The disease, known as ringworm in cows, causes a lot of trouble not only to animals, but also to cattle owners. This disease belongs to infectious skin diseases and is rapidly transmitted to others. Not only cows can become infected, but also people. Therefore, in the event of the detection of suspicious symptoms, measures should be taken immediately to treat the animal. To recognize and cure the disease, you need to know the source of its occurrence and how to combat infection.
Unpleasant and dangerous symptoms
Trichophytosis in cattle occurs as a result of exposure to the fungus. In common parlance, the disease is called lichen. Spores of the fungus affect the skin, causing severe itching in a sick cow. A gray patina appears on the skin, wool falls and a crust forms. Often, the first signs are that of a cow on the head and quickly spread throughout the body.
Deprive the calves is fraught with even greater danger. If an infected cow becomes irritable, aggressive and rapidly losing weight, then in young stock, growth will be added to all this. Slow development adversely affects all characteristics of cattle health.
The calf will have an inadequate fertility function, and the cow that has grown out of it will not become a good producer of milk or meat. Therefore, the sooner treatment is started, the more favorable the result will be. But the best thing is not to wait for the arrival of the disease, but to vaccinate animals in advance.
Details from the life of pathogens
The spores of the fungus that causes trichophytosis are very tenacious. More than a year they can be in an active state, having settled down on the fallen away sites of a sick skin.
If they fall into a favorable environment, they will quickly begin to multiply. However, they can be destroyed by boiling contaminated clothing. In boiling water, they die in half an hour.
Depending on the type of pathogen that caused the cow’s lichen, there are several types of disease. Trichophytia cattle suffers most often. It is caused by spores of the fungus Trichophyton. Not so often microsporia occurs under the action of the same infection.
Among the available forms of lichen we distinguish four:
- vesicular (vesicular) - the inner surface of the thighs, perineum, and genitals are affected;
- deep (follicular) - especially often sick calves with a weak body.
The first two forms are considered lightweight. As a rule, adult cows fall ill with them. The veterinarian can deal with the exact diagnosis. He will determine the extent of the infection and recommend treatment.
Vaccinations are treated
It is difficult to treat the lichen in cows because of the high resistance of the fungus to the therapeutic drugs acting on it. Therefore, the process takes a lot of time.
The first thing to do is to separate healthy animals from infected ones in order to prevent the spread of infection throughout the herd.
Second, treat the stall in which the cow is located with one of the following drugs: formalin solution (5%), bleach solution (20%) or sulfur-carbol solution (5%). The emulsion prepared on the basis of 80 parts of water warmed to 60-70 degrees — 10 parts of kerosene and formalin — gives a good effect.
Vaccination against trichophytia is applied not only in the form of vaccine prophylaxis, but also for the treatment of livestock. Serum destroys the fungus and prevents its further spread. The most popular vaccines are TF-130, LTTP-130, TF-130k. The exact dosage will determine the veterinarian. But usually calves up to 4 months recommended prick one dose, diluted in 5 milliliters of solution at one time. Youngsters over 8 months old - twice as many. Two or three vaccinations should be performed at intervals of two weeks.
Proven ointment will help for sure
In addition to serum, local antifungals and keratolytic drugs are used to treat cows. The first ones kill the causative agents of the disease, and the second contribute to the rapid recovery of the skin. For example, the ointment "Yam Fungigak" and spray "Zoomicol" have proven themselves. Before applying to the skin, it is necessary to clean it from contamination and rinse with warm water. So the drug penetrates the tissue better.
In the treatment of cows, it is necessary to alternate antifungal and keratolytic agents, for example, every other day. After the disappearance of depriving, continue to apply the ointment for at least another three weeks. Perform any handling of the animal in protective clothing and gloves to protect yourself from infection.
Do not forget about the tools proven for decades. Long-known iodine and brilliant green, as well as salicylic acid and tar ointment, continue to help sick cows today. However, they are applied before you apply antifungal agents.
Effective dry method
In an infected animal, the immunity is weakened. To maintain the health of the cow and to achieve maximum effect during the treatment period, provide an enhanced diet with a full course of vitamins A, E, D.
In practice, coping well with the disease and folk remedies. There is a so-called dry method of treatment. The medicine consists of blue vitriol and sulfur in a ratio of 1 to 3. Other composition: 2 parts of lime and 1 part of sulfur. These powders can be easily prepared at home. Do not harm the cow and medicinal decoctions with the use of herbs - chicory, couch grass, dandelion, dymyanka leafy.
But remember, for each case of the disease different methods of treatment are prescribed, which depend on the severity of the disease and the age of the sick cow. It is best to use several types of medical therapy in the complex. This will speed recovery, and the disease will not cause significant damage to the cattle. As for milk, in vaccinated cows, it is fully suitable for consumption.
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