In the course of domestication and keeping of quails in domestic conditions, birds practically lost their ability to incubate. Therefore, if you are going to breed little hens, then the incubation of quail eggs by artificial means is inevitable. However, this process does not require much effort and takes only 17 days.
Preparing eggs for incubation
For the incubation of quails, you can use both a specially equipped incubator ("Quail") and the usual for all types of poultry ("Ideal hen", "Cinderella"). Only in this case a special mesh is inserted into the device. Eggs are placed vertically so that the sharp end is at the bottom.
The whole process of "ripening" is 17 days. The chicks hatch very actively, as a rule, after 4-5 hours all the babies are born. If during the incubation all the conditions and requirements were taken into account, the quails are born strong, healthy and active. They are immediately transferred to a brooder. But consider all the moments in more detail.
So, to have an incubation quail egg, you need to either buy it or get it from your parent flock. If you are going to breed and grow poultry regularly, then, of course, it is better to have your females and males. Incubation of quail is possible only if the eggs are fertilized. For this purpose, one male is planted on four females.
For the subsequent breeding of chicks, products from young females are selected - from 2 to 8 months. Closer to the year in quails, the percentage of fertilization decreases, although the egg production itself remains high. Products obtained for incubation are stored in a separate container.
Despite the fact that quail eggs have a rather long shelf life, it is worth choosing only fresh products for incubation. To do this, after demolishing, they must be placed in a container and stored for no more than 5-7 days at a temperature not higher than 22 degrees. Under such conditions, the percentage of hatchability reaches 90%. If eggs overdo, hatchability will be reduced.
Selection for incubation
The correct egg, which is suitable for incubation, should have a familiar spotted appearance and should not be heavier than 14 grams. The only exception is the breed Pharaoh - 16 grams. The shell should be smooth, flat, without cracks or any other defects. Strongly large or small products are rejected, as they produce weak and non-viable chicks.
If you have an ovoscope, the eggs will need to be enlightened. With this device you can view the quality of the product. If there are dark spots, two yolks or other defects, the material is discarded.
The correct tab in the incubator
Incubation of quails implies not only the correct choice of eggs, but also its correct insertion into the device. For this purpose, a special grid is used, on which the hatching egg is stacked in a checkerboard pattern with a sharp end down. If you use trays for chicken eggs, then here they can be laid in two rows.
It is also very important to sanitize eggs before laying with either a 3% solution of potassium permanganate or with an ultraviolet radiator. In this case, the treatment is carried out for 5 minutes with light at a distance of 40 centimeters.
Incubation of quail is the same as in other birds. Eggs are in a constant temperature regime, at a constant humidity with a flip, given the time period. If you have frequent power outages, purchase an incubator with protection. For example, with batteries or the possibility of heating water. However, quail embryos are more viable, therefore a slight drop in temperature is well tolerated.
After 15 days of incubation, quail eggs are transferred to the hatcher and are checked with an over-scope. In normal development, the fetus must fill all space by this time, except for the air cushion. When the lumen of the contents should have a pinkish tint.
After hatching, the chicks remain in the incubator for another 12-15 hours, after which they are transferred to a brooder. Small quails are very nimble and active, they run and jump. If you carry out breeding work, then in the very first hours of chicks ring. It should be remembered that the weight of babies does not exceed a few grams, so you need to take them very carefully.
Important! The quails are vulnerable to cold, they cannot be chilled and kept for more than 30 minutes at a temperature lower than in an incubator.
From 1 to 7 day
Incubation of quail eggs during this period should be carried out at a constant temperature of 37.8 degrees and at a humidity level of 50-55%. Rotation of the gratings should be carried out 4 times a day.
8 to 14 day
During this period, the temperature in the incubator remains the same - 37.8 degrees, but the overall humidity level drops to 45%. At the same time, the turn is also carried out 4-6 times a day and 2 times for 15 minutes cooling occurs. To do this, it is enough to open only the door of the incubator.
15 to 17 day
By the fifteenth day, the embryo should already be fully formed and ready to go. At this time, the temperature must be lowered to 37.5 degrees, and the humidity increased to 65-70%. Rotation and cooling is no longer carried out. During hatching and chilling chicks, the temperature can be lowered to 37 degrees. The incubation of quail eggs is considered to be fully completed on the 18th day, when the babies are transferred to a brooder or to a growing box. Additionally, see the table.
|1||1 - 7 day||37.8 ° C||50-55%||4 times a day||not|
|2||8-14 days||37.8 ° C||45%||4-6 times a day||2 times a day for 15-20 minutes|
|3||15 - 17 day||37.5 ° C||65-70%||not||not|
If quail incubation is completed successfully, the percentage of hatchability of eggs should exceed 95%. Sometimes it reaches 100% of the indicator. However, do not rush to reject those who did not immediately hatch. Some quails hatch in 1-2 days. Although this phenomenon is considered an anomaly.
What is periodic cooling needed for? The fact is that in such conditions the incubation of quails occurs in the most natural way. The female in nature sometimes leaves her eggs for a short time, so this phenomenon is considered normal.
And do not forget about a regular coup, if your incubator does not have such an automatic function. Coup prevents sticking of the embryo to the walls of the egg, and, therefore, its death.