Today, the shedding system for keeping rabbits is very popular. This is due to the fact that the rabbit breeder to create houses for furry inhabitants will need a minimum amount of materials and tools. Standard projects, ready-made drawings and diagrams will help even an inexperienced livestock owner to build a habitat for the animals. About all the disadvantages and advantages of breeding animals in the sheds, especially the construction of this housing for different individuals can be found in this article.
For rabbits and males
Sheds are several medium-sized cells that are combined into one large system. There are single-tier and two-tier structures. A corridor is left between two rows (minimum width - 1 m), a roof is installed on top. It can be from any roofing material, for example, from polycarbonate or slate.
The rabbit farm of the Sheds is protected only from above, thanks to which the animals can breathe fresh air. Houses can be of different sizes. The most suitable for small individuals are cells whose length is at least 50-60 cm.
Tribal males should be kept in spacious sheds (more than 1 m). The dwelling of the female should be divided into 2 zones: in one of them to equip the nesting compartment, in the other the rabbit will be able to retire and rest.
Each cage has an attached feeder and drinker. The peculiarities of shed constructions are their multifunctionality and simplicity. In each department lives one large individual or several babies. Adults do not fight among themselves, since there are dividing nets between their dwellings (they are inclined to the top). The back part of the building, in which the shads are arranged in rows, is a blank wall.
Advantages and disadvantages
Industrial shed structures are usually made large. Parameters of one cage: about 3 m wide, 50-60 m long. In one such sheda there can live several adult animals or from 5 to 8 babies that will soon grow.
On small farms, it is advisable to design sheds of standard sizes (length 50-70 cm), suitable for a particular breed. But if they contain, for example, flanders, it is worthwhile to build open-air cages more spacious - up to 1 m long.
Shed maintenance of rabbits has several advantages:
- free space, rooms are effectively used;
- there is an increase in the productivity of the rabbit farm;
- economic activities are well organized;
- it is possible to simultaneously contain a large number of livestock;
- separate compartments are allocated to females and rabbits;
- animals live in comfortable conditions;
- optimum temperature is maintained;
- There is a possibility of designing a shed of the required dimensions.
Although this type of farm has many positive qualities, it is impossible to do without cons. The disadvantage of the system is the need for additional cell insulation before the winter months. You will also need individual weatherization of the queen cells.
Another negative side - in water tanks from December to February water freezes. Because of this, eared can not adhere to normal diet. To eliminate this drawback, it is worth covering the sheds with homemade shields.
There are several typical projects of sheds in which from 1.2 to 3 thousand animals can live. In the presence of a large herd, it will be easier for the farmer to select a ready-made project. The building with a canopy can be made of reinforced concrete, wood or polycarbonate. It is necessary to take into account the climatic zone and the availability of funds for building materials.
There are model projects, for example, for 200 compartments (branches) No. 806-2-4. According to him, a shed is built of 4 single-tier cages in which four females or a similar number of males will live. For a large herd, the construction of two-tier Sheds of 100 cages on each floor is recommended. More than 200 rabbits can live in them.
Pros and cons of polycarbonate
Keeping eared in sheds is good in that the farmer can build a structure made of virtually any material. Polycarbonate is used for decoration and construction. Usually it serves as a covering material.
The advantages of polycarbonate sheds are: fire resistance, moisture resistance, heat insulation, flexibility, resistance to mechanical damage. They are also resistant to corrosion and deformation, do not fade. Structures made of this material do an excellent job with wind loads, temperature fluctuations, impacts, moisture.
Along with the advantages of such a roof, there are a number of disadvantages: it collapses under the influence of ultraviolet rays, is deformed under the action of low and high temperature regimes, the surface is not enough abrasive, it is easily scratched.
How to make a shed for rabbits with your own hands
It’s generally easy to build sheds for rabbits with your own hands. Their construction takes a little time (from 1 to 3 days). For the successful construction of the rabbit bale will need drawings, materials, tools.
Usually the cage is made of galvanized mesh. The floor in it must be made of lath plywood or plastic so that animals do not injure the paws. In each dwelling for a rabbit retractable trays are equipped, which the owner of the farm can easily clean.
A farmer can save time by installing automatic drinkers and waste-free feeders.
If there is a wasteless feeder in the cage, it is necessary to fill up the food only once in 4-7 days. In winter, it is advisable to heat the animals water, rather than water them from automatic devices. In sheds it is obligatory to place fluorescent lamps and heaters.
The shelter for individuals must be erected so that a person can reach any aviary. Lay the water and food, clean, process and check the cells should be according to the schedule. This will allow healthy and large rabbits to grow.
Tools and materials
First, select the material from which we will build the frame. For this fit a tree. The cells will be arranged in several rows on both sides of the building. Experienced rabbit growers use metal (galvanized steel) for building pet departments. Transparent polycarbonate will be an excellent material for exterior decoration of houses. It will protect sheds from wind and bad weather.
- scissors for cutting the grid;
- measuring tape;
- adhesive mixtures;
- nails, screws;
- conventional or cordless screwdriver.
Advance should do the preparation of the grid, uneven bars, slats, roofs and slats. Before the construction of the rabbit housing, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the finished drawings.
About sizes and drawings
Sheds may have different dimensions, so you should make a drawing with an indication of the size. The main thing is to remember that a young brood will feel great in a cage whose height is 50 cm, and a length of 55-60 cm. The size of the cage for rabbits and males must be at least 1 m long.
During the construction of the sheds, it is worth paying attention to the approach: the breeder walks along the corridor and the cages on his right and left are accessible to him. The lower tier should be located at a height of 60-70 cm from the ground, as the animals do not tolerate moisture.
Phased construction of sheds
The first thing a farmer needs is to build a wooden frame. It must be high strength. To avoid mistakes, it is necessary to recheck the work done with the help of the level. We connect prepared by the size of the structure of the bars for the base.
Next, collect the basis for the cells. To do this, you also need to use the wood bars. With their help, the entire height of the frame is divided into several tiers. For each compartment is left 50 cm in height.
Between the 2 rows the rabbit breeder should be left free space - a corridor (about a meter), it will be needed to install metal gutters (intended for collecting rabbit excrement).
The next stage is to make the bottom of wooden slats, between which there should be a distance of 1.4-1.6 cm. Then you need to cut the grid into squares of the desired size. They close all parts of the cell.
All 4 sides of the open-air cage will be netted, with other cells located on the sides. The side grids are installed with a slope upwards so that animals from different compartments do not contact and fight. The back side will be additionally protected by a blank wall of the building.
The grid must be attached to the outside of the bars. This will allow the rabbits to safely move around the cage and not be injured.
The mesh door is fastened and fixed on the front wall with hinges. The farm owner should make sure that it closes tightly. You can hang a lock on it.
Top should cover the shed roof structure. The roof is constructed under a slight slope so that the precipitations on it do not remain and do not spoil the surface.
Studying various options for keeping animals, we advise you to get acquainted with the article "Breeding rabbits in the pits."
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