Unique in its kind and useful carrier pigeons have long been famous for great popularity. Indeed, in the old days, it was thanks to these birds that kings and earls received important letters from their officials. How these birds appeared and what species they are, we suggest reading our article with informative videos. And pictures and photos of various breeds of pigeons, will be an excellent complement when reading.
Carrier pigeons are a unique species of birds that were used many thousands of years ago to transmit important messages over long distances. In our time, these birds are called sports. There is no definite gradation on clear breeds in this species of pigeons, however, the postage qualities of this species of birds are developed only by persistent selection of relatives and training. Nowadays, the "pigeon" as the term is used very rarely, but the "sports pigeon" is often used.
The actual application of the qualities of this category of pigeons is found only in special competitions. Such birds are very accustomed to their place of residence, and even after hundreds of kilometers they can find their home. This phenomenon is widely studied by ornithologists as it is unique in its nature. Next, we offer to see an interesting video about postal birds.
Where did it come from?
The first mention of postman birds is attributed to the period of development of the civilization of ancient Egypt, that is, about 5 thousand years ago. There are chronicle testimonies of such pigeons in the East. In those days, with such messengers they transmitted mostly business mail, as well as love messages. Papyrus or other tissue was attached to the leg or attached to the neck. Later, in the early Middle Ages, the pigeon served the crusaders and kings. Well, Belgium is officially considered the birthplace of the descendants of modern postal birds.
Currently, postal flyers are used only for participation in club competitions and aesthetic pleasure. Moreover, such competitions are allowed pigeons, regardless of age and gender. Birds for the purpose of fixing the professional quality are advised to constantly train and keep in a certain way. When a bird reaches the age of three, it begins to be released at a distance of more than 1000 km from the place of residence. For more information on how to train the birds, we offer a look in the next video.
Feeding and maintenance
To feed the pigeons may require a greater amount of feed than for ordinary, decorative breeds. On an ordinary diet, the usual cottage feed for the week is 410 grams, and on the reinforced diet - about 820 grams per week. Pets are fed at the same time three times a day (after sunrise, at one o'clock and before dusk). In the frosty season, feeding should also be nutritious and intense.
The main types of food: yellow peas, lentils, vetch, calcium supplements, sand, lime, salt, boiled potatoes, bran, flax seeds, rapeseed. You should regularly give pets fresh water that changes every day. They contain these birds in dry rooms, with sufficient lighting, usually the pigeon houses are made of wood, well protected from the wind. In rural areas often contain birds in attics. The main condition for maintenance is warm and dry, the possibility of departure, a spacious compound for landing.
What are the different types?
Post pigeons - do not have a clear division into categories, however, here you can also identify several of the most famous and oldest breeds. For example, English careers, Russian postal, German, Antwerp and others. You can learn more about them from the training videos and photos that we provide on our website.
By the way, German and Russian birds are very popular all over the world, along with ethnic postmen birds - Belgians. Next we look at the most popular types of sports pigeons, and in the pictures you can see how they look. The following entertaining video from the pigeon nursery, where sports flyers are kept and trained.
These flyers are the result of the work that German zootechnics did by crossing English and Antwerp individuals. At the time of launching, the German postal ones were more like decorative ones, since the selection was made on the basis of their exterior, and not flight qualities. It was thought that the dove will be early, fast-flying and beautiful. Outwardly, it is a compact bird with a long neck and a short beak, high on its feet, with a short tail and large eyes. Colors are very different: white, brown, gray, yellow, red. In the picture below you will see all the details of the appearance of the flyer.
Russian post is somewhat similar to German, but has a more elegant head and a sharper beak at the end. The wings are strong, slightly curved at the ends, legs without feathers, long enough, there are white rings around the eyes, and orange-red eyes. By color Russian postal are monochrome and variegated a variety of colors. Separately, it is worth mentioning the Ostankino - a branch, which gave Russian pigeons, they have black eyes.
Ancestors of quarries lived in Egypt and the countries of the Ancient East. They got to Europe only in the 14th century, as a result modern careers with excellent appearance and flight abilities appeared. The English quarry has a large body, rigid plumage, a small head and large brown or yellow-brown eyes with voluminous eyelids. The beak is long, straight and thick with growths (warts). The color can be variegated or monochromatic - gray, black, white, yellow, chestnut.
An old Belgian breed, improved in the 19th century by the Homers and the Turbits. The body is rounded, with a well-developed chest, a rounded head and a medium-sized neck. The eyes are dark, pale-colored eyelids, wings adjacent to the back and a narrow tail. The legs are of medium size, the feathers are short, they fit snugly to the body. Colors are very different: gray, gray, brown, pale blue, black, yellow, red. In the picture below you can see how the Antwerp sports flyer looks like.