To make a rabbit with his own hands, you do not need special skills or special knowledge. It is enough to be able to handle ordinary building tools. However, the case must be approached responsibly. Rabbits are very sensitive to conditions of detention, including the quality of housing. If the cages are damp, cramped or stuffy, then you shouldn't even dream of a safe population. We will describe in detail how to build a room for animals and from what materials.
Site selection and construction requirements
Usually rabbitry is understood as a special construction of a rectangular shape or a one-storey barn, where in several tiers there are animal cages. If the farmer lives in a warm region where there are no cold winters, two or three walls with a roof can serve as a shelter. In areas with a harsh climate rabbit make heated.
There are several rules that must comply with the design:
- be of such height that it was convenient to maintain them;
- have the size and decor, comfortable for life and breeding animals;
- have a good system for removing urine and feces from the cabins.
It is necessary to have rabbitry in a quiet place, because the noise is unnerving eared. Canine aviary, barn, chicken coop - not the best neighborhood for rabbits. Also, the direct rays of the sun should not fall into the cages, but at the same time animals need a lot of light.
In windy weather, rabbit houses should not be purged. The distance from the cells to the ground - 0.8-1 m.
The correct rabbit size depends on how many animals you are going to keep. For a pair of rabbits you need a house divided into two sections, between which a grid is placed at an angle. The height of the structure is from 50 to 70 cm, the length is from 140 cm, and the width is from 60 cm. To save space, rabbitks are often made two- and three-tier (shedding system). In this case, on the lower tier, you must do artificial ventilation. On the top will be quite natural.
The cells intended for a group of young animals under the age of 2 months live in different sizes. One rabbit needs at least 0.5 square meters. m square, ideally 1 square. m, but you can not keep too many animals in the house. The best dimensions of such a rabbit: 200-300 cm in length, from 80 to 100 cm in width, 40-60 cm in height.
The mother of the rabbit with newborn calves is built, given that the female with offspring needs at least 0.6 square meters. m square, not counting the nest. The dimensions of the latter: length 35-36 cm, height 30-33 cm, width from 25 cm to 28 cm.
Large breeds and males, which are used for breeding, need more space.
Popular types of designs
To build a barn for rabbits with your own hands, you need to consider the possible options for shelters.
If you live in the south or in the middle lane, you can build a mini-farm of several tiers to protect the cells with animals. For cold regions, this option is not suitable, since it does not provide for heating.
The second option is suitable for any climate and any season. This is a large rabbit house with compartments, each of which is insulated. Such facilities are often built heated. To keep the rabbits warm, they can be used for heating each compartment of the heater EG-1 or similar. They are put attached to the bottom and turn on the minimum mode in case of frost.
The third type of rabbit housing is the pit. They have many supporters and opponents. On the one hand, animals are comfortable in the pits, conditions are as close to natural as possible. But controlling the mating and catching rabbits is very difficult.
No cells are needed for this content. It is enough to organize a pit 1-2 m deep, to concrete the walls and floor, to fall asleep with sand on top. Layer - 20 cm. Put a grid on the sand. Feeders and drinkers have here.
What are the cells
To build an rabbit with your own hands, you need to decide on the type of cells that will be there. Their appointment varies. For example, it can be used as an animal enclosure for animals alone, if you need to plant some individuals.
If you decide to build a bunny shed, you can keep the cages there. Also, they are included in collapsible complex mini-farm.
Depending on the functions of the cell are divided into:
- for the young, who were planted;
- for animals for fattening;
- houses with a nest for females with rabbits.
The rabbitks can be attached to the wall of another agricultural room. This is especially convenient if that room is heated - it will play the role of additional warming.
Not a bad decision - houses with a small aviary, so that the animals have shelter and space to warm up.
The best materials for work
Before the construction of rabbitry with your own hands you need to choose the right materials. Remember: rabbits gnaw everything that surrounds them, so the houses should be made from natural ingredients. Usually make wooden buildings, upholstering accessible places for animals with metal. It is impossible to saturate a tree with antiseptic, otherwise pets can get poisoned.
Some people use polycarbonate greenhouses to keep rabbits, but they are not suitable for permanent living. In winter, animals are good in them. But in the summer in a polycarbonate rabbit is a real oven, and to organize a good ventilation is very difficult, since rodents do not tolerate drafts.
So, to build your own rabbitry, you will need:
- slats, boards and wooden bars;
- galvanized mesh;
- sheets of tin and iron;
- hinges, nails, screws, latches;
- corners of metal pipes;
- roofing material.
To build a roof, use slate. It does not pass moisture and does not overheat in the sun. The amount of materials depends on the rabbit's size and is calculated on the basis of the drawings.
Ready and homemade drawings
To make good housing for pets, you need the right rabbit layout. You can find on the Internet ready, and you can draw it yourself. The second option is convenient because you can change the parameters depending on the number of animals on the farm.
There are several options for cells. The first one is two-section or two-tier, suitable for two adult animals. It is rectangular in shape. All walls, except the front, solid. Front do mesh doors.
The second option in the construction of rabbit - a cage with a place for a nest. They have two compartments connected by a small passage. They are of different sizes. Under the nest divert smaller. Group houses are needed for young animals from 3 to 6 months. They do not make compartments.
Before you build a rabbit, make a drawing. Having defined the size of the house, draw a rectangle - a top view. If required, mark the compartments.
Draw, where will be the door, feeders and other furnishings. Then we draw a view of the structure from the side. The cut that you imagine should go through the section, the most difficult in terms of technology. For example, through the nest.
Drawing a bottom view is optional, but if there are difficulties with legs, supports, it does not hurt. Make sure the plan is correct - all sizes must match.
Making houses out of wood
Having ready-made drawings, rabbitry do it yourself is not so difficult to build. First, take two pieces of a corner and connect. It turns out the base. Next, we make the frame for the lid of the house of two wooden rectangles. We drill holes, connect parts with bolts and nuts. In the corners make inserts.
We trim the corners with wooden bars and put the frame on the rack. We make a rectangle in the base of the cell with a crate of 5 bars. Fastened to the corner of the cross. The frame can be created from metal pipes, then you will need welding.
Getting down to the frame trim. The best option - mesh netting, cells 20x20 mm, galvanized. For the front of the cages, sides and doors fit a simple steel mesh.
We make a sennik from similar material (the space between the compartments where hay is placed for food). The size of the cells must be 50x50 mm, otherwise the animal will be difficult to get food. You can pull a solid mesh or cut and install parts.
Galvanized mesh is laid on the slatted bottom. The cell size can be 10x25 or 25x25 mm. To create the floor is to use special bars, pre-brushed. The distance between them is 1 cm. Put plywood on the net so that the rabbits do not injure the legs, but do not fix it - the plywood must be removed and dried regularly.
For better strengthening and warming of the rabbit house, plywood, polycarbonate or boards are attached to the back wall.
Roof and doors
We continue to tell how to make a rabbit. Wavy slate, or roofing material for the roof is mounted on the crate, made of bars. For fastening use self-tapping screws, or usual assembly levels.
Doors at the bottom are fixed with hinges, and at the top they set the latch or lock. Thus the door will be cast around, - it is convenient. But the popular spinning wooden bolts on the nail is not necessary to put. They quickly loosen and stop working.
Tanks for food and water can also be made independently of wood. Plastic dishes will not work. Any object made of plastic is harmful to rabbits who love to nibble everything. Read more in the articles "About the feeders for rabbits" and "About drinking bowls for rabbits".
If you are doing rabbitry for the first time, use cheap or used materials. They will not be sorry if something does not work out the first time. When you put your hand, build better houses for animals.
Some useful tips
Now that you know everything about the rabbit's device, it remains only to say about some of the nuances. Novice breeders rarely think about them, but in vain.
First, making houses by hand, people try to save on everything, especially on fasteners. However, it is cheap fasteners - the worst idea. The strength and durability of the entire structure depends on its quality.
Secondly, when installing nets on the doors and inside the rabbitrels, make sure that the cut ends of the wire do not stick out. They need to be well bent, so that animals can not get hurt.
Under the mesh floor in the rabbitcher you need to put a pallet. Then the animal waste can be easily cleaned without creating unsanitary conditions.
If there are compartments in the house, the edges of the passage between them should be upholstered with metal. Otherwise, the rabbits will not fail to sharpen his teeth on him.
If in the winter cells will remain on the street, they need to be warmed. Read more about this in the article "Is it possible to keep rabbits outside in the winter?"
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