In warm seasons, there are no problems with feeding the geese. During this period, they intensively feed on green fodder, which they find on grazing. But what to do in the winter when there is snow in the fields and severe frosts rage? What to feed the geese in the winter and how it is beneficial to do at home? Read more about this later in the article.
Geese are rather large birds, and accordingly they eat a lot. But in summer it is unnoticeable, since they spend most of the day tweaking green grass in the fields. During the day one individual eats greens up to two kilograms. Then the goose will not refuse to eat the grain, which is given in the morning and evening. During the day, an impressive amount of food per individual is obtained.
But what to do in winter when there is snow everywhere and severe frosts rage? How to compensate for the lack of greenery and other pasture, which the geese eat during the day while grazing? The answer is simple, so that the bird does not starve in the winter, you need to take care of the feed in advance in the summer. Then the content of geese in winter, especially at home, will become easy and simple, and their diet will be no worse than in summer.
Replace green grass
Since geese are great lovers of grazing on the lawns, grass becomes the main component of their diet. That it is a source of nutritious and easily digestible components. Also in the grass are abundant vitamins and some minerals. And what to do in the winter, when there is no grass?
Of course you can and even need to prepare hay for geese for the winter. But hay is not recommended to be dried in direct sunlight. Optimal for drying fit some shaded and well-ventilated place. Such drying will help keep the maximum amount of useful substances in hay. It is possible to feed hay to a bird in the winter both in a dry form, and in steamed, but it is necessary to grind it beforehand.
You can also prepare silage from the stalk of maize or fodder beans. In winter, the bird will enjoy it with pleasure. To compensate for the missing vitamins, chopped hay or silage is fed along with concentrated feed. It should also be mentioned that optimally useful and nutritious for the bird will be hay harvested from cereals.
You can also dry up a lot of nettle or quinoa in the summer. In a crushed form, it is mixed into the mash. You can also make brooms out of it, which are hung in a roaster so that the bird feeds on them. The same whisks can be prepared from thin branches of fruit trees. Algae are an excellent source of minerals, they can also be dried in the summer and then crushed into flour.
Such flour in small quantities is good to add to the feed. An indisputable source of useful and nutritious substances for the bird are conifer needles. You can prepare them from any coniferous tree. But we must remember that the harvesting period lasts from November to March. During this period, the needles are soft and contain a minimum amount of tannins. Before feeding, they should be ground in a meat grinder.
What else can you feed in winter?
In winter, to feed the geese, among other things, you can almost everything that was collected in the fall in the garden. These are cabbage, carrots, potatoes, beets, various silage of vegetables, root crops, etc. So, what is the use of each of them? Cabbage is a source of amino acids, and it also contains a large amount of sulfur, especially in the feed grade. Feed it by mixing in food.
On the day of 1 goose you need to feed about 200 g of cabbage. But how to keep it long? With constant snowy winters cabbage can be safely stored in the snow. But if there is no snow or you want to be safe, then it is better to pickle it. Before feeding the geese with it, you need to wash the cabbage thoroughly.
Carrots are a great source of vitamins. It can be stored in different ways, but to avoid the rapid disappearance of useful substances, it is better to pickle or dry it. Salted and dried carrots in a crushed form. Feed its geese with silage or mash in any form. Beets and potatoes are also mixed in the mash.
But in boiled form they can be given separately, but only when they are well cooled. They also need to pre-grind. Vegetable tops harvested fresh. It is stored in special barrels and added to food in the winter. When keeping geese at home during the winter period, if prepared in advance, problems with their feeding should not arise.
Do I need to give the grain?
Of course, it is necessary and definitely more than in other seasons. Cereals are an excellent source of calories and carbohydrates. They also contain vitamins B, D, and E. It is possible to feed geese in winter with wheat, corn, barley, oats, and millet. But we must remember that if we feed ourselves with wheat, then it is better to give it in a crushed form. Better yet, feed the geese with wheat waste.
This will prevent obesity birds. If we talk about corn, it is great as a feed, both young and adult birds. But it also needs to be given in a crushed form. Since it contains few vitamins, it is recommended to add fish or bone meal to the corn, which can also be replaced with fish oil.
Oats and barley are considered optimal for feeding geese. It can only be given in integral form to an adult bird. To feed the young grain, it is necessary to pre-clean the husks and grind. If in some farms there is an abundance of millet, then you can easily feed it like oats with barley. Feeding these cereals does not lead to obesity.
It is worth mentioning legumes. Great for feeding geese in winter are suitable peas and broad beans. You can feed them both in dried and in the soaked form. An excellent option for feeding geese is the presence of a large number of different agricultural waste. This is bran, meal, corn and cereals, as well as various kinds of oilcake.
Let's sum up
Precisely, something to advise and argue that this is the only correct feeding ration is impossible. Since each owner feeds based on what he has and what he can buy. Some say that in the winter, morning and afternoon, geese should be given mashins, others say that they give mash only in the afternoon. And still others feed their geese in the winter with only whole grain. But everyone agrees that in winter the bird should eat plenty and always be full.
Because of this, it will feel great in small low temperatures even outside. Also, the opinion of everyone agrees that you need to feed the bird 3 times a day, and after the beginning of the breeding period, you can go to four meals a day. There is no contradiction to the fact that in the evening geese give only grain and it would be better if it is oats, barley or millet. It is given enough, as the bird eats at night more than during the day.
As for the recipes of mash, there are quite a few. After all, each owner can easily come up with his recipe based on what he harvested in the city. But we must remember that in winter the ration of the goose should be as balanced and nutritious as possible. You also need to make sure that the bird does not zazhila, it threatens the loss of offspring. After all, eggs laid by a goose goose are unfertilized.
And with all this geese in the winter should eat plenty. After all, in the winter they begin the breeding period. Also, such feeding will help them easily transfer the most severe frosts without loss of productivity.