Limousine - a breed of cows originally from France, very popular in the world, is known for its good meat qualities. Today, these beautiful cows with an unusual name are bred in over 70 countries on 5 continents. In Russia, this breed is also used when crossing with domestic meat and dairy cattle.
Limousin cows easily tolerate cold, adapt to different weather conditions and acclimatize well. That is why they are bred in different countries of the world and in different climatic conditions. In addition, they gained their popularity due to unpretentiousness and high fecundity. Cows make excellent use of pasture, even with short grass, including mountain meadows. It is believed that this breed is most effective in beef cattle.
Today this breed is successfully grown in France, here it ranks second in numbers after Charolais, in England, in Belgium and in many other European countries. For the first time, limousine cows were brought to Russia in 1961. Then the leading breeding farm for this breed was in the Brest region at the farm "Priozersky".
With a limousine, or rather with a car, this cow has nothing to do with, and received its unusual name from the French province of Limousin, where it was first bred in the second half of the 18th century. This area has a very harsh climate with cold windy winters, so the breeders were tasked with bringing cows with good frost-resistant abilities. Thus, as a result of breeding work on the local Aquitanian cattle, this breed was obtained.
Initially, the breeders received the breed with working milk and meat qualities, but later redeveloped it completely under the meat type of productivity. By the beginning of the 19th century, breeders demonstrated the best limousine cows at the exhibition, and in 1856 the first pedigree book was created.
In the first half of the 20th century on the breeding farms continued to improve the meat performance of cows, as well as their precocity. The animals were purposefully fattened in stalls for the subsequent production of high-quality meat. By the way, today the production of limousine breed is quite expensive and is provided to the leading restaurants in France.
In comparison with the majority of meat breeds Limousines differ in a gentle constitution and small growth. The suit is found only red, more or less bright with a bright belly. The animals have a broad back, a rounded chest, a long sacrum, strong bones and very well developed muscles. The head is short and with a broad forehead, there are short horns. More detail to consider the external exterior of these cows offer in the photo.
Despite the fact that the breed limousine meat direction, their milk productivity is also good - about 1500-1800 kilograms. In meat productivity, these cows occupy one of the leading places in quality. Since the cows are ripening, by 6-8 months the calves reach a weight of about 300-440 kilograms and in some farms are already sent for slaughter. Due to this, manufacturers get unusually tasty, juicy and lean meat.
With intensive fattening, bulls are raised to 15 months. Then they reach a weight of 400-500 kilograms and give 60% of the output of products - marble meat. Adult cows gain weight up to 600 kilograms, males - 1000-1100 kilograms. They have very good productive qualities in terms of body structure - about 6.5 kilograms of meat per 1 kg of bones.
- High fecundity.
- Unpretentious to the content and to feed.
- It is frost-resistant.
- Highly productive.
- Gives a high yield of pure fine-fiber marble meat.
- It has a well-built body structure.