Such a dangerous disease like salmonellosis is found in both wild and domestic birds. It is caused by the salmonella bacillus, which only slightly survives in an alkaline environment, but it can stay on the shell of eggs and in water for a long time. Consider pigeon salmonellosis, treatment and symptoms.
What are the symptoms of the disease?
Salmonella infection often affects pigeons and often causes the loss of a large number of birds. It is worth noting that both wild and domestic birds suffer from salmonellosis, however, among the wild death is less common.
Of course, one of the most important causes of the disease is non-compliance with hygiene. Also carriers can be other birds, rats and some insects. Lack of food, dirty water, weak immunity - all this only contributes to the possibility of infection. Most often, the disease affects the young. In order to properly treat, and most importantly prevent the spread of the disease throughout the house, you need to know its symptoms.
So, pigeon salmonellosis occurs in several forms: latent and overt. In the latter case, most often the bird loses its appetite, has a disheveled appearance, exhibits strong thirst, and diarrhea appears. In this form, without a strong and timely treatment, the individual dies in a half to two months. The hidden form is cunning, pigeons have no signs of infection, but they are carriers.
The difficulty and danger of salmonellosis lies in the fact that the disease affects the internal organs: lungs, liver, intestines, brain. Juveniles lay unfertilized eggs or with a defective embryo. Also, with the obvious form of the disease, pigeons stop flying, sit in one place.
Another important detail - salmonellosis is transmitted through the eggs, so very often the chicks hatch already sick. They usually die at the age of 14 days.
Form of the disease
As we have said, salmonellosis is dangerous because it affects the internal organs. Depending on this, there are several additional forms of illness. For example, the most common are the intestinal and nervous form.
Intestinal, as a rule, always proceeds very acutely and quickly becomes chronic. At this time, the bird has a constant diarrhea, bile discharge, there is apathy and poor appetite. Still very often the infection affects the joints of the bird. This is most often observed after the pigeon has already had Salmonella. The joint capsule increases in volume, fluid collects in it, and the bird loses the ability not only to fly, but sometimes to walk. When this form of the disease is acute, even paralysis and spasms of the limbs can be observed.
The nervous form is accompanied by cramps all over the body and occurs as a result of a long illness. Most often in such a situation the bird dies. She rolls onto her back or side and throws her head back to the top. However, thanks to modern medicine, this form of salmonellosis is already quite rare.
How to cure salmonellosis in pigeons?
So, as soon as you determine the extent and form of the disease with your own help or with the help of a veterinarian, you should immediately start treating salmonellosis in pigeons. Today there are already quite a lot of drugs that quickly destroy the infection. Most often, birds are prescribed ampicillin, chloramphenicol, baytril, enroflon and other medicines from leading European companies. However, only the drug treatment itself is not enough; a number of measures should be taken to prevent the spread of the disease to other individuals.
- First of all, the house should be cleaned and disinfected.
- See all pigeons, provide them with abundant drink and good nutrition.
- Prevention measures.
As experts say, any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Fortunately, in this case also has its own measures:
- good food pigeons;
- carrying out all necessary sanitary and hygienic measures, cleaning, disinfection of the house, good ventilation;
- fight with mice and rats, which are often climbed in the dovecote in search of grain;
- timely testing of birds - twice a year before mating, bacteriological laboratory analysis of salmonellosis droppings should be performed;
- the use of natural dietary supplements to maintain good immunity and microflora, for example, to give yeast, apple cider vinegar;
- drug prophylaxis in the most difficult periods - before moulting you can give a weak antibiotics;
Today, European live vaccines, such as Salmo PT and Chevivac-S, have recommended themselves best of all. Birds tolerate them well and have no side effects. Unlike other cheaper options, these vaccines do not destroy the beneficial microflora, do not lower immunity, and do not prevent the egg-laying of females.
Young pigeons should be vaccinated against salmonellosis for the first time at the age of 8-10 weeks, two weeks after the vaccination against the cone. Then, to adults, birds are already given it once a year, also after vaccination from the waggler. This is approximately the end of November - the beginning of December.