Is it possible to keep quails in the apartment? This question worries many people who want to always have a healthy egg and dietary meat at home. The answer is yes, today it is quite real. The bird is not noisy, quite profitable from an economic point of view and does not require special conditions. Let's talk about it in more detail.
Can I keep birds in the apartment?
The Japanese believe that quail brings the family well-being and prosperity, so this bird in an ordinary city apartment will not surprise them. Quail they contain instead of the usual for us parrots and canaries. However, this bird is much better than "flat" birds, because they carry very useful eggs. For many of us, keeping quails in a city apartment is still a bit unusual. And in vain, because, as it turns out, this is nothing complicated.
Quails are unpretentious birds, so ordinary room conditions are suitable for their rearing. The only requirement is to maintain a balanced diet, as well as the light regime. Many people think that there is a lot of noise and dirt from birds. But this is also a fallacy. Japanese quails are called "dumb", as they practically do not make sounds. Only males shout.
As for dirt and smell, then, like any living thing, birds require proper care. If you clean the cage every day and in the summer to use the hood, the smell in the house will not. Modern fillers for pets, for example, sawdust will help to cope with dirt. They mask the smell well and absorb moisture.
How to keep them and where to start?
You can keep a couple or several pieces of quails in a city apartment in a regular songbird cage. But best of all, as practice shows, take advantage of a special rectangular cell. All sides are covered with plywood and only the front wall is reticulated. Suitable and self-made design. If you want to keep more than 50 birds, then in this case you should choose a cell battery.
You can grow a bird in a regular room, as well as on a heated balcony or loggia. Of course, the latter option is more acceptable, since here it will be easier to install the hood to the street. But let's look at all the main aspects in more detail. So, for breeding quail in the conditions of an apartment you need:
- the bird itself;
- cages (15 individuals can be kept in a cage 55x50x25 cm);
- cell placement;
- inventory for care.
In our case, quails should be purchased at the age of 1-1.5 months. Young animals are already well tolerated by moving, quickly get used to new living conditions, adapt to the food. Pay attention when buying on the appearance of chicks. They must be active, vigorous, with a good appetite, with good plumage, without any growths on the paws and beak. Feathers should be clean and dry.
It is best to buy a Japanese breed, as it has been in the home for centuries. "Japanese" unpretentious and quiet.
The size of the cage will depend on the number of birds contained. If you breed quails, then immediately purchase both females and males. Sit their families at the rate of 4 females per 1 male in a cage measuring 30x40x20 centimeters. You can make it yourself, but you can also buy it. To maintain cleanliness, such a house should have a mesh bottom, as well as a special pan to collect litter. And also an inclined net tray for collecting eggs.
It is desirable in one cell to provide for the possibility of partitions. Young animals are kept in a group, and for families during the breeding season they are divided into sections. If necessary, to save space, cells are placed in several tiers, forming a battery. On top you can install a brooder.
Take into account the density of landing. For example, for the breeding stock you need to allocate 125 square meters. centimeters per 1 individual, and for layers it is possible and 85 square meters. centimeters per 1 individual.
Feed quails can be factory purchased feed, as well as self-made food. The basis of the diet of birds is crushed grain of corn, wheat and soy. Mandatory in the diet of little hens should be food additives in the form of fish meal, fish oil, vegetable oil, minerals and vitamins. What and how to feed the bird, read here //zoohoz.ru/perepelki/pravilnyj-ratsion-4780/.
Place for cell placement
This item is perhaps the most important for the housing of poultry. For normal development and good egg-laying quails need a quiet, well-ventilated room with the ability to maintain a 17-18-hour light regime. In such a room should be quite wet (60%). As a rule, for this choose a warmed balcony or loggia.
You can keep the bird in a separate room, but preferably in a place where people rarely happen, where there is no TV or other sources of noise. It is extremely undesirable from the point of view of hygiene to place the cells in the kitchen and even more so in the bedroom. The bird does, anyway, but has its own smell.
To keep the birds on the balcony, you can build a special wooden frame in the form of a cabinet and put a cell battery there. The frame, if needed, can be additionally warmed with foam and plastic wrap. Such a cabinet will be convenient in that you can insert a fan into it, as well as lamps for light.
From the necessary equipment you will need to have troughs, drinkers, material and a filler for cleaning. All this can be bought in the store. Drinking trough and feeder can also be made by hand. Since the bird needs constant access to clean water, it is advisable to install automatic drinkers.
To facilitate feeding (2-3 times a day), the feeder is better to put an automatic bunker. Also, if you are going to breed birds, you will need an incubator and brooder for chicks.
Conditions for content
Before you start quail in a city apartment, take a good look at whether your conditions for keeping a bird. Recall that these little hens need to constantly maintain the temperature at 18-20 degrees (above you can, but below it is bad). The air in the room should be fresh with good ventilation, but without drafts.
It is important to remember that, unlike other birds, quails are extremely whimsical to light. They do not like and are under stress in bright light. The light should be around 5 pm, but muffled. It is in such conditions that they rush well and grow.
Another important condition is noise. In order to maintain a good microclimate in the cages, quails must be in silence. The noise of a car or TV reduces egg production and leads to pecking eggs. Also, birds should always be full and watery. You need to feed 2-3 times at the same time at the rate of about 30 grams of feed per individual. Observing all these conditions, you can be content with fresh healthy quail eggs, without even leaving your apartment. Successes!