The horse Persheron, the photo of which is presented below, is considered one of the most beautiful and strong horses. Scientists have found evidence that even during the Ice Age in the territory of modern Europe, horses lived very much resembling this breed. But what was the fate of animals? How were they helpful to man and what is their role today? Read all about this further in the article.
History of origin
The Percheron breed has a rather interesting origin history. Their homeland is considered the province of Persh. According to historical data, it was located in Normandy itself, closer to the south in the direction from the mouth of the river Seine. This opinion is shared by most specialists of horse breeders and scientists who are involved in the field. But the opinions about when the breed appeared, rather contradictory.
According to one of them, these animals are descendants of ancient French horses. The second opinion says that this is a new breed recently bred and as an argument they cite the fact that it became known only at the beginning of the 19th century. So, based on the first opinion, the ancient French horse was very similar to Percheron. She was of medium height and very strong build. Possessed incredible strength, performance and endurance. Unlike modern Percheron, her suit in most cases was a bay.
In the time of Julius Caesar, this breed was bred for military cavalry. Later, in the time of the knights, a large horse with a powerful physique was bred, which could easily carry a knight in heavy uniform. It is this knight's horse that is considered the direct ancestor of the Percheron breed. Further, when the heavy knightly cavalry had sunk into the past, the horse was relocated from a horseman to a harness animal.
Since the beginning of the XVIII century there were needs for different types of horses. So several more types were derived. Among them remained a large heavy horse for work in cities and on farms, and a lighter and smaller horse that was used as a horse. Such a division of Persheronov is also found in the Russian edition of "The magazine of horse-breeding and hunting" for 1853. The golden time for these horses came in the period of mass use of omnibuses. Then the demand for them was very high, and their breeding was considered the most profitable.
The Percheron breed experienced its heyday from 1880 to 1920. Then they carried out all the main functions of transport and agricultural work. Then the sharp mechanization led to a large reduction in the number of these animals. In the 1960s and 1970s, the breed almost disappeared without a trace. But with the beginning of the 80s for horses they invented a new use and their number began to increase. Today, Percheron is a horse that is massively used in sports, recreation and entertainment.
Due to the constant selection work, the appearance of representatives of the Percheron breed was constantly changing, but today we can see them in the photo. The debate about which horse was originally, is still ongoing. Modern Persherons are massive, bony and rather large horses. On average, their height at withers varies from 154 cm to 172 cm. The weight of an animal easily reaches a ton. The color of the representatives of the breed is predominantly gray, less often black, as can be seen from the photos and videos, but there are also various trainers.
Their head is medium in size with a prominent broad forehead. The ears are long and soft. The eyes are large and expressive. The nose bridge is flat and the nose is flat with large nostrils. The neck is long and slightly curved. On the neck there is a thick mane. Percheron’s shoulder is oblique with well-marked withers.
The sternum is impressively expressive, while the breast itself is deep and wide. The ridge is short, without bends. Strong hip with well defined muscles. The croup is wide and muscular, and the legs are dry and powerful. You can see the representative of the rocks in more detail in the photo and video in the article.
Whose blood flows in modern Persherona?
Today, many fans of the Percheron breed are in active debate about what gene pool these horses have. According to one of the assumptions, half-blooded English and Danish horses took an active part in their selection. But this is quite a controversial statement. With regard to breeding work, then you can argue only one thing. Namely, the fact that Arabic blood flows in Persheronah.
The first information about this dates back to the VIII century. Then, after the defeat of the Moors at Poitiers, several Arabian horses were brought to France. After the importation of horses, they immediately began to cross with the ancestors of Percheron. Further, Count Robert de Rotru after the first crusade in the 11th century brought several more Arab individuals to the country. There is also information that in 1760 Perch horse breeders were allowed to use in the breeding of Arabian horses from the plant Le Pen.
During the Great French Revolution, the breed almost disappeared. But already in 1803, Napoleon himself issued a decree on the restoration of the Percheron breed. So in 1820 Persh horse breeders were again brought Turkish and Arabian horses. Thus, Percherons retained the pride and playfulness of the Arabs even to this day. Also, from them, most likely, inherited and gray color.