The most common diseases of pigeons

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Pigeons are beautiful ornamental birds that are found both wild and domestic. Both those and those suffer from the same diseases. Only if the law "survives the fittest" works in wild birds, will domestic pigeons be protected from various sores, treated and vaccinated. Consider the most famous diseases of pigeons and their treatment in more detail, because they all have their own characteristics and symptoms.

Smallpox

This disease in pigeons is caused by infection with a special pigeon-type ultravirus and affects birds most often in the spring. It can have both skin and mixed form. What symptoms can accompany the disease, look at the photos provided in the photo gallery.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Red spots appear on the skin of birds devoid of feather cover;
  • Rashes are most often observed at the base of the beak, near the eyes and apertures, on the exposed parts of the paws;
  • When the form is neglected, yellow formations appear on the beak;
  • Mucous discharge from the nose and eyes;
  • Diphtheric form is accompanied by damage to the mucous membrane of the mouth, goiter, nasopharynx.
  • There is no special treatment;
  • Bird give antibiotics, they drink;
  • As a preventive vaccination.

Whip

This is a well-known and perhaps the most common disease of wild pigeons. When nimble, Parmyxovirus affects the central nervous system, resulting in epilepsy. There are several stages of the disease, which are accompanied by various symptoms.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • At the initial stage of this pigeon disease, birds have a precarious gait;
  • Increased body temperature (1.2 degrees);
  • There is a special condition when the pigeon's head turns to the side;
  • The second stage is accompanied by a rotation of the head;
  • The bird falls on its back and legs, does not eat anything, perishes as a result of exhaustion.
  • Drugs such as Lozeval, Fosprenil are used;
  • Mandatory input immunomodulators;
  • Obligatory vaccination is used, for example, foreign vaccine Colombovac PMV is used on the 35th day of life.

However, treatment rarely gives a positive result; the bird most often dies.

Ornithosis

This is another disease from a number of infectious diseases, which is always severe and can be transmitted to humans. Causes illness special virus that penetrates into the cells of the respiratory tract and infects them. Moreover, in the environment it can survive up to two weeks even at the lowest and highest temperatures.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • In sick pigeons, there is a change in eye color, lacrimation;
  • Reshaping the eye;
  • After some days of infection, mucus begins to stand out from the eyes, which sticks together the eyelids;
  • When breathing, wheezing is heard, shortness of breath is present;
  • In the later stages, paralysis of the limbs and diarrhea occurs.
  • The drug is used OrniCure or OrniInjection;
  • General vitamin therapy of birds (E, A, D3).

Paratyphoid

The disease has another more familiar name like salmonellosis. It is an infectious disease that occurs as a result of infection with Salmonella sticks. The virus can enter the bird through the food, water and air from the droppings of sick individuals. There are four types: intestinal salmonellosis, salmonellosis of the joints, internal organs and the nervous system.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • During the illness of pigeons, the fertility of eggs, the sterility of males and females are noted;
  • Diarrhea of ​​various degrees of difficulty (from usual to difficult with blood);
  • Tousled feathers;
  • Drowsiness, lack of appetite.
  • The treatment is made with the help of drugs CuraL, ParaCure;
  • Salmon PT vaccine is used as prophylaxis;
  • Mandatory treatment of the house with various disinfectants.

Trichomoniasis

Like other birds and animals, trichomoniasis is caused by Trichomonas infection, which has been living in water and in the esophagus for a long time. It affects primarily the mucous membrane of the throat and mouth. In case of late treatment, the infection is lowered into the organs, in particular, it affects the liver and the digestive system. Domestic pigeons often have a separate type of disease - cicatricial trichomoniasis.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Yellow spots appear in the mouth, on the mucous membrane of the larynx, the bird suffocates;
  • There is apathy, weakness, diarrhea, an increase in the abdomen;
  • When the scar forms appear brown nodules on the skin;
  • Often the bird dies from the defeat of internal organs, as well as from suffocation.
  • Used drug TrichoCure.

Coccidiosis

Infectious disease caused by intestinal parasites. Many birds develop immunity to this ailment during their lifetime, often oocysts can live for years in a poultry house until they reach the intestines of weak individuals or young. Coccidiosis for a long time may not manifest symptoms, affecting the body of the bird.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • There is a general weakness of birds, apathy, the bird sits hocketed;
  • Losing weight, poor appetite;
  • There may also be paralysis of the limbs, diarrhea mixed with mucus.
  • Coccicure is used;
  • Mandatory special disinfection pigeon;
  • As a preventive measure, vitamins, active exercise, hygiene and cleanliness in the house are used.

Worms

Worms are found in pigeons as often as in animals and in humans. Of course, poor nutrition, poor hygiene, and poor bird immunity lead to this. There are both different types of ascaris, and other worms.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Feathers lose shine, ruffle;
  • Birds eat poorly, lose weight, apathetic, anemia is observed;
  • Roundworms can cause paralysis, and whipworms can cause internal bleeding in the intestines;
  • Because of intoxication, pigeons often die.
  • After laboratory testing, certain types of toxic drugs are prescribed;
  • After therapy, a vitamin diet is required.

Paramyxovirus or Newcastle disease

This disease has recently become increasingly popular with pigeon breeders. It spreads quickly through direct contact with sick individuals, as well as by airborne droplets.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Great thirst, diarrhea;
  • Paralysis of limbs, convulsions, rotation of the body or head;
  • Great weakness, the bird falls to its feet, does not eat or drink;
  • Death comes quickly.
  • Curing pigeons do not;
  • Only prophylaxis with the help of vaccination is used, for example, with the domestic drug Lasot or foreign Colombovac PMV.

Tuberculosis

A very common disease that is caused both in birds and in animals with a stick from the Mycobacteriumavium type. Most often, this pigeon disease occurs in a chronic form, and sick birds are carriers of the infection. The virus is also dangerous for humans, although it occurs in a simple form of lesions of the mucous membranes and skin. The reason for the infection of pigeons - unsanitary conditions. An infected bird can be a carrier of the virus for 2 to 3 months.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • General lethargy, weight loss;
  • Loss of feather shine;
  • Anemia, paralysis, inflammation of the joints.
  • The bird rarely dies, but the treatment is practically impractical because the diseased individuals are carriers of the infection;
  • Only prevention in the form of maintaining cleanliness in the dovecote, regular disinfection with bleach solution, protection of food and water from dropping into them.

Thrush or candidiasis

One of the most famous fungal diseases that affects the mucous membrane of the larynx, mouth and goiter. Most often occurs in young animals, but adult individuals may be carriers of spores. The disease occurs with various adverse factors, including reduced immunity, long-term antibiotic treatment, poor nutrition, vitamin deficiencies.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Symptoms such as lethargy, poor appetite, diarrhea are observed;
  • Various formations on the mucous membrane in the form of cheesy mass;
  • Swelling goiter.
  • Pigeons are treated with common antibiotics, such as Terramycin or Biomitsin;
  • Give vitamin supplements A and B;
  • Specialized medicine for pigeons is also used, for example, the drug Nystatin;
  • Dovecote is treated with a solution of formaldehyde in a solution of caustic soda;
  • Most often, a sick bird is culled as a carrier of fungal spores.

Photo Gallery

Look at the photo how sick birds can look, as well as what symptoms are observed.

Smallpox have a dove Dead dove from Newcastle disease Smallpox struck dove's beak

Video "Moscow and pigeons"

In this video, you will learn about how birds live in the metropolis, how pigeons are inspected and preventive measures against many diseases.

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