What do we know about the development of pig breeding in Belarus?

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


In different countries of the world pig breeding has its own principles and individual characteristics. What is the state of pig breeding in Belarus, and what breeds of pigs are most popular for growing? About this and many other things you will learn from our review.

How are pigs raised?

In the Republic of Belarus, intensive work is currently being done to restore pig breeding as a once very large-scale branch of state and private livestock breeding. After the outbreak of African swine fever (from April 2013 to October 2014), the Belarusian pig industry experienced serious difficulties. To compensate for the difficult period on the orders of the President of the country, state farms began to increase the number of pigs.

Tribal work

In Belarus, great attention is paid to breeding work, since maintaining the quality of the breed among pigs already existing in state farms is a constant task. Breeding material is very different - basically, it is the so-called maternal and paternal pigs, which give life to new pedigree piglets. The most popular breeds are Landrace, Belarusian white and meat, Duroc, black-and-white.

Demand trends

Despite the fact that both Russians, Belarusians, and Ukrainians love meat, they love lard no less. Pure pork and products made from it form the basis of the diet of many Slavs. But in recent years, the demand for lard has reached the same level as the demand for meat. Therefore, the emphasis in the breeds is on meat and greasy pigs.

Implementation

Growing pigs is only the beginning, because the resulting product must be sold. In the near future, agricultural experts predict for Belarus, as in the past, foreign trade, pork exports to Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and other neighboring countries. The domestic market also requires goods, so there are quite a few prospects.

Aspects of content

The content of pigs in the Republic of Belarus is built according to classical methods using large land areas and many types of feed. By 2018, according to the plan drawn up and announced by the Government of Belarus, the number of pigs should be at least doubled. The expected amount of pork to the same period should be about 485 thousand tons.

The primary task is to complete and restore abandoned and broken pigsty, as well as state pastures. There is a lot of territory in the country, and the potential for the development of pig breeding is enormous. What exactly the nuances of the content is now most relevant, you will learn further.

Types of pigsties

For the maintenance of pigs in Belarus use classic pigsty and tent hangar facilities. The latter are only gaining popularity, the majority of pigs are contained in standard buildings, many of which have been reconstructed since the Soviet period. Awning pigsty - the prerogative of small farms in the regions least affected by the African swine fever and having a quick development perspective.

Stern

The quality of domestic Belarusian pig feed is quite high. In addition, in order to develop feed technologies, experts invent more and better combinations. Crop feed, received in the past and expected in the present, is the feed base. Various vitamin complexes and supplements are purchased mainly in Europe. There, the pig industry in the feed direction has an excellent base.

The most suitable breed for breeding

Landrace, Duroc, Yorkshire, large white and Belarusian meat products are the most popular and beloved by selectors and technologists of the pig breed in Belarus. These breeds of pigs are most suitable for producing highly productive individuals and strengthening the heterosis line.

Belarusian white

It is a large breed with good characteristics, besides it has high genetic indicators. For Belarus, this pig is almost a symbol of agriculture. Belarusian pig is almost 90% of the total mass of breeding pigs. Meat characteristics: salted pork fat - 25 mm, meat yield - 60%, weight gain average per day - 780 grams, reaches a mass of 100 kg in 183 days.

Belarusian meat

Pork of this type is considered one of the most delicious, not only in the republic, but also according to foreign experts. The pig is similar to white, but has a slightly more rounded torso. The back of the massive, gives large hams after processing. The weight of the breed is gaining quickly, the weight gain is about 830 grams per day.

Photo Gallery

Photo 1. Pig breed Belarusian large white Photo 2. Belarusian meat breed pig Photo 3. Piglets of large white breed

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Загрузка...

Загрузка...

Popular Categories