It is most convenient to keep pigs in a room specially equipped for these animals. For a small herd, this building is no less important than for a large herd. We suggest using our advice if you decide to build a pigsty for 10 heads with your own hands, the video in the article will help you get a better idea of the process.
What should be the sty?
This correct pigsty should be built taking into account the climate of the region in which pigs are bred. If it is northern latitudes, it is necessary to warm the walls, heating and the absence of drafts. If the southern region - enough controlled heating and the absence of cracks in the walls, as well as large windows for the normal amount of sun. The minimum distance from the pigsty to residential buildings - 15 meters, and better and more.
If you have only 10 heads of pigs, it will be more convenient and practical to form a separate machine or a pen for each animal. Its dimensions must be at least 200 cm in length and 250 cm in width. The door height is also 200 cm. For pigs on the face, you can slightly reduce the size of the pen - 200x200 cm. If you plan to create a group pen, count on the same area. In group housing it is bad that the piglets will have to be temporarily removed from adult pigs so that they will not be trampled.
Group pens, as well as individual enclosures, do with the floor under the slope for waste drains (manure and urine). It is best that the lowest part of the common pen of the pigsty (or individual machines) is covered with a grate, under which the waste container is located. Then it will be easier for you to clean up after pets and the cleaning process will take much less time.
The walking ground of the pigsty for 10 animals should be at least 100 square meters in area. meters This is the average rate for boars and pregnant sows - 10 square meters. meters for each. With your own hands, you can also install a canopy over the platform - in summer it will save pets from overheating or rain. By the way, if you plan to build a pigsty personally, you can sketch out a rough plan yourself, based on the existing layout of the premises more. All calculations in this case can be adjusted by the number of goals.
The two main parameters, the observance of the norms of which contributes to the productivity and health of animals - ventilation and waste disposal. The less waste accumulates and decomposes in the room, the less harm is to pigs and the environment. Ventilation allows you to maintain an optimal temperature indicator of air and prevents overheating of animals. Pigsty for 10 heads can be built by yourself without any problems. Then you can see the photos for which it is easy to understand how the construction is carried out.
Instructions for making
To build your own pigsty, have patience and instruction. We will tell you in which order it is better to build this room, and in the photo gallery you will see photos of various stages of construction and ready-made pigsty. To begin, make a rough plan and estimate. It should be compiled taking into account all costs (real and theoretical), so to speak, with a margin. The next step is to purchase the necessary tools and materials.
The necessary materials for high-quality construction of a pigsty do it yourself:
- wooden blanks (logs and boards, beams, strips and other wooden material of various lengths and diameters);
- bricks or cinder blocks;
- sand mixture;
- flooring for roofing (professional sheet, slate, tile);
- special waterproofing film;
- drill, screwdriver, concrete mixer (if you do not have ready-made concrete);
Other tools you will need: a shovel, trowel (trowel), handsaw, hammer, fasteners (corners, nails, screws, locks). In addition, you will definitely need knives, saws, a tape measure, an ax, a laser or water level, a chisel and foam.
Any building rests on the foundation, so our pigsty is no exception. Concrete is poured into a hole dug under the foundation, and after hardening several layers of roofing material are laid. Then they line the floor surface with lags (boards, between which crushed stone or cement will be poured). Part of the gaps left empty, placing them in the pallets, from which it will then be convenient to do the excavation of waste. You can lay the floor joists so that the height of the passage coincides with the height of the pallet (about 30 cm), and its width allows you to almost completely extend the capacity.
With this arrangement of pallets, the passage between the machines is made on one side or in the middle. But in the case of a pigsty for 10 heads, a side passage is the best option both in terms of space and accessibility of pens for cleaning. Total, the size of the pigsty in length (per 10 pigs) - 25 meters, taking into account the tambour.
In width - 5 meters with one corridor for passage along the pens. The height of the room must be at least 2.3 meters. The height of the machine is not less than 180 cm, the width is not less than 250 cm. The photo below shows the Soviet version of the wooden pork machine, but the basic parameters are observed.The scheme of the machine for one pig
The walls of the pigsty make brick, cinder or wooden. The interior walls are made using wood paneling, so the building becomes warmer.
The roof is made shed, cover with roofing material, tiles, in short, any material that will be easier to get. We also recommend waterproofing the roof, otherwise in a pigsty, under certain conditions, it may be damp all year round.
Windows, doors and other subtleties
Two windows on the desired area will be enough, because in a too bright room the pigs gain weight worse. The maximum number of windows on such an area is 2 pieces, the height of the window is up to 120 cm, the width is up to 90 cm. The distance from the floor to the window is 1.5 meters. The distance between the windows is about 12 meters.
Ventilation should be carried out at the expense of pipe-corrugations, laid on the street through the wall. In case of a bad pipe, a heater is placed at the base of the pipe. The diameter of the ventilation pipe is not less than 50 cm; 2 pipes will be required for the indicated area at different ends of the room.
The partitions between the pens are usually made of metal so that the pigs and piglets do not crush them. The same applies to feeders, and doors - they must be made of metal or durable plastic.
Self-made wooden feeding tanks have long been inferior in quality to bunker ones, which include at least two feed buckets and there is a compartment for mineral additives. The feeder should be located immediately at the entrance to the machine - left or right. The height of the bunker trough is about 110 cm, width is 65 cm, length is 100 cm, and one such trough is placed in each machine. The video below presents a mini-review of the bunker trough.