Goats are considered one of the most unpretentious pets. They tolerate cold, get along well with birds and other inhabitants of the barn yard. It is known that they can even live in the attic or simply in the entrance hall. However, if possible, it is better to make a separate goat shed. But how, we'll now talk.
What should it be?
Goats perfectly adapt in any climatic conditions, are not afraid of cold and excess sunlight. However, the room must necessarily be dry and bright, as the goats are contraindicated damp. Good ventilation and dryness - the key to the successful maintenance of dairy animals. In the warm regions of the country they can even live under a canopy just in the yard. But if the winters are cold, then there can not do without a capital insulated shed.
You can keep goats, as in the general shed with other animals, and build a separate room. The main thing is to have constant air circulation and a lot of light. The minimum allowable temperature plus 8-10 degrees. Goats can be made separate stalls or a common area with tethers. One individual should be allocated at least 2x2 meters of space.
Important! A separate stall must be made necessarily goat, if any, as well as kids.
Construction of the goatling
If you decide to build a separate shed for your goats, then you need to choose a dry and slightly elevated place. Be sure to consider both the square itself under construction and the walking yard with a high fence. Goats are very active and restless animals, so they will need to walk. The courtyard and the facade is desirable to do on the south side. The same goes for windows.
The size of the room will depend on the number of contained goats. It is believed that the optimum height is at least 2 meters, and the length is 4.5 meters. As for the material, it is well suited adobe, boards, logs, pise materials and brick. The room must be made capital on the foundation so that it is not damp.
Drugs have a very negative impact on the health of animals, so all the cracks are carefully sealed. Doors and windows are additionally insulated for winter. If the shed is made of boards, then it will also need to be warmed for the winter. For example, needles, dry leaves, peat and sawdust.
Paul in the goat
The floor is perhaps one of the most important parts of a goat house. The fact is that animals are quite capricious relative to bed. They love a dry and slightly elevated place. Therefore, cold and wet concrete will not work. If the foundation of the floor is cement, then at the level of 20 cm from the ground it should be covered with wooden planks.
Do not forget to make a slope to drain the fluid when laying the floor. This will help keep the stall dry and clean. From above, you can lay a litter, put another solid board for rest or build shelves at the height of 50-70 cm. Goats love to climb to sleep higher, where it is dry and warm.. Straw, sawdust, leaves, shavings are used as bedding. In winter, the layer of litter should be at least 5 kg per 1 square. meter.
As practice shows, goats feel more comfortable in separate stalls without a leash. Therefore, if the animals are not many, they need to allocate separate "rooms". The width of the stall should be at least 2 meters and a length of about 1.7-1.8 meters. If it is possible to make it wider, it will be only a plus. Goats do not tolerate crowding, and even because of this can slow down milk yield.
The front wall of the stall is made in the form of a low door with hinges. Its height must be at least 1 meter. You can close the top grille or just leave open space for more light. Also, for convenience, you can hang a manger on a trellised door and give hay without going into a stall.
Feeding troughs and nurseries
Goats are very picky animals, they can "shovel" the whole mountain of hay in search of their favorite plants. Therefore, it is desirable to provide a feeder in such a way that the goat converts as little as possible. For example, under the nursery you can make a special box for collecting residues. We also advise you to place the feeder and nursery in such a way that you can easily reach them.
The manger is usually hung at a height of 0.5 meters from the floor; a box for collecting small blades of grass and leaves is attached just below. There must be a feeder with sides, in which there will be salt-lizunets and mineral additives. On the other side of the wall you need to hang the water bottle This may be a regular bucket. In the warm season, goats eat food outside, so for this case you need to have a special trough.
In the warm season, goats spend most of their time on pasture, and the rest of the time - in a walking paddock. Here they can also be fed, not only in summer, but also in winter. It is extremely beneficial for their health. The corral should be at least 1.3 meters high for females and 1.5 meters high for males. The area of the yard itself is calculated on the basis of 2-4 meters per adult.
Instructions for making
We know what a goat shed should be like, now let's figure out how to build it yourself. First of all, for this we need space and material. For example, suitable wood, brick or clay. If you live in a warm climate, you can get along with the usual wooden construction. In other cases, the barn should be capital and insulated, as in our version.
- Choosing a place to build.
- Regardless of the material of construction, we lay the foundation, as under a normal barn. For example, more detailed instructions here //zoohoz.ru/kyri/stroim-zimnij-kuryatnik-1803/.
- Then we build the walls according to the entrance and the location of the windows on the south side. If the room is small, one window is laid from the side of the door. The height of the shed do within 2-2.5 meters.
- We lay wooden floor.
- The roof can be built either sloping or dvuhskatnuyu. The second option is preferable, since hay can be stored in the attic. In this case, do not need additional insulation of the roof. It is best to cover with slate or tile.
- Be sure to insert the exhaust pipe with flaps over the passage away from the resting place of animals.
- The length of the ventilation pipe from the roof to the ceiling is covered with clay and insulated with straw mats.
- We make windows at a height of at least 1.5 meters.
- Doing doors double hinged with the possibility of insulation for the winter.
- Build inside the stall, hang trough and nursery.
That's all - the house is ready, which means it's time to get animals. Living in a good warm barn, goats will surely please you with good milk yield.