How to keep geese in the winter?

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As it is known, geese have an excellent down cover. He perfectly protects them from the winter cold. But is this really the case? And how to make the maintenance of geese in winter easy and the bird feel as comfortable as possible? About these and other features of their winter maintenance at home, read further in the article.

Optimal conditions of detention

Indeed, thanks to its downy coat and dense feathers of geese, it is freezing to minus 10 degrees Celsius. And with the right content and minus 40 is also not a problem. But there is one big "BUT!" - it's damp. Because of her feather quickly pollutes and ceases to form a dense cover. The litter also gets wet and becomes dirty and the bird's legs begin to freeze.

As a result, birds can get sick and even die. To avoid this, you need to create the best wintering conditions for them. To do this, it is advisable to pre-build a small indoor goose. No matter where it will be made, because even if you knock down a small barn with a bunch of cracks, then the hole, as the cold, you can always close up with hay or straw. The main thing that the bird was protected from wind and damp.

Paul in a gooseberry, it is desirable to do a boardwalk, and then pour a thick layer of any litter on it. The thickness of the layer should reach about half a meter. For bedding, you can use any suitable material, such as chips, sawdust, straw or peat. Then, as the top layer of the litter is contaminated, it is necessary to pour fresh. To prevent dampness and eliminate the smell of ammonia, experienced poultry farmers advise to resort to one trick.

It is necessary at least once a week to sprinkle the top layer of the litter with simple or double superphosphate. Consumption of simple superphosphate per 1 square. m - 400 g, and double, naturally two times less. Due to this trick, the litter will always remain dry and the sharp and suffocating ammonia smell will be removed.

It is also worth remembering that keeping geese around the clock in a barn for home keeping is not necessary. Even in the most severe frosts, they should be released for a maximum of 1 hour of walking. Such walks will revive the bird and increase its productivity. It should also be remembered that the least frost-resistant bird legs. Therefore, it is advisable to clear the area of ​​walking from snow.

We equip a winter goose

So, how to equip the goose for the winter? Of course, there must be troughs and drinkers in it. Also, based on the fact that geese begin to rush in the winter, they need to prepare for this nest.

We prepare nests

It is recommended that material for the manufacture of nests use a thin board (about 25 mm thick) or plywood. The nest size is approximately 600 mm long, the width is the same, and the height is 500 mm. In front, to avoid falling out of the litter, there is a side approximately 100 mm high. Nests are placed on the floor, mainly near the side walls of the goose.

The bottom of the nest should also be stabbed with boards or plywood. Because the geese are very deep in burying their eggs, and if the bottom is metal, then it can break, and in the winter period it will surely freeze. The same trouble can happen if there is no floor and the litter is immediately poured onto the ground. But if there is a wooden floor, you can leave the nests without the bottom.

Expert opinions about how many birds one nest is enough diverge. In the scientific literature it is said that for every goose you need your nest. But experienced poultry farmers say that one nest is enough for 2-3 geese calmly. You also need to remember to divide the nests, if there are several of them, by a partition, and for nestling geese, arrange the nests in a separate room.

It is important to know that the tastes of eggs, as well as whether they will be offspring, are strongly influenced by the humidity and pollution of the roaster. Therefore, the eggs from the nests should be taken as soon as possible. To do this, remember that about 80% of geese lay eggs at night or in the early morning. Also, be sure to change the bedding of nests more often, so that a laid egg will always be clean.

How to make the most simple trough?

The simplest and at the same time economical feeder for geese looks like a small trough. It consists of two planed boards (thickness 20-25 mm), which are fastened together at an angle. The sides of the boards are extended to the bottom and are used as drinkers. On top of such a trough fill small transverse strips-partitions. They do not allow birds to fully climb inside the trough.

Also, these bars serve as a kind of handle, with which you can easily move the feeder from place to place. Even along such a trough, small shields can be stuffed, which will prevent the scattering of food. The height of such a feeder should reach the level of the back of the bird. And the length should be enough so that all the birds without a crush settled near her.

Features of winter drinkers

Another feature of geese is that in the winter, one individual is able to drink up to 2 liters of water per day. Therefore, they should have enough water in winter. For drinking at home, large buckets or old wooden troughs are well suited. You can also make a drinker from a sheet of galvanized iron. Water in drinkers should be changed frequently or even better make it flowable.

With an abundance of snow geese, it is good to drink melted snow water. It is worth remembering that the lack of water adversely affects the egg production of geese. In the absence of water for two days, the egg production stops altogether, and it is not so easy to resume it.

Features of feeding birds in winter

From November to January, experts recommend feeding the geese twice a day. Feeding is carried out in the morning and in the evening. In the morning they give mostly mash potatoes, and in the evening they give whole grains. From January it is desirable to switch to three meals a day. In the morning and in the evening - grain, and in the afternoon - mash. At the beginning of the egg-laying period, geese need intensive and frequent feeding, so you can feed them even four times a day.

For feeding birds in the winter, mainly feed is used. It can be shredded meadow hay, hay dust, dry nettle, or chaff. It is worth remembering that eating green fodder geese is equally easy in both dry and steamed form. From grain, it is preferable to give oats to a bird, since wheat and barley can cause rapid obesity.

If there is a shortage of grain, it can easily be replaced with boiled potatoes with a small addition of steamed peas. But they need to be fed about three times more than the grain. Also, be sure to remove the remains of the mash from the feeders. After souring, they easily cause stomach upset in your bird. At night, geese eat more than during the day, and especially if it is winter, so you need to leave oats in bird feeders for the night.

As you can see, keeping geese at home is not so difficult in winter. It is enough to follow the above recommendations. Good luck breeding geese!

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