For any poultry breeder, first of all it is important how much meat she can give. Any kind of bird is good in its own way, but it is precisely the Kholmogory geese that are considered to be bird classics of any farmstead.
The first mention is dated 1885. It was then that the Kholmogory breed of geese was singled out into a specific type of economic bird. It was obtained by crossing the Arzamaz and Chinese geese. Based on the "pure" breed, several branches were bred, but over time they were lost. The Kholmogorsky goose is considered to be the representative of one of the oldest Russian breeds.
You can learn Kholmogorsky by a characteristic beard at the bottom of the beak, in addition, there is a crook on the upper part of it. Wings can be distinguished by feather dangers. This is a distinctive feature of Tula geese who participated in the creation of the offspring of this breed. Another line: geese with a shorter beak of a dark color. They are usually mixed with the blood of Chinese and gray geese.
According to their color, Kholmogory geese are divided into white, gray, pinto with a gray tint. The orange color of the legs and beak, the long neck are classic signs of such a goose. The body is large, with a wide, strong chest, on the abdomen there is a pair of fat folds, which is clearly seen in the photo. Already at the age of half a year, the binnacle lump grows and becomes noticeable, reaching the largest size by 4-5 years of poultry.
The goose of this species perfectly adapts to any temperature of the environment, therefore it is bred both in the southern and in the northern regions of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic states. With good care, Kholmogory can live up to 17 years, which makes it possible to call it a long-liver. Mature bird becomes the third year. Then the females begin to lay eggs, 80% of which are fertilized. The weight of an adult can reach up to 12 kg.
One goose blows about 30 eggs a year, so egg production in this breed is very moderate. By the way, goose eggs for their nutritional qualities are very useful, but they are not recommended to eat a lot.
Conditions of detention
The best material for the goose is wood. The inner walls are covered with a special coating that does not allow the geese to pick out tow or foam rubber used for warming. The floor in the goose should also be wooden, covered with hay, sawdust, straw. Super warm bedding birds do not need, as they tolerate the cold perfectly.
Build a room on a hill, in a place where there will be no draft and from where water will not get inside. The Kholmogory geese, although unpretentious, are very fond of dryness and comfort, in such conditions they grow and reproduce better. From drafts, they will certainly get sick or will gain weight poorly.
On a square meter, two adults can easily fit. These birds love to walk in groups and need a lot of contact. The free-standing place they should also be comfortable, clean, always with a water source. It is advisable to equip the birds at least a small pond. For walking on each bird will need at least 5 square meters.
Kholmogorsky geese perfectly eat any standard compound feed, grain, different animal feeds. In winter, supplemental feeding with vitamins, various types of bran. Chicks are fed often and high-quality food, as well as adult birds. Strictly speaking, the fresher and better the feed is, the healthier the bird will be as a result. And this means that weight gain will go very well.
Individual weight gain is even given on grass and millet nutrition. In the warm season, birds are released for grazing twice a day, slightly feeding with loose peas (optional). Experience gusevodov confirms that this bird - just a record holder for weight gain and just a contact, friendly, active creature. You can see them in more detail in our video and in the photo.