Mini farm for cows are small complexes for keeping and breeding a small number of animals. As a rule, today they can be from 20 to 100 heads of adults. In other words, these are private farms that bring profits to their owners.
What do they look like and what are they for?
For example, you live in a small village near the city. There are no large enterprises in your area, which means there is no decent work either. That's just in such situations, many active people are beginning to think: why not make their own mini-farm for cows? The idea is good - it is also a profit, because dairy products in the city are always in price, and besides, the terrain allows us to have a good pasture, a walking area. And such small dairy and meat farms are growing all over our country.
In more detail, how mini-farms look, you can on video. We will only add a little that modern building materials and special devices make it possible to engage in animal husbandry in any region and in any locality. To do this, you only need to have free space depending on the maximum number of cows, as well as the ability to create all the conditions in the farm. That is, to bring electricity, water and so on. As practice shows, it is also easy to do, because a small farm houses the whole complex of premises in a hangar alone.
But why we need such small farms, this is already an individual question: for some it is a business, for someone the meaning of life, someone a hobby, someone the desire to consume and sell high-quality environmentally friendly products.
How to create a mini farm?
In order to build and create your own mini-farm, first you need to decide how many cows you want to contain: 10, 20, 50 or maybe 100? That is what her plan will depend on. A small farm, for example, for 10-50 heads is easy to place in a rectangular hangar. However, regardless of size, each building must meet the following requirements:
- the ability to engage in animal husbandry in any region of the country;
- be able to connect to household energy and to the water supply;
- equipment necessary equipment to monitor the state of animals and the microclimate in the room;
- the required area should not be less than 1000 square meters. meters;
- the height of the building must be at least 6 meters;
- Approximate size of the hangar for 50 heads: width 15 meters, length - 70 meters.
Also, depending on the direction of activity (beef or dairy farming), the construction plan will depend. For example, a mini dairy farm should have a separate room for collecting, bottling and controlling milk. The meat farm should have a special meat processing facility, workshop and laboratory.
Comfort to the cows first
Any even the smallest farm should be equipped so that all the animals in it feel comfortable and healthy. To do this, the owner must provide all the necessary equipment and accessories. First, you should think about how animals will be kept: on a leash, in stalls or without a leash. If you have a few cows living (up to 20 heads), then they can be placed in stalls or in free keeping. If there are many animals, it is advisable to put special boxes with tethers.
The farm must be equipped with automatic water supply, electricity, ventilation and possible heating in cold regions. Feeders you can choose both group and individual. If funds permit, you can make a mechanized distribution of feed. The dairy farm must have milking machines and a milk spill system.
Despite the size, your farm should have a sufficient number of specialist employees who will not only look after the cows, but also perform other necessary work: an electrician, plumber, cleaner, livestock specialist, veterinarian, milkmaid, accountant, product sales manager, etc. The cost of capital investment will depend on the materials and equipment used.
Useful! Today there are a number of firms engaged in the construction and reconstruction of such premises and mini-farms. Their work project already includes a whole set of necessary infrastructure, including the formulation of the milking system and milk processing. As a rule, such companies work with assembly structures that are both cheaper and faster to build - on average, up to 3 months.
For more information on what a mini-farm for cows can look like and what it is, see the video.