Please teach how to properly vaccinate Gumboro and Newcastle chickens. We do not have a specialist, he writes differently on the Internet. I want to learn how to do everything right. Thank! (Vera Nikolaevna)
Good afternoon, Vera Nikolaevna. Of course, we will help you learn how to do the right vaccination. I will say right away that there is nothing complicated about it. The main thing is just to choose the vaccine itself and calculate the dosage. So, let's look at everything in order.
Vaccination against Newcastle disease
Against Newcastle disease, vaccination can be performed in various ways: orally, intramuscularly, ocularly, aerosolly or by spraying. I have to say that not all of these methods are easy to carry out at home. The most effective, if the population of birds rather big, then, of course, this is an aerosol and oral route. I do not recommend intramuscular injection, as this is a rather complicated procedure.
Before vaccination, any antibiotics, antibacterial and other synthetic drugs should be excluded. But I believe this item does not apply to you. It is better to vaccinate healthy chickens in the second week of their life (except for the aerosol method). Otherwise, the kids can get sick and die.
Ocular or nasal method
With this method of vaccination, 0.1 ml of the drug must be diluted in a special 0.9% saline solution - pH 7.2 - 7.4. It can be purchased in the vetaptek. The exact dosage is indicated on the package. 0.1 ml is the dose for one individual. Knowing the number of birds, you can easily calculate the entire amount of the vaccine.
The resulting solution should be dripped with an eye dropper into the nostril in 1 drop. At the same time, the second nostril should be closed and the bird's head should be held in a horizontal position for 2 seconds. The same amount of vaccine can be dripped into the eyes.
When feeding chicks, use only clean, fresh and purified water. About a day you need to determine its volume, based on the amount that a bird needs for 1-1.5 hours. Or 1/5 of the daily volume of water consumed. We calculate the volume as 10 nasal doses per head. To maintain the activity of the vaccine in 1 liter of water you need to take 5 grams of powdered or 50 ml of pasteurized milk.
Before the solution itself, the bird should not be watered or fed for 2-4 hours. Also after feeding for the first 2 hours more chicks do not give anything.
This method can even be used for day-old chicks. He, as practice shows, the most convenient for home use. To do this, the vaccine must be dissolved in cool, purified, and even better distilled water, at the rate of 1000 doses of the drug per 0.25 liters of water. For larger chickens (from 2 months), use 0.5 liters of water per 1000 doses.
Then the solution is poured into the sprayer (normal flower), the chicks are placed in a small box so that they are knocked together. Spraying produced at a distance of 30-40 centimeters from the head of chicks. Make several broad sprays until the feathers of all the chicks are evenly moistened. After that, the chicks can be transplanted back into the main room or brooder.
Recall that Gamborough is a vaccine against infectious bursal disease. It can be used only for healthy chickens, best for 7-14 days of life. Use only the oral method, that is, watering. We take the same amount of water as for vaccination against Newcastle. Approximately, based on the volume of 1-1.5 hours or 5 ml per 500 ml of water.
To begin, a bottle of vaccine must be diluted in half with water, mix well and then pour into the main volume of water. Do not water the bird before watering for 2 hours (do not water it in 1 hour in summer). But the feed, on the contrary, must be provided.
Personal Security Measures
Always observe personal safety measures: wear gloves, cover all areas of your body with thick clothing, wear a face mask on your face. After the procedure, wash all things at high temperatures; wash your hands and body with soap and water. These are, perhaps, all the basic recommendations that can help you properly vaccinate. Always read the instructions and labels for drugs.
Do you think your chickens need vaccination?Poll
- Yes of course
- No, not needed
- I do not know, yet did not think about it