A normal rabbit gives birth 4-6 times a year, bringing up to 12 babies for each okol. The process of pregnancy and childbirth is characterized by some subtleties, which will be discussed in the article. Terms of gestation of cubs depend on the breed and are related to the season that fell during this period. The owner of the female provides comfortable conditions. At observance of a temperature mode, and also a sufficient amount of food and water, the rabbit produces a lot of milk, feeding which strengthens the immune system of babies.
Animals with high fertility
Rabbits are considered one of the most prolific mammals in the world. In the wild, they reach the age of puberty by 3 months. The little rabbit is ready to mate, barely gaining 2 kg of live weight. The process of suckling continues for 26-35 days. It directly depends on the number of future rabbits, the quality of food, temperature and the health of the female herself.
Young females bring 6-8 young, and the older animal - up to 10-12 young rabbits at a time.
Already the next day, the rabbit hoes who made the okol are again ready to mate, which is what happens in the wild. In a favorable climate, where the air temperature is consistently warm, and a sufficient amount of food, one female can give birth up to 9-10 times a year, bringing about 100 or more babies.
Considering that her young reach sexual maturity by 3-4 months, the total number of rabbits received from one initial female per year can be up to 600 individuals.
Breeding at home
In conditions of artificial breeding, the emphasis is more on quality, not quantity. Therefore, no self-respecting rabbit breeder will allow the rabbit births more often 5-6 times a year.
With this approach, the period of milk-feeding babies does not coincide with the sukroolnost females. Rabbits grow more healthy, less prone to gastrointestinal diseases, grow faster, gaining meat condition by 6-8 months (depending on the breed).
To obtain healthy offspring, it is recommended to allow adult females who have reached the age of 7-8 months to mate. They are fully formed and have a strong musculoskeletal system. The births of the rabbit of this age are easier, and the babies themselves are born without any defects.
Give the female about 3-4 weeks to feed the babies with milk. This will strengthen the immunity of baby rabbits, increase their resistance to disease.
When breeding rabbits of ornamental breeds, it is recommended to lengthen the process of keeping babies with their mother up to 6-7 weeks, and reduce the annual number of female adolescents to 3-4.
Methods of fertilization of rabbits
The process of mating rabbits is simple. To do this, you need to plant the female in a cage to the mature male and hold them together for 2-4 hours.
In summer, it is better to do this in the evening and morning hours, when it is not very hot. In winter, on the contrary, the best time for mating is 11.00-16.00, when the air temperature in the barn is as high as possible.
Then we will tell you what to do if after mating the fertilization of the rabbit did not happen. This sometimes happens, and the rabbit breeder should transplant the female in a cage to another male in a week.
Some farmers immediately transplant the female from the cage with one producer to another. If fertilization has occurred, then the rabbit will not allow another male to come along.
In winter, the period of sukrolnost lasts longer than in summer (up to 35 days). At this time, the female eats a lot and drinks water, the size of her belly increases, and her milk nipples swell.
Read more in the article "How much does a pregnant rabbit walk?"
Preparing the cage and the nest for okrol
Approximately 2 weeks before the intended consumption, the farmer must disinfect the room that contains the animals. The cage is cleared of old bedding and covered with fresh hay or sawdust. You can use well-dried moss, from which females like to fold a nest.
Make sure that the animal has free access to purified and disinfected water, which it will constantly drink.
Behavior rabbit before okolom very peculiar. It is absolutely impossible to frighten and enter into a stressful state. If the animal did not start to pluck fluff from the breast and cover the nest with it, then help should be done.
The bottom of the cage is strewn with plucked fluff, and the bunny herself lays it in the nest.
Do not forget when oshchipke fluff say sweet words to a rabbit and gently stroke it on the back of the head. Read more in the article "When the rabbit builds a nest."
It is strictly forbidden to enclose in the cage in which the rabbit, down of another animal gives birth.
Peculiarities of behavior of the rabbit rabbit
The approximation of rabbit around is very easy to determine. Already on the second day after mating, you can feel the rabbit's belly. If in the lower part seals of the size of a small cherry are sighted, which are arranged in two rows, this may indicate the formation of fertilized eggs.
The rabbit's behavior is gradually changing. She becomes anxious and restless. Can react aggressively to the approach of the owner and other animals.
In a rabbit food preferences change, and its actions are unpredictable. She becomes choosy in the choice of feed and can rake fresh hay in search of the most delicious plants.
The little bunny rabbit starts to gain weight quickly. At first it seems that she is just recovering. Only 1.5-2 weeks before going out, her belly begins to grow. This indicates the approximation of the circle and the approximate number of future rabbits.
Avoid stressful situations
Rabbit genera are greatly complicated if the animals are under stress. To prevent this from happening, surround the female with attention and care. It is necessary that food and fresh water be abundant in its cage.
It is strictly forbidden:
- use sources of bright light;
- make noises and allow sharp cries;
- Allow other pets, especially cats and dogs, in the cage.
If you want to get the female out of the cage, then gently take her withers, holding the other hand from the bottom.
Remember that animals do not tolerate drafts, direct light sources and abnormally high temperatures. In the summer heat, put a plastic bottle in the cage with ice.
In winter, make sure that the air temperature does not fall below 14-16 degrees Celsius. If necessary, install a heater near the cell with the woman for heating the air, but in no case do not allow it to drain.
Circle in the winter
The most healthy and resilient baby rabbits are born in the cool season. Around rabbit in winter is easier.
Cool air contributes to their hardening, and also reduces the sexual activity of females who pay more attention to offspring.
If the rabbit breeder does not install a cage with a mature male closer to 2 m to the rabbit, the vast majority of females behave calmly.
When the cages with animals are nearby, then depression can begin with the rabbit who has given birth. She becomes aggressive, loses her appetite and drinks little, scatters and bites her babies and can even stop feeding them with milk.
Some females in the heat of passion eat their offspring. They are not suitable for further breeding and should be discarded after gaining industrial weight. Giant rabbits and other varieties of meat breeds never eat their offspring.
What to do in such cases can be found in the article "Why does the rabbit throws or eats her bunnies."
How to choose a female for fertilization
Winter season has its own characteristics and is significantly different from the summer. Due to the lack of feed in the winter time, it does not make sense to get a large number of offspring and the farmer should place greater emphasis on the quality of offspring and the health of babies.
Winter ears better tolerate large females that have already passed several genera, as well as the sturdiest crawl producer.
After the rabbit has given birth, pay special attention to the number of working nipples. For better survival of the offspring, leave just as many healthy babies as there are working nipples in the female.
Some rabbit breeders believe that newborn rabbits in the winter should be left on one less number of nipples, believing that this ensures reliable feeding.
Do not forbid the female to eat the clan, but make sure that she does not allow aggression in relation to the babies and let them go to her chest.
In winter, the animal is better to overfeed than underfeed, so make sure that the cage always has fresh hay and feed, as well as heated and purified water.
Summer okrol females
In the summer, childbirth of the rabbit is somewhat more complicated, the reason is that excessively high temperatures. The heat acts depressingly on animals, so even for mating it is preferable to have morning and evening hours.
Most often, childbirth takes place in the evening and at night, when the heat subsides, and the bunny feels comfortable.
Make sure that in the cage where the pregnant female is contained, there is not much fluff. If the nest is very hot, then the babies will begin to crawl. They can be injured and even die as a result of subsequent hypothermia.
Let's give the rabbit more green grass that stimulates milk production.
Some rabbit farmers who are professionally involved in the breeding industry specially manufacture insulating cells that maintain a constant temperature.
Regardless of when and how rabbits give birth, animals feel comfortable, females recover quickly after being around, and rabbits grow strong and healthy.
Care for rabbits after childbirth
Some farmers from the southern regions of the country prefer to keep rabbits in the winter outside, but it is better not to.
Rabbits can withstand temperatures from -30 to +30 degrees Celsius, but for kids, even +24 degrees can become critical and lead to death.
Under favorable conditions, the birth of baby rabbits passes without complications. The appearance of each baby takes about 10 minutes, since they come out alternately from each horn of the uterus.
Immediately after around the rabbit eats the last. This is normal and do not stop her from doing so.
If there is not enough water in the cell or childbirth is difficult, the woman enters into a state of stress, begins to bite and can eat offspring. Take emergency measures to protect babies. In this situation, you can separate the rabbits from her or send the female to mate again, after which she calms down.
If this does not help, it is necessary to separate it from the mother liquor and allow it to reach the babies only for the feeding period.
Do not forget to feed her with fresh vegetables, green and juicy grass, and also feed her with milk. Preferably goat, which in fat content is most similar to rabbit.
Proper care for baby rabbits
Carefully inspect the nest and remove the stillborn and defective babies from it. Do not let the rabbit eat them.
Be sure to plant babies to the breast of the mother, who in the first hours after birth produces colostrum. Eating this product strengthens the immunity of the little ones, allowing them to grow quickly and be resistant to the causative agents of various infections.
If the woman refused to feed the offspring, then use for this special milk formula, as well as fresh goat milk.
Remember that cow’s milk is not chemically suitable for rabbits. It can cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal blockage and bloating. Without timely treatment, this will lead to the death of an adult animal, and rabbits die unambiguously.
Read more in the article "All about newborn rabbits."
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