In this article we will explain why a cow is lame. Cattle (cattle) is under threat of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Due to the overcoming of huge distances on pastures, the legs of cows are under tremendous pressure. As a result, in the absence of proper care for the animal, you may notice that he has a slight limp. Even a minor defect in the steps of your Dawn can affect its health, behavior and milk yield. How to avoid such diseases, you will learn from our article.
How to determine the presence of lameness
The most effective, and at the same time ancient, method of determining lameness in cows is to observe their movement. In general, cow's limp is divided into several stages depending on the complexity of the disease. So, deviations from the norm, the degree and severity of the disease can be identified by some signs.
A mild degree is when the animal limps a little. Keep your back straight just standing still. While walking, he takes shorter steps, while his back is bent. Does not focus on any limb.
Moderate lameness is considered if the cow gets up and walks with a curved back. It takes short steps. Trying to minimize the load on the foot. When the body weight is shifted to the affected area, it may tilt the head down.
If the lameness is strong, then the movements of the cow become constrained and indecisive. She stands and moves with a curved back. Trying not to load the injured leg. Often stops. Possible weight loss, increased salivation.
With an extreme degree of lameness, the back of a cow is constantly curved. She has no opportunity to move and does not give a load to her leg at all.
Most common diseases
The number of diseases foreshadowed by lameness is very high. Their symptoms are also varied. But the most common illnesses that lameness can cause are bursitis, dermatitis, arthrosis, arthritis, laminitis, erosion, and ulcers that occur on the sole of the hoof. Frequent ordinary sprains, sprains and joints. Various inflammations and displacements of bones as a result of careless actions of your burenk are not excluded.
But whatever the reason, it is impossible to make a diagnosis and treat an animal on your own, you need to turn to a professional veterinarian. We should not forget that such problems can be dangerous for calves. Particularly high probability of sprains and sprains due to the violent temperament of the calf.
Will help bedding and footbaths
If the cow is lame, the veterinarian prescribes the treatment itself and the terms of the rehabilitation. But the prevention and care of your pet is completely the responsibility of the owner.
Proper care for a cow now is health and good milk yield in the future.
During treatment, it is necessary to create conditions that prevent the aggravation of the disease. For example, infectious diseases can be easily controlled using dry bedding under your cow’s hooves and baths to keep your feet clean. Calm and proper feeding, filled with vitamins and microelements, will also contribute to a speedy recovery. Keep track of the moisture balance of the hooves, especially for the hind limbs. And never ignore any deviations in the behavior of cows.
The best way to prevent a disease is prevention. In our case, preventive actions will be:
- timely change of litter;
- normal hoof moisture level;
- the presence of a flat, comfortable and not too hard floor surface (in this sense, rubber mats are ideal);
- For less chance of getting bursitis (inflammation in the joint area), use foods filled with various micro and macro elements.
- make hoof baths (for example, a solution of 10% zinc sulfate once every 7-10 days, a 5% formalin solution can do a good job);
- provide a spacious corral.
But what if the cow is already limping on the front foot? First of all, to inspect the hoof, perhaps something got there. If the joint on the leg is swollen, then this is another reason, and the cow should be shown to the veterinarian. To alleviate the condition of the animal in case of injury, bandage the leg, apply ichthyol ointment and inject trauma.
About hooves say a word
Another important element of prevention will be monitoring the condition, shape and cleanliness of the hoof. This hard part of a cow’s body consists of living tissue, in which there are capillaries and vessels. Therefore, hooves tend to deform. As a result, there are many diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system.
In order to avoid such consequences, the claw of the hoof should be cut or eaten away. But this should be done carefully, as you can harm the animal. In addition, it is worth cleaning the walls between the hooves.
Due to improper support of the foot bursitis may come to the surface. In particular, it occurs around the joint on the wrist, while the skin may harden. At the initial stages, these formations do not pose a big threat. But if this process is started, the cow can be safely sent for slaughter.
Bursitis, accompanied by inflammation, most often occurs as a result of mechanical effects on the limbs of a cow. But it happens that the cause is infection. For example, if in a stall sanitary norms are not observed.
Non-observance of the elementary actions listed above can turn around badly:
- high costs of medical care;
- reduced yields;
- animal weight loss;
- high risk of sending a cow for slaughter.
As we can see, for a cow to just start limping is already a disturbing bell. Bursitis and other diseases await at every turn. And the treatment of joints and tendons is quite problematic. It is because of these diseases, most farmers suffer heavy losses. So take care of the health of your animal, take care of it. After all, the best pill against all diseases - prevention. And then housekeeping will begin to bear you fruit, and all efforts will be justified by the result.
And how do you care about the health of your cow, share tips in the comments under the article.
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