To make your cows milked well and give a lot of milk, you can use various tricks. Read in our article helpful tips that will answer the question of how to increase the yield of cows in the winter.
Average milk production in winter
Seasonality when calculating milk yield is very important. The amount of milk produced in different breeds is not the same and depends on a number of factors. These include cow age, season, calving time, feed composition, housing conditions and even milking. One dairy cow in the winter day can produce about 15 liters of milk per day.
On average, from one animal in winter you can get 15-20 liters per day, and the better care for a cow, the richer the nutritional content, the fatter milk. Milk fat is standard and is about 4%. To increase winter milk production, ration is enriched with nutritious foods. Animals should drink more, eat liquid food, sugar beets and root vegetables.
Tips for increasing your milk yield
In temperate climates, milk yield is good at any time of the year. Low temperature, frost greatly reduces milk yield. That is why cows in the northern regions of Russia produce less milk in winter than in summer. Next, we will tell you in more detail what to do so that milk yield will suit you and bring you more income.
First of all, feed the cows regularly, according to the schedule, focusing on the specificity of the breed. Recordists feed more densely, because their bodies consume twice as many resources as the bodies of ordinary cows. The second important point - breast massage or exercise to stimulate secretion. Udder massage is necessary so that the milk leaves better and there is no stagnation.
The next rule is regular milk delivery. The stricter the time of the milking process, the better the results. Stelny cows are prepared for calving, ceasing to milk and "starting" a month before giving birth. Before the “launch”, the milk yield from such a cow is small, but there is no sense in such milk either. It is very fat and unsuitable for human consumption.
But milk yield from fresh cows can be very good. For example, in winter, with good nutrition and caring care, such a ladybug will give at least 8-10 liters per day. However, the main enemy who steals your milk yield is cold. In a cold room, milk yield decreases at any time of the year by 10-15%. Not only is the milk production falling, but also the weight of the animal, since a lot of energy from the food goes to heat the body.
The juicier and nutritious the food, the greater the yield, the higher the fat content of milk. In the dry summer, for example, as in the harsh winter, give your wards juicy, nutritious food, plenty of liquid. Feeding, taking into account the phases of lactation (before pregnancy, in the process, before calving and immediately after it) perfectly corrects milk yield. After winter calving the cow will give enough milk, do not miss this moment and feed it well.
Three weeks before delivery, increase the content in the diet of succulent feed, nutritional concentrates. Do udder massage, scar, and after calving, let the cow feed a little more than the norm. This is called the advance - feeding "with the stock." Thus, the milk yield from the cow after childbirth will not be affected, the metabolism and milk yield will be high. Feed concentrates must be given at the rate of 150 grams per liter of milk.
Also, to increase winter milk production, activity, movement of cows is important. Animals should walk and whenever possible every day, and not stand in a stall without movement. Some dairy breeds record-breakers for the entire period of lactation can produce about 9 tons of milk. Carbohydrate food, in particular, sugar beet is best contributes to increased yields. Per day an adult animal eats up to 20 kg of feed plus hay (necessarily fresh and high-quality).
The last, but not less obligatory point of milk production stimulation is the treatment of animals. Cows perfectly feel the mood and character of a person. Do not shout at animals, speak to them tenderly, iron and handle cows with care. During the stall period, cleanliness and dryness of the litter, cleanliness of the udder and legs before sacking are especially important. The friendlier you treat an animal, the more productive its return to you will be.