The emergence of the atony of the anterior stomachs in cows can cause considerable suffering to the animal and lead to serious consequences, including death. Before considering the methods of treatment of cattle, you need to understand the causes of health problems, learn how to deal with them and understand what will help in a particular case.
Description of the disease
Most owners do not even wonder why their cows can get sick. Meanwhile, finding out the cause of the disease, it is much easier to cure it in the early stages, preventing the suffering of the poor animal.
The anvillons are called the stomach sections of the cow (scar, mesh, and book), located directly in front of the stomach itself. These organs are responsible for proper digestion. For various reasons, their action is disturbed, there are certain problems with digestion, which are called hypotension and atony. What is the difference between these two ills?
Cow hypotonia occurs when the intensity of contractions of the anvil decreases. Atonia is the absence of these very cuts as such. Reducing the activity of contractions of internal organs contributes to the inhibition of food digestion. Because of their improper functioning, the Burenka loses interest in food, its general condition worsens. Timely assistance can prevent the atony from becoming chronic and stimulate the activity of the forefunctions of the animal.
Factors affecting the development of the disease
The main reasons provoking the occurrence of the disease may be:
- contaminated water or insufficient amount of liquid in the cow’s diet;
- drinking very cold water;
- penetration of parasites or infection into the animal .;
- lack or lack of movement, walking;
- too abrupt change of power;
- feeding a cow exclusively by artificial feeding;
- the use of spoiled or poor-quality feed (rotten or germinated potatoes, raw hay);
- abrupt change of residence or transportation of an animal;
In spring and autumn, special attention should be paid to the state of animal health: long use of fresh grass, and then transfer to animal feed, or vice versa, can adversely affect the work of the stomach of a cow and lead to atony.
Primary and secondary forms of the disease
Experts distinguish two forms of the disease, different causes.
The primary form of atony in cows is called a malfunction of the body, which has arisen due to improper feeding or other factors not associated with changes in the work of the internal organs. For example, a long monotonous diet, lack of walking or lack of fluid.
Secondary is a type of malaise in which a cow falls ill under the influence of changes or disorders occurring in its other organs. For example, metabolic, protein, mineral, vitamin deficiencies, liver and kidney diseases, and long-term acute infectious diseases can affect the occurrence of the disease.
Both forms of the disease do not pass for the body of the animal without a trace, having a negative impact on the state of the internal organs.
Features of digestive problems in calves
Young ruminants, such as calves, experience gastrointestinal disturbances much more often than adults. Therefore, they need special attention.
Deterioration in calves may occur suddenly. They are much more susceptible to infections and parasites, so for the prevention of pre-gastric ailments, including atonic ones, you need to carefully monitor the nutrition of the young.
There is practically no difference between the treatment of atony in calves and therapy for adult cows. Experienced veterinarians advise more often to dilute the diet, for example, alternate hay with feed, concentrated feed with coarse substitutes.
Symptoms of malaise
To notice the threat to health is usually easy. The first sign of atony is lack of appetite, the appearance of apathy towards the food. The second important indicator is the reduction or dilution of gum, the disappearance of ruminant periods. The cow's scar feels dense, some mass is felt in it. After a period of time from the onset of digestive disorders, the animal has constipation, which are replaced by diarrhea with a large amount of feces, accompanied by a very unpleasant odor.
If a cow has stomach problems, she becomes lethargic, can lie for a long time, reluctantly gets up. With severe atony, there may be convulsions, short-term muscle twitching. Breathing quickens, decreases milk yield, deteriorates mood. Sick animal becomes tired, he has absolutely no strength.
All these symptoms are in themselves rather unpleasant phenomena, but if you start treatment and do not take any measures, they can lead to much more serious consequences and even death.
Unpleasant changes in the body of a cow begin with a change in acidity in the rumen. Scar content becomes more acidic due to the increase in the content of lactic, butyric and other acids. Scar microorganisms begin to function improperly, some of them die. These changes lead to disorders of the digestive process and serious malfunctions in the work of the whole organism of the cow.
Some time after the use of poor-quality feed, toxic substances are absorbed into the intestine and act on the nervous system of the animal.. As a result, appetite decreases, ruminant processes and the secret function of the body are disturbed.
The best solution for any disease will be examined by a veterinarian. An experienced specialist, having studied the history of the disease, will determine how difficult the situation is and tell you what to do, taking into account the individual characteristics of the animal. Implementation of these recommendations will help to establish the proper functioning of the organs.
Diet, shots and walks
During the treatment of atony, the general condition of the body gradually improves, with proper care, the cow becomes easier after 3 days. And in 5-7 days there is almost complete recovery.
When treating the acute form of atony of the foregastric in a cow, a half-hungry diet is prescribed for several days. Experts do not recommend limiting drinking, but it is better to add about 10 grams of salt per 10 liters of water to the water.
To normalize the microflora and improve digestion, it is necessary to dilute water and food with ruminator preparations for several days, for example, tincture of white hellebore. Many veterinarians inject intravenously into cows a 5-10% solution of sodium chloride (up to 500 milliliters) or a 0.1% solution of carbacholine subcutaneously (1-3 milliliters).
At least 3 hours a day, it is recommended to set aside for walking the animal. You also need to massage the scar with a fist for a few minutes to improve its functioning. To restore the motor activity of the rumen, it is recommended several times to add vegetable brines, wormwood tincture, brewer's yeast to the cow's diet, in order to establish fermentation processes, and gentian root.
A few tips for newbies
It is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the veterinarian. Failure to comply may result in irreversible consequences. There are several tips that not only do no harm, but also help restore the balance of the internal system after suffering atony. So, on the first day, the cow's stomach needs hunger. This will speed up the full recovery.
On the second day, it is necessary for the animal to eat only high-quality food (for example, fresh grass, greens, raw root vegetables, vegetables) in much smaller quantities than usual. Feed should be introduced gradually with only 3-4 days.
Sometimes you can gently massage the hungry hole on the left side. This will help the work of foreskins. You can gradually introduce water with dissolved Glauber's salt (in a ratio of 1: 5) and high-quality sunflower oil (400-800 g).
Motion activity is very important. The more time a cow spends in the fresh air, the better. Sharp movements should be limited. A quiet walk will bring much better results.
During treatment, it is not recommended to disregard the cow. It requires constant monitoring of its condition.
Consequences of the disease
Quite often, atony is accompanied by a blockage of a book in a cow. The fact is that both troubles are in most cases caused by the wrong diet. In aggregate, such problems can bring really unpleasant feelings.
During ailments and recovery after it, the cow can lose a lot of weight, look thin and thin. Fecal masses may remain liquid for several more days after the completion of the diet, until the function of the progestoses is fully restored.
Activity after atony depends on the individual characteristics of each animal. Many people get up at the beginning of treatment, some remain sluggish for a few more days.
There are many measures that can prevent discomfort in a cow. The main ones are preventive.
The basis for preventing any health problems is, of course, proper care. Further interruptions in eating and walking can only aggravate the situation. For cows that consume liquid concentrated feed, you should introduce substitutes for roughage. They form a peculiar mass that protects the anterior gizzards and restores digestion. The longer a cow eats this way, the better her digestive system will work. Accordingly, the better will be the state of health. In no case should not allow the use of rotten, frozen, spoiled feed.
You should also be aware of a certain sensitivity observed in the cattle with a sharp change of environment, temperature changes or change of staff. It is not necessary to create stressful situations for the cow, as this can also adversely affect her health and create the danger of illness.
Send the link to the article to your friends if you find useful information here.
Tell us in the comments what kind of digestive problems your cows have encountered.