Interestingly, not all goat breeders know how and when to perform a hoof trimming procedure. Some may even argue that the animal does not need such a procedure. But experts say that the systematic cutting of the hooves of goats, the video of which you can also watch with us, is able to save the animal from many serious diseases. Therefore, how to carry it out, what is needed for this, and most importantly, when to do this, read further in the article.
When to perform the procedure and what methods exist?
To begin, let's clarify the question: "When to trim the hoof?". The fact is that an individual approach is applied here. For example, if we talk about wild goats, they do not need pruning at all, because they grind their hooves on different stones themselves. Also, some breeders may argue that their wards do not need pruning. But this is probably the exception to the rule. In the household, each goat needs care from its owner for its hooves.
Some individuals need it more often, and some less. According to general recommendations pruning should be carried out at least 2 times a year. The first time is before winter, and the second is in spring, before taking the animal to pasture. Let's understand why. Trimming the first time, we prepare the goat for wintering on a soft bed. Also, the floor in the stall will be even, and various deformations of the hoofs will be a real discomfort for the animal. Therefore, a goat can quite often get limbs. To avoid this, clipping and leveling of the hooves is performed.
Now, over the winter, a goat on a soft litter has greatly expanded hoofs, because it cannot be ground off at least a little by nature. Accordingly, in order for the animal to be able, without fear for its health, it is necessary to release the grazing procedure again for grazing. But there is one snag, for some individuals, even a small increase in hoofs leads to severe discomfort. Therefore, you should always watch over your animals and trim them as often as you see fit.
If we talk about how many trimming methods exist, then everything is simple. For example, if we talk about the trimming procedure itself, then there is only one method. And if you make a classification of methods based on what tools to use or how to fix the animal and limbs, then there are several options. However, I consider the first option to be the most correct, because we consider the procedure itself, and not what to use or how to place the animal, therefore only 1 method will be considered.
We make manicure goat
The first thing we need to do is prepare the necessary tools. For this simple procedure you need a rather cunning approach in the choice of tools. It may seem to someone that here you can cope with an ordinary well-sharpened knife, but this was not the case. And now let's look at what tools you can cut and why the knife is not the best solution.
- Hoof shears are a great option for hoof trimming. It is advisable to choose a handle with a medium length, since with a small one, you will need to exert quite a lot of effort, and with a long one, the accuracy of trimming will decrease.
- Hoof knife - convenient to use when curving hoof. There is a risk of injury to the hand if the animal jerks with its foot. Suitable for experienced professionals.
- Ordinary knife - this tool should be quite sharp. The blade should not be too thick, and also it should have a comfortable handle, because when you trim your hoof with a knife you will need to exert a lot of effort. Then there is a risk of cutting the hand when the knife slides off, if the goat has strongly twitched.
- Garden pruner - well suited to remove the outer processes of the hoof, but hard to cut and dub inside.
- Garden shears are also well suited for this procedure. But they are almost impossible to properly level the hoof. Therefore, you will need an additional tool.
- Scissors for metal - great for cutting, but you need to make sure that the tool is sharp enough. The only inconvenience - too much power load on the arm (hoof pretty hard).
- Ordinary big scissors - they can be cut off, but they will have to suffer for a long time. Also, after the procedure, the instrument is likely to become very blunt. It is better to use them for cleaning small areas in hard-to-reach places, for example, growths between fingers.
- Hacksaw - some craftsmen are pretty cleverly bypassed with such a tool. The difficulty is to even out the correct hoof roundness, as well as when working with a hacksaw, the animal must be completely immobilized.
As you can see, the choice of tools is quite large. You can also say that there is a far from complete list of all possible options. Therefore, the choice is yours, based on what is at hand. And now let's consider the second stage of trimming - this is the preparation of the animal itself.
As you know, for goats trimming the hoof is quite a stressful procedure. Therefore, to hold it is not so easy, especially if your pet is experiencing it for the first time. Also, pruning can not be carried out during pregnancy, as it is fraught with miscarriage. And now let's go back to the preparation of the animal.
So, the big problem will be if your pet has a pretty wild temper. In this case, you will even have to use a tranquilizer or even anesthesia (this method is almost not practiced). If your goat has a calm disposition and you are sure that it will calmly transfer the procedure, then you can simply tie it in such a way that it will stand on a tight leash and cut it as shown in the photo below.Trimming the front hoof of a standing goatTrimming hind feet of a standing animalCleaning the remaining hoof
But if nothing happened, then you need to throw the animal on its side and call someone to help, so that the goat would not let it up and soothe it, treating it with delicacies or simply stroking it. Also, do not forget that the neck of the animal should be as much as possible to the ground. After such preparations, you can begin pruning.
First of all, you need to remove all the dirt from under the hoofed horn.
Then the hoof is cut from the outside of the goat's fingers.
Next, the heels are trimmed to the same level with the fingers.
At the end you need to level the hoof. To do this, cut the soft tissue on the fingers and "heels" of the animal. This is done until the surface becomes flat and level. In this case, both fingers must be aligned under one plane.
At the end of the procedure, the claws of the goat should look something like this, as shown in the photo below.
Also, after pruning, do not forget to soak the goat’s hoof in a 2% solution of creolin or copper sulfate. That's all, the procedure is successfully carried out. Good luck in carrying out this difficult, but rather simple thing!