The peacocks have such a beautiful plumage that it sometimes takes our breath away. Today these birds are bred and raised exclusively for beauty. It is very annoying and unpleasant when they fall ill and even worse when they die. After all, how difficult it is to part with such a beautiful creature! Consider the disease of peacocks and their treatment in order to better preserve the health of these birds and admire their perfection.
What diseases do peacocks suffer from?
In order to successfully maintain peacocks, you need not only to create comfortable living conditions for them, but also to take care of their health. Like any poultry, they are susceptible to various viruses and sores. Domestic birds of paradise are not only susceptible to infections of wild relatives, but also suffer from all the known diseases of the bird yard. As in all other cases, all diseases are divided into three groups:
- caused by parasites.
Very often, not only the simplest microorganisms become the cause of peacock diseases, but also poor care, vitamin deficiencies, and poor nutrition. Peacocks, like no other bird, is very susceptible to tumors. But the greatest harm is brought, of course, by infectious diseases, which require immediate medical attention and may be the cause of the death of the whole herd. For example, such diseases include:
- bird flu;
- infectious paralysis;
- Newcastle disease;
- Marek's disease;
- typhoid fever;
- plague and many others.
Among non-communicable diseases peacocks are prone to lipomas, eczema, paralysis, inflammatory processes, and so on. Parasitic diseases are most often transmitted from other poultry, so peacocks should be kept separate.
When the first symptoms are found, the bird needs to be transplanted from the rest of the group, observe and make a diagnosis. If the disease is unknown, be sure to show the peacock to the veterinarian. As a rule, loss of feathers and lack of appetite can talk about many diseases, so most often need the help of a qualified specialist.
Compared to other decorative birds, peacocks have a very weak immune system, so even the most insignificant disease manifests itself sharply and quickly. Many of the non-contagious occur in a long chronic form. We will consider the most common.
Dermatitis or skin inflammation
This disease is most often associated with improper poultry housing conditions and causes severe discomfort in birds. Damage to the skin under the wings, around the neck and around the tail is especially dangerous. Here, experiencing severe itching, the bird can pluck feathers to the blood, thereby producing an infection. Viruses such as colibacillosis and staphylococcus cause dermatitis.
Another disease associated with the skin of the bird. In this case, peacocks scabies affects the entire body, capturing the beak and eyes. Severe stages of the disease lead to baldness of the head and other parts of the body.
As we have said, tumors are one of the most frequent afflictions of peacocks. Most often, the owners find compacted tissue on the limbs and chest of their birds. This is due primarily to unsuccessful flights and landings of birds. All tumors develop for a long time and slowly show their symptoms. This is their main problem. Upon reaching a large size and creating discomfort, the peacocks begin to peck at them. Internal tumors squeeze organs and tissues.
Inflammation of the sole of the paws
Another common problem is if they spend most of their time on hard ground or asphalt. At the same time, in addition to swelling and pain, the bird experiences bleeding and swelling of the paws.
Such a disease often overcomes domestic peacocks. Often this is due to improper feeding and poultry care, as well as as a result of various infections, strikes, injuries and damage to the nervous system. It is very bad and almost critical if the bird has both limbs damaged. In this case, she can not move, sit on a perch, lies or falls.
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa or, as they say, runny nose occurs quite often. Birds are sensitive and susceptible to cold and damp. Often the disease is accompanied by the flow of secretions from the nasal passages, sneezing, head-waving, swelling. The reason - the common cold, irritation of the mucous dust or gases. Also, a runny nose is often the result of an infectious disease.
It occurs not only in domestic birds, but also in peacocks, which are kept in captivity. It is particularly dangerous due to the fact that it affects all internal organs. Most often occurs when peacocks are fed a large number of animal feed. Gout can also occur from bird seeding and from tight spaces.
This, of course, is far from the entire list of ailments that can affect peacocks. You can learn about some of them from our previous articles, since the same diseases affect many types of poultry.
Video "Live house about peacocks"
In this program, you can see how the birds of paradise live in a private household and can find out in what conditions they should be kept for a healthy and strong brood.