What are the signs of visually detecting the presence of mastitis in a cow? Prevention measures? Is it an infectious disease? If so, how contagious is it? What and how to treat? (Victor)
Mastitis is one of the most unpleasant diseases of a cow. And about its existence in your cows can be found on many grounds. Let's just say that it is almost impossible not to notice it. Now, as for your questions, we will answer in order.
So, the first thing to say - mastitis is not an infectious disease, so it is non-infectious and does not pose any danger to humans. But the animal gives a lot of discomfort, as it is associated with inflammatory processes.
The main reasons for its occurrence lie in the wrong care and maintenance of the cows. For example, it can be caused by wet bedding, violation of the milking regime, non-hygiene, bruising of the udder or hypothermia, and diseases of the genital organs are also rare. Mastitis occurs mainly as a result of the penetration of microbes from the outside among the udder. That is why the nipples and their health should be carefully monitored so that microbes do not get inside through wounds and cracks.
As for the symptoms, they depend on the degree and form of the disease. To learn about this in detail, we propose from our article "How to protect the female from mastitis."
Treatment and Prevention
Until recently, the treatment of mastitis was only possible with the use of potent antibiotics. However, today there are already many drugs that are mainly used by local means. In the acute form of the disease, the cow's udder must be removed as quickly as possible from germs. To do this, every 1.5-2 hours the milk is decanted, and the nipples are treated with a special ointment.
Also, some experts recommend introducing a solution of 2% streptocide, potassium permanganate or ethacridine lactate into the udder. With special acute forms, a 1% streptocide solution is administered intravenously. As a prevention, you can specify:
- strict hygiene;
- milking mode;
- rules for animals;
- examination of the genitals;
- prevention of udder edema after childbirth;
- massage and udder inspection.