Bacteria can enter the body through diarrhea. This disease can greatly affect the health of livestock and cause damage to the entire economy. Diarrhea virus, once ingested, can lead to the development of escherichiosis. In 70% of diarrhea is fatal. Despite the fact that pharmaceutical companies are developing new drugs, viral diarrhea in cattle is one of the main causes of high mortality in agricultural enterprises.
What is the reason
To understand why cows have diarrhea, it is necessary to check the livestock content on the farm. Sanitary and hygienic standards of maintenance may be violated:
- Dirty, poorly cleaned boxes;
- Substandard food and drinking water;
- Unwashed dishes after eating cows;
- Walking at the burial sites of livestock;
- Impaired sanitation at the hotel cows.
If a burenka feels unwell, her general condition worsens, she refuses food, it is highly likely that she caught the virus. Diarrhea is accompanied by rapid temperature changes, rapid heartbeat, impaired respiratory and absorption systems, and sometimes - anorexia and impaired coordination.
Another cause of diarrhea in cows is dysbacteriosis. Disruption of the body's microflora often occurs due to a lack of fiber. As a rule, when switching to green fodder (in summer), a cow receives few minerals, proteins and vitamins, which leads to disruption of the animal's digestive system.
During the illness, the body experiences stress, it starts dehydration. That is why it is recommended to resort to the help of a veterinarian to determine the exact diagnosis, how to treat and how to rehabilitate the animal.
First aid for dyspepsia
If the burenka zaponosila, you must immediately give her first aid. At home, treatment of diarrhea in a cow begins with a diet. On the first day of diarrhea is better to completely abandon the feed. Give the animal boiled water. To replenish the supply of lost fluid and enrich the body with nutrients, give the borenka electrolyte solution (1 tablespoon of salt, 4 grams of baking soda, 1 tablespoon of white ash) is added to 1 liter of water.
On the second day you can give steamed flakes of oats or flax. The main thing that the food was easily digestible.
Cure diarrhea will help and beet juice. This tool can overcome the strongest diarrhea. Beet juice has antiseptic properties and helps clean the blood.
To saturate the body and maintain immunity during diarrhea, cows are given vitamin C. It is added to solutions or to food. If you treat a calf, the vitamin can be mixed with colostrum.
Medical treatment of diarrhea
As a rule, the treatment of diarrhea is not complete without special medicines. Today, there are many drugs on the market that have a rapid effect on diarrhea. Antibiotics are most commonly used. They kill viruses that have settled in the body and have antiseptic properties. One of the commonly used antibiotics is syntomycin. It is given to the cow 3 times a day, 200 grams for 2-4 days. Acceptable use and sulfa drugs (eg, norsulfazola).
To defeat the severe form of diarrhea, it is necessary to use high-impact medications, such as trisulfone, metronidazole. If you give herbal teas, keep in mind that treatment using traditional methods is recommended only for mild diarrhea.
Cleansing the colon in cows with enema is another way to effectively combat diarrhea. For these purposes, they use a clipper cup with a rubber tube about two meters long. The intestine is washed with infusions of herbs (alder, sage, nettle), potassium permanganate or brine. The volume of fluid, depending on the degree of diarrhea and the weight of the cow, ranges from 10 to 20 liters.
Clean - the guarantee of health
Animal health is directly related to the conditions in which they are kept. It is important to know what to do and what rules to follow in order to minimize the risk of spreading infections.
In the improvement of barns must comply with hygienic standards. Boxes should be well cleaned from manure. Regular disinfection is recommended. It is also important to create a favorable lighting (it should not be harsh, annoying). In summertime, viral diarrhea of cattle is more common, it is necessary to ventilate the premises where livestock are kept. Sick animals must be transferred to separate boxes. If a sick cow has recently calved down, it is better to take a calf from her.
When diarrhea occurs in a cow, the whole herd should be vaccinated. Import and export of livestock at the time of quarantine is strictly prohibited.
Small calves are more vulnerable to the occurrence of diarrhea. The infection is often carried at the hotel of the cow. At the first time, when the body of the newborn is not yet strong, it can get sick with improper nutrition or maintenance. It is very important to pay special attention to the maintenance of young stock on cattle farms.
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