessful childbirth can weaken the animal or cause its premature death. To avoid this, the cow owner should familiarize himself with the most frequent postpartum pathologies, which we will discuss in this article.
Detention of an afterbirth at cows
If the prenatal development of the calf, as well as its birth, passes without difficulty, the last comes out within six hours from the moment of completion of the calving. A double delay is considered valid. If the last is delayed for twelve hours or more, then it is reasonable for the cow’s owner to sound the alarm, since such a deviation from the norm is fraught with negative consequences.
It would not be superfluous to know why this happens. The main reason is that the cow did not move much. This leads to a weakening of the walls of the uterus, because of which it can not be reduced properly. Also inadequate or inadequate feeding of the cow during pregnancy. Factors that cause stretching of the uterus and leading to its inflammation are excessive development of the fetus or gestation of two or more calves.
Stimulation of postpartum activity
Especially dangerous is the detention of the placenta, which lasts more than two or three days. This can lead to infection of the animal’s blood. Alarming signs are fever, loss of appetite and disorders of the digestive system organs.
Activities aimed at solving the postpartum problem may include the use of drugs that stimulate the withdrawal of the placenta without surgical intervention (ergot, ergot). Half-hour walks will also help, which the cow needs to do twice a day. Radical methods - the introduction into the uterus of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, streptomycin, penicillin or norsulfazola) or removal of the afterbirth by surgical method.
Recent actions should be carried out only by a qualified specialist, in order not to cause an animal even greater harm.
If we highlight the main causes of vaginal rupture in cows, their list looks like this:
- excessively stormy childbirth;
- abnormal location of the fetus or its excessive development;
- negligence of people taking birth.
Any of these causes may damage the vagina of the cow. Blood loss, or loss of the intestines or bladder, can tell about a rupture.
If you do not take action, it can lead to infertility of the animal or pathological calving in the future. To minimize the risks, tampons impregnated with a disinfectant and a solution that accelerates coagulation hemostasis (clotting due to platelet activity) must be inserted into the cow's vagina. If necessary, the wound stitches or set loose organs of the abdominal cavity.
Remember, you can not wash the damaged vagina of an animal!
Uterine prolapse in cows
This postpartum pathology may occur at the time of the completion of calving or over the next few hours. The main reason is the weakness of the muscles of the uterus, the depletion of which leads to its loss. The negative influencing factors include multiple pregnancies, excessive accumulation of amniotic fluid, inappropriate delivery of labor, leading to damage to the uterine muscles. Complications associated with the age of the heifers and the bearing of an oversized fetus, the output of which is traumatic for the cow, also has a negative effect.
The risk of uterine proliferation increases substantially if the owner of the pregnant animal did not walk it regularly.
A characteristic feature of pathology is a clearly visible formation, a form resembling a pear. If the prolapsed uterus is not relaxed within the first few hours, then it gradually swells, becomes inflamed and becomes covered with cracks.
With regard to the treatment of prolapse of the uterus in a cow after calving, it involves the step-by-step implementation of the following actions:
- careful separation of the placenta;
- washing the precipitated organ with a weak solution of potassium permanganate;
- raising the animal's backside (as well as the uterus itself, to work with which a clean towel should be used);
- neat and, at the same time, strong reduction of the organ;
- stitching, if required by the specifics of the situation.
Reduction of the uterine cows involves the simultaneous work of four people - the main specialist and three assistants.
If during pregnancy a cow received an inadequate amount of calcium, and most importantly, vitamin D, then after calving, hypocalcemia is likely to develop, which in an advanced stage will lead to paresis.
The problem does not appear immediately. In most cases, clear signs are observed two to three days after the completion of labor. The main manifestations of paresis are the loss of the ability of the cow to stably stand, the drop in body temperature and the almost complete rejection of food and water. There is a decrease in the sensitivity of the skin of the animal. As a result, paralysis develops. The cow cannot rise (and sometimes move its limbs), cannot independently hold its head and swallow.
There may be diametrically opposed symptoms. So, in some cases, the behavior of cattle is extremely depressed, and in others, on the contrary, overly excited. Assistance involves the delivery of milk, followed by disinfection of the udder and blowing air into it through the catheter using a pump. Then caffeine is injected subcutaneously and the skin of the animal is carefully rubbed.
In order to raise the body temperature of the cow, it is wrapped and heated. Laxatives and enemas are desirable to alleviate the general condition. Intravenous glucose solution supports the energy of the animal, and calcium chloride is injected to compensate for the loss of this trace element in the body. If paresis is not treated, the disease will lead to the death of the cattle.
To prevent illness, the cow owner must pay attention to her diet. It is necessary to reduce the proportion of concentrated feed, use sucrose, glucose and vitamin-mineral complexes as useful additives. Proper nutrition of the animal reduces the likelihood of paresis almost to zero.
Other common problems
Another pathology that may develop after calving is sticking. The main reason for the scourge - birth damage. They occur due to the release of a large fetus, abnormal calving or abnormal actions on the part of a person. Laying down is a result of a concussion that affects the obturator and sciatic nerves, leading to a weakening of the back of the animal. Treatment of laying a cow suggests:
- local use of hot water bottles;
- periodically turning the animal from side to side;
- massage problem areas of the body;
- the use of dense bedding;
- full and intensive nutrition.
In addition, mention should be made of the harmful activity of infections and postpartum intoxication, most often manifested as a result of damage to the reproductive organs of the animal. They also develop against the background of weakened immunity. Their symptoms: depression, loss of appetite, palpitations, fever, heavy breathing, indigestion (in some cases).
At the same time, the number of white cells excreted in the blood during the analysis significantly exceeds the norm, which also indicates that the organism is infected. In order to restore health to the cow, it is more rational to wash the reproductive organs of the animal with the use of antibiotics prescribed by a specialist. It is also necessary to ensure her high-quality food with the addition of fish oil and vitamin-mineral preparations.
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