Canadian pig breeding technology - surely, many have heard about it, but they don’t know what it means and how it differs from ordinary breeding and keeping of animals. What is its essence and are there any advantages? In this we will understand together.
What is the essence of Canadian technology?
Cultivation of pigs according to Canadian technology means that animals are kept in unheated tarpaulin hangars with a bed of thick straw. In this case, the litter does not change, due to this, Canadian content is also called content on irremovable straw. It is interesting that the straw, due to the vital activity of bacteria, becomes very hot (reaches 70 degrees). That is why the old layer, in which bacteria are active, is sprinkled with new, dry and clean.
Of course, sooner or later the old straw will have to be completely removed, and this should be done about two or three times a year. A vehicle like a tractor or a tractor with a fork for cleaning the litter can perfectly enter the hangars. So, after a full update of the litter, for example, in the spring, the next update is done in the fall, and then again in the spring. The floor in such hangars is made concrete and treated with a special anti-bacterial mixture before each new laying of straw. It turns out that the bacteria are preserved in the straw until the next export, heating the room.
Now in the homeland of technology, in Canada, this technology is used mainly in the south of the country. By the way, the pigs themselves clearly define zones for themselves to drink, sleep, defecate and walk. That is, the actual places of the strongest pollution can and should be removed much more often than 2-3 times a year. One employee of the hangar can easily take care of hundreds of heads, that is, even with a thousand population, a large staff is not required.
Interesting! In the hangar with a length of 30 meters and a width of 11 meters fits about 200 heads of pigs!
Of course, the question arises, how is breeding pigs in such conditions? Are the pigs comfortable, how are they growing and what to do with pregnant pigs? Next you will find out the answers to these and other questions.
The maintenance of pregnant pigs and those already farrowed is in constant monitoring and supervision of the offspring. Usually pigs with children are separated into a separate hangar. Thus, in the pen there are only mothers and youngsters, which are then resettled for fattening. Breeding occurs in fact in a natural way, the sow is not crowded in the machine, and can walk and rest, moving freely.
The breeding and growth of pigs inside the tent structure is not a problem either. Young pigs grow well in the free territory. They have where to run and what to do. They chew bedding, frolic and just relax on warm straw. In such a free environment, piglets grow faster, gain weight well.
All aspects of content
Some nuances of content on Canadian technology need a more detailed explanation. These include the issue of lighting, ventilation, cleaning and catering.
Pigs love the content in rooms where it is light enough. So they are less sick and grow better, because vitamin D - is the main component of strong bones and prophylactic rickets. Part of the sun's rays penetrates the roof of the tent automatically, its thickness is designed to create moderate soft lighting.
Additional access of light is sometimes formed by adding a number of windows to the tent foundation. However, more often the surface of the tent is striped (white stripes let in more light, and dark ones protect from excessive illumination).
A clean and sunny room should also be well ventilated. How to combine high-quality ventilation and the maintenance of pigs in hangar buildings? In the summer, this is done in a natural way, since the entrance to the tent structure is always open, and in winter, due to the cold air outside, the air exchange takes place by itself. Special pipes in the tent is not installed.
The main question is the constant availability of fresh straw. If heated too much, the litter can even burn. The remaining issues of hygiene can be said to be natural, since the pigs are very clean. For toilet needs, they choose a separate section in the hangar, which is convenient to clean and update. Such content is not inferior in quality to normal hygiene, easel.
Guinea pigs feed on quite simply - in the center and perimeter of the pigsties, automatic dispensing feeders and drinkers are installed. Animals move and eat and drink whenever they want.