Many newbies can say that a duck drake, that is, a male, is practically no different from a female. It is especially difficult to distinguish them at a young age. However, it seems so only at first glance. People who breed and grow birds can quickly and accurately tell where he is and where she is. Let's find out their secret together.
The first and most important feature of the duck and duck is a brighter and more elegant plumage. Of course, the coloring depends on the breed and species of duck. For example, in wild ducks the plumage of males has more pronounced dark shades, a black head or wings, a dark upper body. In females, the plumage is less elegant, more subdued and light shades prevail. Comparison of ducks look at the photo.
Also, apart from the color of feathers, the distinctive features include elongated feathers on the neck, impressive tufts, beard, beak color and shape, body size. This is all about wild ducks. Well, how to distinguish the male and female from domestic birds, because most domestic ducks are white in color ?! Here it is true that the drake, that the ukica have no obvious external differences. Therefore, in this case, use other distinctive features.
The first is body size.Like most birds and animals, the male duck has a larger build. For example, musk duck drake can weigh up to 5 kilograms, while the female can weigh no more than 3 kilograms. The males also have a larger head, wider back, muscular legs, stronger and wider neck. This is clearly seen in the photo.
Another way to find out the sex of a poultry is to listen to its voice. As a rule, ducks emit a grunt, fervent, slightly nervous cry, but the drake, on the contrary, is more shy in its emotions. Most often, the male does not quack, but only hisses or makes a little whistling sound.
How to distinguish ducklings?
In wild and domestic ducks, all sexual signs appear only after 2-3 months. But what about earlier if you need to select the females from the males? In this case, a few more secrets may come to the aid of the host. The first is also some external differences. Already at a week-old, the drakes have a thicker and longer neck, as well as a large head.
If this method does not help, you can look under the tail of the duck. Unlike all other types of poultry, drakes have one striking feature - pseudopenis. At a certain position of the cloaca, it can be issued outside, which will help to understand the sex of the bird. To see it, you need to stretch the anus a little with both hands, then move the edge of the cloaca up with your thumb. There should be some kind of fold about 3-4 millimeters.
Also, in order to check the drake, it is enough to raise the tail up towards the back. In such cases, the male genital organ becomes well visible. If there are no signs of pseudopenis, then you have a duck.
What else is worth knowing?
So, we considered the main and most obvious differences between ducks of drakes and females. But there are still some less significant ones that you should also know:
- the head of females in profile is rounded, but in males it is oblong;
- in male ducks, feathers on the tail form a kind of ring, which the duck does not have;
- in flight, the drake tries to keep a little behind the female;
- The neck of the duck is sleeker and has a more pronounced bend, whereas in the male it is straight and wide.
These are, perhaps, all signs that can distinguish birds of different sexes. We hope that in the future you will no longer have problems in this matter.