The timely castration of rabbits helps to combat the serious changes in the character and aggressiveness that accompany the onset of puberty. If you do not plan to make a male producer, then be sure to think about the operation that will drown out the animal's instincts. In the industrial rabbit breeding, such a procedure improves the taste characteristics of the meat and the quality of the skins, and at home it saves the owners from night shouts and unpleasant odors.
Necessary in the rabbit meat procedure
At the onset of puberty in animals, the instinct awakens, requiring reproduction of the offspring. Rabbits become extremely aggressive and begin to fight other males, causing serious injuries to each other. And smelling the smell of a rabbit ready for mating, the males begin to shout loudly and mark the corners of the cage or aviary, filling the room with unpleasant odors.
Timely castration of rabbits prevents the saturation of meat with toxic substances and hormones, making it taste softer and more tender. Farmers involved in the cultivation of animals for meat, conduct such a procedure is mandatory.
After castration, deprived gonads, the animals eat better, gain industrial weight more quickly and have a skin of excellent quality.
When kept at home, timely castration of ornamental rabbits is a necessary procedure that ensures the owners' peace of mind and the transformation of aggressive males into tender and compliant animals.
Sterilization as an intermediate solution
To get rid of animals from the sex glands, you can use various operations - more gentle sterilization of the rabbit or its castration.
During sterilization, ligation of the fallopian tubes in females and seminal ducts in males is performed. These complex operations are called vasectomy and are performed only by experienced veterinarians, as they are associated with opening the skin.
When carrying out such an operation, there is a risk of an infection in the body of the pet, which will almost certainly lead to the death of the animal.
Remember that rabbits sterilized in this way do not lose their desire to mate, and their behavior is no different from the habits of full-fledged animals.
Males behave in the same way restlessly, begin to gnaw cages and scream loudly, mark corners. When admitted to the rabbit, they copulate with pleasure, but are not able to produce offspring.
Therefore, think carefully before sterilizing your pets and keep in mind that only castration of rabbits can make the animals manageable, tender and playful.
Surgical removal of the ovaries and testes
It is widely believed that only males are castrated. But this is not true.
Ovariectomy can remove the ovaries from the rabbit, and during ovariohysterectomy, the ovaries and uterus. Immediately after castration, the rabbit devoid of the main genital organs becomes very calm and even tender. It does not emit specific substances that irritate males and affect their behavior.
For rabbits raised for meat, surgical removal of the testicles in which the testes are located is performed. Timely castration changes the character of the animal, which becomes imposing and peaceful. He has a great appetite, loves to play and is easy to train, which is very important for decorative animals.
Despite the fact that rabbit castration is a psychologically unpleasant process, it has many advantages. Especially if you have to solve a problem, what to do with babies born every 2-3 months.
What kind of pets it is advisable to castrate
First of all, determine for yourself whether you are going to castrate a pet. The best time for such an operation is considered to be 3-4 months old. At this point, the male testicles descend into the scrotum and are easy to remove along with it.
Castrate animals in an open or closed way. The operation is performed by a veterinarian or an experienced rabbit breeder.
The older the rabbit, the harder it endures castration. And for animals whose age exceeds 5 years, it is strictly prohibited, as it can lead to death.
The main indications for castration of adult animals are:
- increased aggressiveness;
- systematic fights with other animals;
- diseases of the genitourinary system;
- preparation of the rejected manufacturer for slaughter.
For a decorative rabbit, the absence of testes is an additional advantage, which allows you to safely leave such a beast even with small children. The eared pet is ill less, lives longer, does not do tags in the apartment.
The main disadvantages and risks of the operation are the introduction of infections into the wound, the desire of some animals to free themselves from the suture, as well as payment for veterinarian services.
Gentle closed castration method
If you have to castrate a rabbit at home, then choose the most suitable method for this.
The technique of the closed method is very simple, but it is suitable only for the castration of rabbits with their own hands, in which the testes have completely descended into the testicles.
Ask an assistant to lift your pet up, holding it at the front of your torso. The scrotum into which the testicles descend is tightly tied at the very base with a harsh or silk thread that completely stops its blood supply.
If the dressing is done correctly, then no more than a week later the scrotum with testicles will disappear on its own, after castration, the healing process is almost painless.
With seeming simplicity, this operation carries serious threats, since inflammatory processes can develop in a loosely tied scrotum, which can lead to the death of your pet.
Open castration method and its features
The open method of surgical removal of the testes is more complex. Before casting a rabbit, you must carefully prepare for such an operation.
It is very important to carry it out in a special operating room using a sterile scalpel, syringe and dressings. The operation is performed under anesthesia, which is easily tolerated by young animals, and for adult rabbits it is extremely dangerous.
It is recommended to clean the operating area, for which wool is removed on it, and treatment is carried out using iodine or alcohol. A small incision is made in the upper part of the scrotum, then the testes are removed. The wound is necessarily treated with streptocide.
Immediately after castration, the animal must be placed in its cage, in which there must be fresh litter and clean water. Feed the animal should be the same food as usual, but give preference to vitaminized food. If the rabbit does not eat in the first hours after the operation, then do not force him to do it, and from the second day you need to start feeding him violently.
Remember that it is better not to save money and to entrust the conduct of such an operation to a veterinarian who knows how to rattle rabbits and conduct a neutering in accordance with all sanitary and hygiene requirements.
The operation at home
Now let's talk about whether it is possible to castrate rabbits at home, and whether special knowledge is needed for this. If you are a professional rabbit breeder and have experience in assisting a veterinarian in carrying out such operations, then you can handle it yourself.
At home, castration is performed without the use of anesthesia, so you need an assistant, who will have to firmly hold the desperately torn animal. Be sure to cut your nails, wash your hands thoroughly with soap, and treat your fingertips with iodine solution.
After making a neat incision on the top of the scrotum, carefully remove the spermatic cords and drag them with thread. Best of all for such purposes fit silk thread size number 10. Cut the seed canals a few millimeters below the sling and remove the testes.
Carefully return the remnants of the spermatic cord into the animal's womb, and treat the wound with an antiseptic. In order not to infect the infection, it is better not to impose a suture on it.
There is a method of twisting the seminal canals and the separation of the testicles. If you do not have sufficient skills, then do not risk and do not use it so as not to risk the health of your pet.
In any case, for surgery and castration is better to take the help of a professional veterinarian.
Pros and cons sterilization rabbit
Whether it is necessary to castrate animals, each owner decides individually.
If you are anxious about your pet and do not want to change the hormonal background of his body, then it can be sterilized. This procedure is especially useful for bunnies, who completely retain their habits, enter the period of hunting and mate with males. In addition, the process is less painful.
Sterilization and castration are two completely different procedures that give different results. If the castrated rabbit completely loses interest in the reproduction of rabbit young, then the sterilized live a full life, but are not able to get pregnant and crawl.
When you sterilize a decorative rabbit, try to carry out this operation at a young age, when the animal has a stronger immune system and is easier to bear the pain load.
As a rule, the veterinarian violates the patency of the fallopian tubes, making several incisions that form scars and thickenings during healing, so it is not recommended to perform such an operation on your own.
After the operation, provide the rabbit with rest, do not take her in her arms for several days. You can play with it only after complete healing of the wound.
Check out our article "How to determine the sex of the rabbit" to accurately understand this issue.
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