There are many tools from ticks for cows. And each owner must understand what action they have and how to apply them. The lives of farmers with cattle cannot be called easy: early ascents, vigorous physical work and, of course, animal care. With the advent of heat, each year promises additional problems: cows must be protected from blood-sucking insects. Today we talk about the methods of prevention of bites.
Why prevention is important
It's no secret that ticks are carriers of various diseases. Those that sit on cows are divided into several species and are able to infect an animal with piroplasmosis, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, scabies. And also can cause demodicosis. We will tell you about the possible consequences of a bite in the following article: “What to do if a tick bites a cow: psoroptes of cattle and other consequences”, and now about precautionary measures.
Funds from ticks for cows are of two types:
- scaring off (or repellent preparations);
- killing (or insecticides).
Virtually all drugs that can be purchased in veterinary pharmacies are killing means, less often - they belong to the first type of protection. Scaring off - it is mainly popular methods of dealing with ticks.
Even before the emergence of such a large assortment of drugs, people understood that treating cows from parasites is simply necessary. Even now, very many pet owners actively use domestic methods, because a pharmacy is not always nearby, and funds are not always affordable.
What can be used:
- A solution of tar with vegetable oil in a ratio of 1:10. The cow needs to be smeared, not rubbing the product into the skin, and not to cover it with the solution completely, but apply with strips. For convenience, you can use a bunch of feathers.
- Used engine oil (mining), diesel fuel. Particular attention should be paid to the armpits, abdomen (navel) and lower part of the neck, as well as to treat the area around the udder, tail, back and head (near the horns).
- A solution of vegetable oil and shampoo in a ratio of 2: 1.
- Infusions of herbs that have a strong, pungent odor, such as wormwood, mint, tansy.
It can not be said that the fight against ticks by national methods is ineffective. The only thing to be remembered is that livestock processing will have to be done at frequent intervals, since these methods are of a short-term nature.
Important: animals need treatment throughout the entire period of tick activity, i.e. at the end of March - April, July - early August, and also in autumn: in September - October.
What pharmacies offer us
To date, there are quite a lot of tools that help in the protection of cattle from blood-sucking insects. Consider the most popular ones.
"Bayoflay pur-one" is an antiparasitic drug, which is a clear oily liquid. The peculiarity of the application lies in the fact that it cannot be applied to the damaged, damp, dirty skin of an animal. Also, it cannot be used for cows whose weight is less than 300 kg (calves). Method of application - spot (droplet): 10 ml is distributed evenly from withers to tail. The manufacturer promises that cow ticks should not appear within 28 days.
The processing of cattle is made by 7.5% dustom sevin in winter, i.e. from October to April, once a month.
Aerosols: "Alezan", "Centaur", "Oscarep" and others. In fact, there are so many of them, but the action of all is short-lived: 1 - 2 days. Sprayed directly on the skin of the animal. Aerosols can be used to treat the room, but more on that below.
"Entomozan-S" is diluted in the following proportion: 2 ml of product per 1 l of water. For ease of application, you can use the spray. It is applied from one to three times a day (until the extermination of parasites).
Chlorophos is used for spraying cattle in the form of a solution of 1-2% concentration of the active substance (read the instructions carefully). Treatment should be done 1 time per week.
"Proteid" helps get rid of ticks in case of defeat. It is applied by weekly bathing in the baths until complete elimination of the blood-sucking insects. Next - once every two weeks. Proportions: 1 liter of drug per 1000 l of water.
What areas are most often attacked
To know how to protect an animal from blood-sucking insects, you must remember which areas of the body are most often attacked.
Blood-sucking insects choose from cows the most delicate places with a minimum amount of wool. Most often, ticks are difficult to spot on the human eye, however, you need to know where to look.
Particular attention should be paid to the udder area, perineum and limbs, abdomen (especially the navel), underarm areas, growth of horns and tail - all these are the most common places for tick mites in cattle.
Preventive treatment of the animal must be carried out primarily in these areas.
We process cowsheds
Acaricidal treatment of barns is one of the conditions for achieving the best effect in the fight against parasites. It is carried out through the use of aerosols and water-soluble drugs. Conveniently, you can use the same tools as for processing cows.
Special attention should be paid to cracks in the walls and feeders. First of all, it is necessary to clean the room from manure and only after that spray acaricides, for example, chlorophos (1.5% solution of an active substance). Approximate consumption: 2 liters of liquid per 10 m2 area. Spraying is performed in a ventilated room, after which the windows and doors are closed and left for 2-3 hours. The treated cowshed is first thoroughly ventilated, and only after airing the cattle are started inside.
Prevention of tick control in cattle should be comprehensive, i.e. not only the animal itself is treated, but also the room in which it lives. Actions are performed systematically: both in spring and summer, and in autumn and winter.
Now you know how to deal with ticks, but perhaps you have your own ways and experiences? Then share them in the comments.
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