A peroed is a small parasite that is no larger than 2 millimeters in size, but it gives the bird terrible inconvenience and discomfort. A peroed in hens eats upper feathers and down, and also claws on skin. From this birds often completely lose their plumage. If your hens itch and literally tear out their feathers, this is a disturbing sign that this parasite might have attacked them.
Such a parasite as a puff-eating in domestic chickens is very common. Birds that spend a long time in a closed room are particularly susceptible to it. Whole insect colonies can live on one individual, for example, up to ten thousand. They hit the back and wings area the most.
In the early stages of infection, an important symptom is the constant shuffling of its feathers by the chicken. Thus, the bird tries to get rid of parasites that cause severe itching. When their number is large, chickens often rip their feathers out of horrible discomfort.
Peroed - resistant to temperature extremes and very tenacious. Even being very long without food, the parasite keeps its vital activity well. That is why insect colonies can live not only on the body of the bird, but also in the litter, on the inventory, in wooden poles. It is transmitted most often from touching an infected individual, as well as through inventory.
The danger of this parasite is not only that it deprives the chicken of feathers and it can freeze in winter, but also in slowing down all the parameters of vital activity. So, during the invasion of a louse, chickens stop to rush, they have no appetite, the growth of fluff and new feathers slows down. The parasite is especially dangerous in the fall, since by winter most of the affected feathers do not have time to grow, and the birds are freezing.
What does the peroed look like?
This insect is very similar in appearance to ordinary lice, but the problems are much more numerous. They have a light brown or yellow body, slightly flattened and elongated. On the paws there are two sharp claws, with which they catch on the feathers and skin of birds. Besides the fact that parasites damage feathers very much, they also dramatically deplete the body of chickens. This is due to constant discomfort, nervousness of the birds and lack of appetite.Appearance peroed chickens
- As we have said, one of the very first reasons for the appearance of a peroed is a cramped room where chickens spend most of their time.
- Also provoke the spread of insects can poor hygienic conditions, as well as violation of sanitary norms. Cleanliness, order and preventive disinfection will help to protect the hens not only from viruses and bacteria, but also from other external parasites.
- Also, the cause of the peroedal attack can be the absence of a trough with wood ash and with a shell or chalk in the hen house.
Methods of struggle
As soon as you find that some of your layers have a perojed on their body, they should be immediately set aside from still healthy uninfected individuals and begin treatment. The fact is that these insects spread very quickly throughout the room and attack all birds. At the same time for the parasite no matter what kind of chicken and how old she is. They affect both young laying hens and adults.
Your second action is the thorough disinfection of the whole house. To do this, we temporarily flock a flock of chickens in another suitable room or summer aviary, and we process all of them with special disinfectants. The hens themselves were previously treated with dichlorvos, but this, as you understand, is very harmful. Therefore, today they use safer, but also effective means. For example, all chickens are sprayed with 2% oxalate emulsion at the rate of 30 ml per individual.
There is another very effective folk method - sand-ash baths. Previously, when the chemical industry was not so developed, all the owners saved their poultry only in this old-fashioned way. Chickens love to spend their free time swimming in these baths. They flounder, tumble, trying as much as possible to "dust" their feathers.
The fact is that sand and ash create a special layer on the feather coating of birds. This helps protect the down from the feathers, and also helps to get rid of the living parasites on the body.As practice shows, only four times the regular taking of such baths helps chickens to completely get rid of insects. For the preparation of a therapeutic bath, one should take sifted river sand in equal parts and mix with ordinary wood ash. The layer should be at least 20 centimeters. Make sure that the sand troughs are dry and are always on the bird walk area or in the house itself.