Home breeding rabbits in the pits is considered the most comfortable for animals. This is explained by the fact that in the natural environment the animals live in burrows. Given the experience of rabbit breeders with experience, we can confidently say that technology is one of the most suitable for growing eared houses. This article will talk about the key features of this method, as well as how to make a hole on your own. Consider what kind of soil is suitable for arrangement, and what is not.
Key features of the method
When the content of rabbits in the pit technology is aimed primarily at increasing the endurance of animals. When using other breeding systems, for example, cell or shed, despite timely vaccination and proper care, the death of animals is not excluded for one reason or another. By returning Ushastik in natural conditions for them, it is possible to increase resistance to epidemics and infections.
The content of rabbits in the pits implies an increased physical activity of the animals. Eared move more, dig holes. Due to this, they multiply more actively and have an increased appetite, which allows increasing the number of eared birds and achieving rapid growth of the young.
In addition, based on the experience of farmers, we can say that when breeding rodents in the pits, they improve the taste characteristics of meat.
Pit method involves arranging for the deepening of a suitable size, launching breeding individuals, timely feeding and catching animals. At first glance, this method is the easiest and most convenient for raising eared animals in the home.
But the content of rabbits in the pit has both advantages and disadvantages. That is what we will discuss next.
Advantages of the method
First, we define the advantages of the breeding rabbits. Beginner krolikovodov method attracts minimal financial costs. In fact, the costs will be associated only with the purchase of breeding rabbits and the purchase of food for them.
The pit for rabbits allows you to save money, space and time. In a standard pit of 2x2 m, a herd of about 200 heads is comfortably placed. At the same time, maintenance of the pit is much simpler and easier in comparison with other methods.
Reproduction with pit breeding rabbits in burrows is much more active. In these animals, when placed in conditions as close to natural as possible, sexual desire increases, and an increase in livestock occurs in record time. Krolchikham in the pit is much easier to implement the maternal instinct, so the survival of the offspring is high.
In addition, raising rabbits in this way is especially beneficial if the goal is to get high-quality meat.
It's time to talk about the difficulties you will encounter when deciding to breed rabbits in a hole. The main disadvantages include:
- the complexity of the vaccination of animals (because of this increases the risk of infection and the entire herd);
- the owner cannot determine the number of rabbits in the farm;
- it is impossible to control the process of affliction, which leads to incest (this becomes the cause of chopping of the livestock);
- this way you can not grow giant breeds;
- Ushastik wildly wild, catching over time becomes more difficult;
- it is impossible to control the condition of rabbits and timely isolate individuals with signs of disease.
In burrows do not grow skin and meat-skin breeds - when animals move along earthen passages, the fur is rubbed off and loses quality. About which rulers should be preferred, when grown by pit technology, we will talk in more detail a little lower.
It is easier and less expensive to keep rabbits by the pit method, but at the same time the risks of death of the tribe increase. Therefore, before making a choice in favor of this method, it is necessary to weigh all the pros and cons.
Where to start
Start breeding is to determine the location of the future pit for rabbits. The optimal soil is clay or a mixture of clay and black soil. If the soil is sandy, the risk of spontaneous crashes leading to the death of animals increases. But the rocks are also not suitable - the animals will be extremely difficult to dig holes in them.
It is necessary to take into account the depth of groundwater. If located close, then burrows will flood. In addition, rabbits, feeling the proximity of water, will change the direction of digging holes, making them horizontal and directed to the surface. As a result, the mass escape of the eared ones cannot be avoided.
Another unsuitable option for arranging the pit is a slope. Given that the average length of the rabbit hole is 15 m, it is logical that the elevation will be dug through.
Another sign of unsuitable places is the degree of soil freezing. You can find the indicator in the regional directories. Rabbits can not be in a negative temperature for long periods and simply die. In this case, it is not a certain type of soil that is appropriate, but the climatic features of the region.
Choose a breed
There are certain requirements for the very breed of rabbits, the cultivation of which is planned in the pit. Immediately you should abandon the hybrids and other complex lines that require increased attention to the breeder. The best option is a domestic breed adapted to living in certain climatic conditions.
If you try to create a rating of the most suitable breeds for the pit mode of cultivation, then Rex and the Burgundian rabbit will fall into its table of contents. They are resistant to freezing temperatures and have good immunity.
The description of the breed Soviet chinchilla also indicates the adaptability of its representatives to negative temperatures, but given the large size of adults, you should not stop the choice on this line.
You can seek advice from more experienced breeders who live in your area and practice this method of breeding rabbits. Those farmers who have encountered a pit in their own practice will definitely be able to share useful information.
How to equip
Each owner digs and equips a pit for rabbits according to his own scheme. There are no clear instructions on this. We will focus on the main points.
To equip a pit for rabbits with your own hands will need the following materials - slate or boards, metal mesh, cages, feeders.
The work process itself consists of the following steps:
- first they make a dimple of 3x3 m, a depth of 2.5 m (given the large dimensions of the pit, if possible, you can use the technique);
- the bottom is covered with a metal grid, which will prevent the digging of additional holes and facilitate the cleaning of the pit;
- side walls can be further strengthened with slate or boards, in order to prevent arbitrary collapses of the soil;
- rabbits should be installed along one of the walls - they will serve both as additional feeders and for catching animals;
- feeders are installed perpendicular to the cells on the wall - separately for each type of food, as well as feeders;
- on a free wall, at a height of about 10 cm from the bottom, we make small indentations that will serve as peculiar beacons for animals - continuing them, rabbits will dig burrows.
The bottom of the pit, covered with a net, is necessarily filled with sand - the layer thickness is about 20 cm. Straw or other type of litter is placed on top. Such an approach will not only facilitate the cleaning of the place where the ears are kept, but also protect their paws from injuries on the metal mesh.
You can not leave the pit completely open - rabbits need additional protection from predators, bad weather and scorching sunlight. Therefore, a canopy is built on top, without fail, the entrance to which is located on the opposite side from the location of the holes.
The rules of settlement
You can not rabbits grown in cages, just translate into a hole - it will be a huge stress for animals. For breeding livestock selected young individuals aged 4-5 months. If there is an opportunity, you need to buy breeding males and females from breeders who practice exactly the pit breeding method. Such eared birds are most adapted to living in burrows.
Run rabbits at the rate of 5-7 females per male. At first, fights are not excluded - this is a completely normal process, which is explained by the division of the territory. Over time, the fights will disappear.
Before running in the pit, rabbits need to be given all the necessary vaccinations. In addition, in order to prevent, you can give a course of antibiotic. This will help to avoid colds associated with a sharp change in the microclimate.
The best time for settling the pit is the second half of spring, when it was already around the clock the positive air temperature outside.
How to protect from cold
Rabbits in a pit in winter can suffer from cold; this can cause a case of death. To avoid the negative effects of negative temperatures, the canopy is warmed with any available materials - mineral wool, foam, straw or corn stalks.
Breeding rabbits in the pit forces you to take care of ventilation - the lack of fresh air is no less detrimental to rabbits than frost.
You can install additional lighting in the pit using lamps that heat the air well. Well proven in this case, and special drinkers with heating.
Comfortable air temperature for a rabbit in a hole is 15-18 degrees Celsius. Therefore, in the pit room thermometer should not fall below +10. In regions with severe winters, it is better to transfer animals to a warm room for this period.
For more information on how to protect eared birds from the winter cold, read the article "Is it possible to keep rabbits on the street in winter?"
Burrowing is a very natural process for eared fish. But in rabbits, several generations of which were kept in cages, this instinct can "fall asleep." In this case, the main task of the breeder is to wake him up.
The easiest way is to purchase a couple of rabbits raised in a burrow. Experienced individuals will start digging their way, and the rest of the herd will follow their example. Experienced "shrews" can even be rented for a short period from a familiar farmer.
If there is no opportunity to take experienced shrews, then you need to try to dig a hole for eared ones with your own hands. To do this, dig a hole in the wall of the pit with a shovel. In order to strengthen the walls, you can make the lining with a log of a suitable size. Just pick up a wooden blank of a suitable diameter and properly tamp the walls of the manhole with it.
The length of the burrow should be such that 3-4 individuals are placed in it. You can cover the farthest corner with straw or hay, this will make the recess more attractive for rabbits.
Over time, natural instincts will wake up in Ears, and they will begin to create long tunnels on their own. Then there will be the problem of catching animals for slaughter.
Solving the issue with catching
Rabbits are shy animals, and their content by the pit technology promotes complete savagery. Therefore, it is extremely difficult to catch rabbits for meat.
Some rabbit breeders practicing the pit house rabbits literally smoke animals from shelters. But the launch of smoke into the holes is too aggressive a method that adversely affects the health of the eared fish, so it is better to refuse it.
It is much more humane and more rational to install the flap on the holes. As the door fit a thin sheet of wood or metal. Which will be easy to move on a special runners. Only you need to think about approaching the fastening of the valve in the open state - it should be possible to quickly and silently lower it.
It is best to start catching rabbits when their maximum number leaves the hole for feeding. To do this, you can try to develop an artificial reflex in them - give a certain sound signal before each feeding. It can be whistling or clapping hands. Animals will quickly remember the sequence of actions and, upon hearing the call, will run to the feeders.
Rabbit breeding, like other economic activities, has its enemies from the wild. When growing rabbits in a hole, the enemies are rats, which can eat offspring, spread infections and destroy the lion's part of the food intended for eared birds.
The installation of the rat traps and the laying of the poison is unacceptable, since there is a very high risk that rats and not rats will be affected.
For rodent pests, you can make a special bait. A thin glass of an ordinary bulb is taken and thoroughly crushed. Splinters are mixed with boiled eggs and onions - in this mix the mixture becomes especially fragrant for rats. A lot of paper is wrapped and the bait is laid out in places where pests were noticed.
Like and share this article with your friends on social networks.
Write in the comments if you think the pit technology of rabbit rearing is profitable and convenient.