If you are going to engage in pig breeding, then you can not do without a special room for animals. Its design and size will depend on the livestock. Today, a fairly common option is 50 goals. Moreover, it is not difficult to build it yourself. It will help you learn how to make a pigsty for 50 heads with your own hands on the video and photo presented in the article.
What should be the sty?
Before you start building a pigsty, you should understand the main features of the barn for these animals. The common perception that pigs are dirty and slovenly animals, but far from it. Like other home dwellers, they love dry, spacious and warm rooms. Comfortable living conditions will help maintain health and high productivity.
In order to build the right pigsty, first of all, you need to deal with the number of animals being housed and the purpose of their maintenance. For breeding and breeding, you will need to divide the building into compartments: for queens, boars and piglets. For fattening pigs will be enough to have a main group compartment and a few extra for sows.
In our case, the project of the pigsty for 50 heads can be done both with group machines and without machines. There must be a sufficient passage in the middle of the room for staff and for driving a car. Since the livestock will be considerable, it is important to choose the right place for the construction. It should be dry and distant from the residential area.
Inheritance is extremely sensitive to drafts and dampness, so one of the most important criteria for a pigsty is dryness and warmth. Particularly low temperature sensitive piglets. Properly chosen place for construction is a pledge of the minimum mortality of young stock.
To build a pigsty, you should choose a flat, elevated place away from houses, swampy areas and water bodies. A good option is considered to be near the forest plantation, which will protect the pigsty from the winds. It is desirable that the main axis of the building is located from north to south. Location near groundwater and flood prone areas is unacceptable.
Important! According to sanitary and hygienic standards in our country, the placement of a pigsty should be at least 15 meters away from people's housing. The relief and prevailing winds (distribution of smell) are also taken into account.
Given the rules of placement of pigs, for each individual should be allocated at least 2.5 square meters. That is, to keep 50 heads our pigsty must be at least 200 square meters, taking into account pens, walkways and vestibules. The ideal is an area of 300 square meters. meters, which includes paddocks and utility rooms.
A very important moment in the construction of a pigsty for 50 heads. The fact is that pigs emit a lot of gases, but do not tolerate dirty air. That is why when laying the construction you need to provide good ventilation. It can be done by hand or purchase industrial.
In any case, ventilation should allow to regulate the flow of air, that is, to increase in the summer and decrease in the winter. The appearance of drafts is unacceptable in the pigsty, so it is important to consider the location of the doors and windows.
Air temperature is one of the most important conditions for the productivity of pigs. If you live in a cold region, you need to make a heating system. But in most cases, you can do only literate insulation pigsty. In winter, the temperature in the room for an adult livestock should not be below 5 degrees.
For a full-fledged rearing and breeding pigs should receive plenty of clean fresh water. Therefore, the presence of a water supply system is a mandatory requirement that will help to manage the household without any problems. It is advisable to equip the construction of an automatic water supply system.
How to build yourself?
In order to build a pigsty for 50 heads with your own hands, you need to think over the project, choose a suitable place, develop a plan for placing equipment, compartments and so on. Once all the points have been thought out and defined, you can proceed to the construction itself.
For the construction of the walls of the pigsty, you can use any materials other than reinforced concrete and concrete. These materials are too cold for animals. It is necessary to upholster the inside of the building with wood panels or plastic sheets. Both the walls and the ceiling are insulated to avoid condensation.
The choice of materials and designs
As a building material, you can choose clay, wood, brick, stone. Sand and cement should be used to build the foundation and fill the floor. Moisture insulation and warming done with roofing material or foam. The roof is covered with slate or tile. It is best to build a double slope.
If you have the opportunity and you do not want to spend a lot of time building a pigsty with your own hands, you can use modern sandwich panels. However, their installation requires the services of specialists, and these are additional material costs. Pigsty 50 heads is best to build a rectangular. But allowed and hangar or hemispherical room.
For the construction of a pigsty do it yourself, we will need:
- tools for construction - shovels, hammers, drills, nails, ax, hacksaw and others;
- logs and boards;
- cinder blocks;
- heater (roofing material, foam plastic, plastic);
- slate or corrugated roofing;
- waterproofing film.
To build a pigsty, we need a plan and a project. You can make it yourself or use the ready-made, presented in our article. After this, we begin construction.
Construction of a pigsty with the hands begins with laying of the base. This is one of the most important parts of the building, as it represents the main support. It can be built from stone, concrete or reinforced concrete. The first stage is a recess in the ground at 0.5-0.7 meters. Above the surface of the earth we build a foundation of 0.2-0.6 meters.
Along the foundation we make a 0.7 meter wide pavement of asphalt, clay or concrete. To prevent dampness, we make the base to the ground under an inclination, and the foundation itself is covered from above with roofing sheet or roofing felt.
Once the foundation is ready, you can proceed to the construction of walls. In the pigsty they should be made of warm and little moisture-absorbing materials. This will help keep the room warm and dry. The material can be brick, wood, rubble stone. From the inside we wall the walls with wood, we plaster and we whiten, and from the outside we warm.
The thickness and height of the walls depends on the climatic conditions of the region. For the middle strip, brick walls should be not less than 0.51-0.64 meters in thickness, wooden - 0.18-0.25 meters. Height - not less than 2.5 meters.
Roof and ceilings
Proper pigsty covering is very important for maintaining a healthy microclimate. If the air temperature in the winter outside is below -20 °, then the ceiling and the roof should be insulated. As a rule, for the ceiling they use boards or reinforced concrete blocks, they are sure to whiten. From above material can be insulated with hay, sawdust, chaff. The roof is best to do a gable and cover with any available material: slate, tile, etc.
Proper floor design is very important because it allows you to conveniently clean and clean the room. It is more convenient to make the floor continuous with the organization of drains. However, according to the technology, slotted floorings made of boards, plastic, reinforced concrete are considered more correct. It is necessary to organize the sewage system for the sewage.
The floor is necessarily covered with dry and moisture absorbing material. It is best to use straw cutting, sawdust. The initial layer - from 2 to 6 centimeters, which increases as you pour. It is important to remember that pigs most often meet their natural needs away from the feeders and resting places.
Of course, like any other animal, pigs need enough light. During the laying of the walls we provide the necessary number of windows. Do not forget about wiring to establish electrical lighting. There should be enough windows so that sunlight can freely penetrate the pigsty.
Important! Artificial lighting helps to preserve the light mode in winter and autumn. It is desirable to provide in different areas of the room different degrees of lighting.
Some important points
To set up a pigsty for 50 animals, the following parameters should be included in the project:
- the width of the coronavoid corridor is 2 meters;
- width of transverse passages - 1.5-2 m;
- on one piglet we allocate the area - 0,5-1 sq. m .;
- machine depth - 3 m;
- pig pen - 12 square meters. m
Video "Super modern pigsty and its device"
In this video you can see how you can build a modern room for growing pigs. How new farming technologies work and what they allow, find out now.