French meat heavyweights - cows of Charolais breed

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Unusual French breed of cows Charolais has a lot of advantages. Good heredity, fast acclimatization, long breeding history (about 200 years of mass breeding) are just some additional advantages. What is so remarkable and what this breed is valued for, we suggest finding out with us.

Breed overview

The main advantage that the Charolais cow breed can boast is an impressive muscle mass and a classic meat body build. In addition, the meat of these cows is considered low-fat and belongs to the category of lean. The Sharolez cow has a very recognizable constitution, attractive appearance and increased size. Many adults, especially bulls, look frightening - they have so many muscles, and they stand so well on the surface of the body.

Currently, Charolais is bred in many countries of the world, including Russia, where one of the largest breeding plants "Kumskoy" (Stavropol Territory) is located. By the way, breeding bulls of this breed are used for breeding improvement of other breeds. At breeding plants, breeding is carried out only pure, without admixture of other breeds.

Origin

The breed of Charolais cows is from France. The beginning of the tribal book was laid back in 1864. The origin of the name gave the city of Charles, where such a cow was first bred. Later individuals with a large muscle mass and a characteristic body stock quickly spread throughout the French lands. The main part of the genetic stock of modern Charolais was formed on the basis of alpine and Swiss cows.

Several additional attempts were made to improve the tribal line, but after their failure, it was decided to abandon the idea. Thus, already in the middle of the 19th century, the Sharolezian breed was finally formed and later bred by purebred breeding.

Appearance

Attractive and impressive appearance - this is a feature by which you easily recognize Charolais breed cows. White-faced individuals with a bright nose, short head and rather broad frontal part of the skull. The neck is short, the chest is deep, fleshy and wide, with characteristic muscular "snowdrifts". The long and wide rear part of the body, a high enough height at the withers is about 135 cm and the body is about 170 cm long. Bulls can be much larger than cows.

The extremities of males and females are low, strong, the ratio of the back and front length of the body is almost the same. When fattening cows gain mainly muscle, not fat. An adult bull weighs about 1,200 kg, and a cow weighs up to 700 kg. Milkiness is high, about 2000 kg of milk per year. Calves weigh about 45 kg at birth, and calves may weigh up to 42 kg at birth.

Productivity

Sharolezian thoroughbred grow very quickly, and daily increments persist up to 2 years of age. In six months, the calf can weigh more than 250 kg. Milk production is very high. From one cow during the milking period, from 1,200 kg to 2,000 kg of milk are obtained, and, in the breed's homeland, in France, milk yield reaches up to 2,500 kg of milk per year. The average fat content of the product is 4%.

To get 210 kg of pure meat product from one Charolais bull, it must be grown for an average of 136 days. Adults are extremely productive, and they are used in domestic French households as a force for up to 13-15 years. In Russia, this practice of economic use of cows is much less common. The meat of cows with age does not "grow old", that is, the taste is very high, despite the age of the animal.

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