Usually, treatment of diarrhea in calves at home involves first-aid treatment of the animal, as well as the owner’s ability to use available medical products in the absence of a doctor. According to statistics, in 70% of cases, livestock death occurs from the spread of infections. The most susceptible to young. Poor hygienic conditions during childbirth, improper feeding, keeping in unsanitary conditions - all these factors can cause diarrhea. Every farmer must have at least minimal knowledge to prevent an epidemic in the herd.
What could be the reason
If the calf refuses to eat, constantly asleep, inactive, loses weight, the owner should find out the reason for this condition. Most likely, the baby caught the infection. Most often, a calf can enter the body:
- E. coli E. coli causing escherichiosis.
Almost all bacteria get from the external environment into the gastrointestinal tract. Acidic environment contribute to the proliferation of viruses. Parasitizing in the host, they disrupt the functions of the digestive, nervous, respiratory and absorption systems, as well as muscle tissue, causing diarrhea in calves.
During the first month of life, it will be difficult for the sick baby to defeat the illness, because the immune system has not yet been formed. The mortality rate among newborn calves is higher than among grown-ups. This is also associated with a high risk of infection at the time of calving the cow. Experienced owners pay great attention to cleanliness in the maternity ward, because cattle health depends on it.
An adult calf is also immune to infectious diseases. Bacteria often enter a young body through food and liquid. Poor food can cause diarrhea with blood. To prevent the need to thoroughly wash buckets and drinkers after each meal. In addition, a small creature may not feel full. It is necessary to make the feeding mode and determine the portion separately for each age.
The earlier the treatment begins, the greater the chance of salvation.
The first symptoms of the disease are felt soon enough. As soon as the owner has noticed that the calf is bruising, you need to take action immediately.
In the first days of the disease, the bacteria have not had time to multiply, and the body is easier to deal with them. If you immediately begin to help the calf, the percentage of the likelihood of his recovery will increase significantly.
Stopping diarrhea in a calf should be tried as quickly as possible. For effective treatment of diarrhea, you need to combine a special diet and medication.
Every cattle owner should know how to stop diarrhea in milk farmers in order to provide first aid independently. But nevertheless consultation of the veterinarian in such cases is necessary. Laboratory tests will determine the main cause of the disease and determine its timing. With the availability of these data it will be possible to make a course of treatment
Compliance with the special regime
To begin with, develop a pet diet. Exclude from the diet of colostrum and feeding. For two days, water it with clean, boiled water at room temperature. With severe diarrhea, three to five liters of fluid are lost per day. To prevent dehydration, you need to replenish its reserves. It is not uncommon for the calf to die of dehydration during the treatment of diarrhea.
On the second day, gradually begin to give the calf colostrum in the form of a solution with water. This should be done carefully, each time slightly increasing the percentage of colostrum. Remember about the foods that feed the ward - they must be fresh.
On the third day, you can give vitamins and minerals. During diarrhea in calves, the immune system weakens and needs recovery. Vitamin C is necessary for these purposes. It is given in the form of a powder diluted with water.
If you see improvements over time, start giving your calf a easily digestible dressing. They can be made by steaming flax grains for at least 3 hours and letting them brew well.
Diarrhea in the calf can be cured with antibiotics that suppress the growth of bacteria in the body. The most popular antibiotics are tetracycline or levomycetin.
Salt solutions cope with diarrhea
Salt solutions or electrolytes have long been used as a remedy for diarrhea. Due to antiseptic properties, they effectively remove toxic substances from the body.
Treatment of diarrhea in the calf with the help of these funds began in the 19th century, when there were almost no special preparations in Russia that could cure diarrhea. And if they were sold, then at a high price.
The electrolyte solution can quickly stop the calf diarrhea in a short time. At the same time it is cheap and easy to prepare.
In order to make the electrolyte, you will need:
- table salt - 3 tsp;
- baking soda - 5 tablespoons;
- white ash - 10 tablespoons;
- Glucose - 5 tablespoons.
All components must be stirred in 10 liters of water and allowed to stand for about three hours.
This tool can be improved by adding lacto-and bifidobacteria to restore microflora and normal body function. For example, "Laktobifadol" or "Olin". In order to get as much nutrients as possible with the calf solution, electrolytes are mixed with hay decoction.
Features of electrolyte treatment
Before treating a calf with brine, several rules must be considered. The first is that it should not be mixed with milk, and the interval between feeding with colostrum and solution should be at least two hours. Secondly, when preparing the solution, dilute with 3-4 liters of water electrolytes, for calves, the rate of feeding is calculated - 1 liter of the finished product per 20 kg of weight. And thirdly, when treating with a solution, it is not recommended to give antibiotics to the animal, it is better to add vitamins A, C and D.
To stop diarrhea in calves at the initial stage, even one feed will be enough. Provided that milk feeding will be canceled completely.
To combat the described disease, there are folk methods, which we will consider in the article "What to do if the calf revolves: folk remedies."
It is important to prevent the spread of infection.
It is important to know what to do so that the infection does not spread. Remember a few rules that will help stop diarrhea and will not allow to kill livestock.
First you need to send the patient to a separate box and do not allow other calves to contact him. Vaccinate the entire maternity ward and disinfect the room well. In order for the next offspring to be healthy, invite a veterinarian to examine the queens. The sick calf should be in complete peace of mind, protect it from external irritants, create comfortable dim lighting and make sure that there is always drinking water nearby.
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