Hunters know well what a gray partridge looks like, because this is the most common species in our area. Referring to the family of pheasants, this plain-looking bird is a desired trophy. However, many amateurs in private plots keep it today. What is this kind of partridges and how they differ from others, let's talk in more detail. Find out more about this bird also from videos and photos.
The gray partridge is a small bird that looks like a domesticated little chicken. Today it lives in many parts of Europe and especially in the western part of Asia. Also common in Canada and North America. However, its natural habitat is considered the southern regions of Western Siberia and Kazakhstan.
The gray partridge for life chooses steppes, meadows and open fields with beams and ravines. The bird loves space, so somewhere in the woods and plantings you should not look for it. And this is due to nutrition. Since this species of wild birds feeds mainly on grains of millet, oats and buckwheat, the field selects the corresponding ones. In Western Siberia, their habitat is birch pegs with thick tall grass.
Today, scientists can confidently say that the gray partridge originated from two prehistoric bird species. Her ancestors, judging by the excavations and fossils, inhabited the entire southern part of Europe and were included in the diet of the ancient Neanderthals. Birds, as a full-fledged separate species, formed in the late Pleistocene. However, not everyone supports this view on the origin of the bird. Many believe that it originated from the Late Pliocene of Transbaikalia and Northern Mongolia.
The gray partridge, which is clearly seen in the photo, is a small bird with a dense body of a rounded shape. The case length is not more than 33 centimeters. The tail is short, the head is small, well developed chest and back. The beak and legs are painted in dark colors, the general color is dominated by gray and gray-brown. The upper part of the feathers has a pockmarked color with a combination of brown specks.
The sides and tail have a reddish tint. The cheeks and throats of the bird are also painted in a bright color, and there is a rusty stain on the bright abdomen. The color of the females is much lighter than that of the males, but the overall color gamut is the same. See the photo for more details.
Gray partridges during breeding live in pairs, at all the rest of the time they gather together in small flocks. They fly very low above the ground, flapping their wings loudly. Different biotopes inhabit different parts of Europe and Asia. For example, it can be steppes with high grasses, river valleys and plains, forest-steppe, grass fields and forest edges, ravines. Nests are built on the ground in secluded places, carefully lined with grass and twigs.
As for the voice, here there is a very great similarity with domestic chickens. For example, the male makes a sound like a loud "crow", and females cackle like hens. For our country, this bird is very important and is an integral part of culture and national cooking. It is important to say that, as a symbol, a gray partridge is depicted on the coat of arms of the Kursk region.