There is such a natural phenomenon in the animal world as a hornless cow. It is such an animal that is called komoly. What are the reasons for this feature and why it appears in cows, read further in our article.
Why is a cow called komola?
It has long been the case that even in Russia the hornless burenka bore the name "komoly cow." Moreover, komolost in animals is not only congenital, but also acquired. Most often, the last version of Komol in our time appears in the animal with the help of man. This is done intentionally. In addition, there are even special breeds, in which beskorost - unconditional breed quality.
The naturelessness is peculiar to such breeds as Redpol, Komolaya Swedish, Abedendin-Angus, East Finnish and Russian Komolya. The last breed is the youngest, it was bred only in 2007. In appearance, these animals are special, most often large. And the rest, except for the absence of horns, these cows are no different from other breeds. And their dairy performance is high, and meat productivity does not suffer.
Is gracelessness some kind of violation? No, this is a natural feature and it is inherent in nature to all large animals, such as sheep, sheep, goats. The origin of the word "komoly" in Russian goes back to such concepts as "naked", "broken off", "broken". Close to the meaning of this concept and the word "bump" and "bump". This comparison is explained by the fact that in place of normal horns such cows have only rudimentary horn tubercles.
Causes of Komol
The reasons for which komol occurs, primarily are of a genetic nature. Such a gene exists in the DNA of any representative of cattle and is manifested with certain combinations of genes. If you cross two hornless animals, the offspring of the first generation will be hornless, the second - with rudimentary horns, and the third - 75% of the hornless and 25% horned. This is explained by the fact that the komol gene dominates over the cattle gene.
It is for this reason that at breeding factories, technologists quite easily calculate what offspring will come about when crossing several species of breeds. By the way, all over the world, cows without horns are cheaper than cows with horns. Some species of animals, for example, American Herefords, when crossed with other breed lines, give rise to a new species of horny cows.
In industrial livestock, horns are sometimes artificially removed by animals. This is the way to prevent injury to herd members by more aggressive animals. In order to minimize the harm to the animal, such a procedure is carried out at an early age in calves or with the use of anesthesia during the adult period of life.