The acquisition of a cow today requires considerable expenses. Moreover, for many owners, this animal becomes a full member of the family. That is why the question of how much a cow lives is very relevant. Of course, he is more interested in newbies in the dairy farming business. But we will learn everything in order.
The cow was cultivated several thousand years ago and all this time lives alongside the person. It is remarkable, but this animal is incapable of independent living in the wild conditions. That is why the duration of the cows is not influenced by very many factors, and above all, it is a person’s care and living conditions.
Do you know where the long-lived cows live? Yes, of course, this is India. Here these animals are considered sacred, therefore they live as long as nature will measure them. In most other states, the life of a cow is calculated as the term of its use in the household.
Biological life expectancy averages 25 years, although there are cases when some individuals have reached 35–40 years of age. Bulls, unlike females, live no more than 15 years.
Life expectancy in the household
As practice shows, the majority of domestic dairy cows live on average about 15-17 years. During this time, the animal is able to give 10-12 calving. After 15 years of age, a Burenka loses the ability to reproduce offspring, and therefore, to give milk. It does not sound sad, but after that most of the owners give the animal for meat.
You ask, why don't they love their Nurse? They love, but to keep an animal that will bring only losses is very unprofitable. Most villagers can not afford it from an economic point of view.To find out how much a cow can live, you need to know the breed of the animal, its individual characteristics, as well as the area and country of residence.
As we have already said, in the household, cows live for about 15-17 years, on farms less - 12-14 years. However, this does not apply to our country. The fact is that analyzing the latest statistical data in Russia, the life expectancy of cows is much less than in other countries of the world.
This is due primarily to the peculiarity of climatic conditions. In many regions of our homeland there is a harsh climate, from which a poor food base and scarcity of the pasture period. Of course, food influences life expectancy in many respects, but care also plays a significant role.
In most cases in Russia, keeping a cow is a business. More than 80% of dairy and beef cattle live in large farms, where, of course, employees are physically unable to give each cow the proper attention and provide the necessary comfort.
Moreover, it is worth noting that in recent years, cattle breeding has been losing a huge number of animals. In pursuit of money, farm owners do not comply with the necessary conditions for keeping animals, which is why their life expectancy is sharply reduced. In some private farms, the cows do not live to the age of 7 years.
And how are things in other countries?
A completely different picture is presented in many foreign countries of the world, where it is customary to keep cows in private small possessions. However, even in large farms there cows live quite a long time. How many? For example, in India and Israel, animals live to a record number of years - 35-40. This is easily explained by the conditions that are created for cows.
For example, cows in Israel, as they say, bathe like cheese in oil: not only do they take a shower several times a day there, highly qualified livestock technicians take care of them, they also listen to music. Each Burenka is examined and gets the most suitable for her individual nutrition. Considering not only the physical, but also the mental state, for the cow a diet and a complex of dietary supplements are prepared. All our Russian cows dream of such a life!
What affects the duration?
As you have already understood from the above, the life expectancy of cows is mainly influenced by the area where they live, food and care. As practice shows, more healthy physically and mentally animals live in small villages, villages. But in the city too many factors reduce the age of cows. Consider all the factors:
- climate region and country;
- individual characteristics (genetics, heredity, congenital pathology);
- care and maintenance;
- love and attention of a person.
Note that although we put the factor of love and attention to the animal in last place, in practice it occupies one of the first positions. Love and caress are really capable of working wonders. If you pay due attention to your Burenka, take care of her, she will not only please you with high yields, but also with her productive longevity.