What illnesses do horses have and how to treat them?

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If you are going to buy your own horse or seriously engage in horse riding, you certainly need to know the main diseases of horses. Fortunately, a sick animal is not difficult to distinguish from a healthy one in both external and internal state. In general, horses suffer from many ailments, but we will consider the most basic ones. What kind? Let's talk about it right now.

What should a novice know?

So, a healthy horse is different from a sick one in many ways. Firstly, she has a cheerful, cheerful look, and secondly, she has a smooth, shiny coat, good appetite and gleam in her eyes. A sick animal may show anxiety, anxiety, make a variety of movements, sullen appearance. All this, of course, depends on the illness itself. For example, when the legs are sick, the animal may limp or refuse to move, while in case of poisoning he will lose his appetite and intestinal upset.

In order to more accurately determine the disease, a horse is not only examined externally, but also checks body temperature, pulse, respiration rate. It is important to observe the feces and the work of the internal organs. Let's say right away that horses have two of the weakest points - the legs and the intestines. Almost all horses are exposed to diseases of the hooves and joints, as well as the gastrointestinal tract. We offer the following most basic indicators of a healthy horse:

  • Body temperature - 37.8-38.4 degrees;
  • 9-15 breaths per minute in a calm state;
  • 24-40 beats - pulse at rest;
  • The mucous membrane (mouth, nose) moist light pink color;
  • There is no any discharge from the nose, eyes, mouth, or coughing or sneezing.

Skin diseases

Skin diseases for any horse and rider are very painful. Their treatment always requires a lot of time and effort. In addition, if the animal has damaged skin, it cannot work and train normally. In the winter in stalls, horses are often exposed to parasitic diseases from lice or ticks. And in the summer more common problems with hypodermic fly and fly.

Scabies

Scabies is a skin inflammation that is caused by ticks and most often affects the legs of a horse. The parasites are invisible, so they can easily be transmitted from a sick animal to a healthy one. There are three types of the disease: lesion of the horse’s neck, head and upper body, scabs and lesions on the legs, rashes and scabs all over the body.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The animal stomps and constantly bites its feet or tries to scratch them on some objects;
  • The lesions become hairless and become scabs;
  • Severe itching, rash all over the body;
  • Skin peeling, compaction.
  • Such folk remedies as tar, alcohol, kerosene can be used to kill ticks and their eggs;
  • To smear the affected areas of the body with warm Wagenfeld ointment;
  • Wash wool with scabs with warm water and rub it with paraffin oil;
  • Modern antiparasitic ointment.

Mokrets

Often, when kept on wet bedding and in damp rooms, there is a disease such as mokrets. This is a kind of cracks, and then ulcers that occur in animals on the legs in the area under the brush of the gang joint. If necessary measures are not taken in time, the skin lesion spreads to other areas. Moreover, microbes and parasites fall into the sores, causing infection and infection.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The horse tries to raise its legs all the time, bending the bridge joint;
  • Wounds and ulcers form under the brushes;
  • Dalmace or pus.
  • The affected area of ​​skin should be soaked in warm water with an antiseptic and wiped well;
  • Skin treated with streptotsidom;
  • If there are scabs, they must be lubricated with warm butter or vegetable oil;
  • Strict hygiene stables and stall.

Eczema

When kept in a dirty stable on the skin of a horse, a rash and irritation can occur - eczema. This disease is non-contagious, but it is desirable to separate the sick animal from the rest in order to carry out the treatment.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The horse twitches the skin in those areas where it can not get to scratch;
  • The skin is wrinkled, covered with a crust, small rash;
  • The animal eats badly, loses weight.
  • The horse must be heated under an infrared lamp, placed in a dry warm room with a clean bedding;
  • The skin of the affected areas is smeared with special ointments and agents prescribed by a veterinarian. Since the stages of eczema are different, and individual treatment is required.

Chorioptosis

This disease is associated with damage to the skin of horses with a certain type of ticks. Most often, they parasitize on the hind legs of the animal, delivering great concern to the animal. Ticks are spread through care items and are also activated in raw stables. Treatment is required immediately, as the parasites spread rapidly.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Dermatitis, rashes in the region of the fetus, on the lower legs and on the thighs;
  • Itching, so the horses wave and knock their hind legs, as if waving away;
  • The skin in the areas is peeling off, the ichor can stand out, hair falls out.
  • The skin of the feet is cleaned of dirt, washed with warm water, remove the crust;
  • In case of strong hardening, you can rub your feet with a detergent (soap or shampoo) and leave for a few minutes;
  • The entire surface of the skin is treated with an agent prescribed by a veterinarian (tar liniment, creosote, Peruvian balsam);
  • Processing stables and stall.

Parafilaria

This disease is associated with activity in the subcutaneous tissue of horse helminths. Often the people have this ailment as a "section" of the horse. Often this manifests itself in March-April and reaches its peak in June.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Seals on the skin in the back, neck, shoulders, sides;
  • Bleeding wounds as well as scabs.
  • De-worming the horse;
  • Treatment of wounds and seals with special healing agents.

Abnormalities in the legs and joints

Such diseases of horses can also very often occur in animals under normal living conditions. Such ailments require immediate treatment, since during exacerbation the animal may lose the ability to walk. Also in this group can be attributed hoof disease in horses.

Rheumatic hoof inflammation

Either one foot or all four legs can expose this disease. It may occur due to non-compliance with the diet and keeping of the animal or due to frequent injuries to the hoof. For example, pricking, namina and bruises can lead to inflammation.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Increased body temperature;
  • A horse can hardly stand on its feet, constantly bending them down or laying down on the ground;
  • The swelling joints swell, the bone swells near the hoof.
  • From the hoof to the metacarpal bone, the feet of the animal should be coated with wet clay and constantly wetted so that it does not dry out;
  • To rub the whole body with turpentine solution with straw bundles;
  • Reducing the dose of feed and water;
  • Walking on the morning dew.

Nakoly and Namin hoofs

Horses can often step on sharp objects or strongly hover on a hard surface. As a result, the animals begin to take care of the sick leg, limp. Without proper care, the joints may swell up and inflammation begins.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The horse is lame, holds his leg;
  • Inflamed putovoy joint.
  • The hoof must be cleared with a hook, if necessary, washed;
  • Remove items that could get stuck in the sole;
  • Wash and treat the injection site or treat with tar, iodine, apply a bandage;
  • When namine on the hoof and the joint, put a cooling compress on top.

Tendon strain

As a result of overwork, galloping, or jumping, horses that are unprotected by special bandages can be stretched by a tendon. Most often it occurs behind the metacarpal or metatarsal bone.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The tendon thickens, the tendon sheath swells and becomes warm;
  • Pain when walking and pressing.
  • Fixing the legs in a static position;
  • Long rest of a horse;
  • Strong bandaging and tendon cooling.

Hoof arrow rotting

This disease is infectious, with the result that a lot of black moist substance is formed - the hoof literally rots. This is most often caused by improper maintenance of the animal, dirty stalls, improperly picked horseshoes, improper trimming of the hoof, or insertion of dirt and infection into the wound.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The horn of the hoof turns black, it becomes soft, with pressure it leaves an imprint or a puncture;
  • The pain, the horse flexes his back to reduce the weight on the sore hoof.
  • Thorough clearing of the hoof, removal of dead tissue arrows;
  • The arrow should be washed with iodine solution and also treated with an antiseptic.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

These diseases of horses are associated with improper feeding, giving poor-quality food, failure to comply with the regime.

Colic

Colic is the most common disease of horses, which occurs as a result of non-compliance with the rules of feeding. As a result of this disease without providing proper assistance, the animal dies. Colic is caused by fermentation of food in the intestines, for example, it can cause green clover or too young oats. Gases stretch the walls of the stomach, cause a sharp pain and can even break the walls. Also, colic and intestinal volvulus may occur due to cold water after exercise and work.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The horse shows anxiety, looks at the stomach, bends his back, flexes his legs, sulks;
  • The pain, the animal can become covered with "soap", breathing heavily.
  • It is necessary to immediately release the intestines and the rectum from waste, to establish an enema, to make a side massage;
  • A special tube can be used for gastric lavage.

Worms

Horses are mainly exposed to three types of parasites: round worms, filamentous and sharp. They all enter the body of an animal through grass on pasture, as well as poor-quality food.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • The animal becomes apathetic, lethargic, loses weight;
  • Wool becomes coarse and loses shine;
  • Jumping appetite, diarrhea or constipation, mucous discharge with feces.
  • Timely treatment of horse anthelmintic drugs.

Respiratory diseases

Due to a cold or poor horse care, respiratory problems associated with breathing problems may occur. Their treatment is also very important, as the animal can die even from the usual cough. Such diseases of horses are accompanied by glanders, nasal discharge, coughing and wheezing.

Fuse or shortness of breath

It is a chronic disease that occurs when the alveoli of the lungs are partially destroyed and their connective tissue germinates. The illness can occur as a result of an untreated infection or when often in a dusty, stale room.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Dry deep cough;
  • Rapid breathing.
  • Only a comprehensive approach to keeping the animal - fresh air, a special diet, observation by a veterinarian, good physical training can help overcome this ailment.

Myt

It is a contagious infectious disease of the throat, which most often occurs at a young age. The reason for this may be poor feeding, poorly ventilated stables, lack of movement in air. This disease is quite complicated and proper treatment is often carried out for a long time until complete recovery.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Loss of appetite, fever;
  • Abscess in the mouth and purulent discharge from the nose;
  • Lymph nodes increase, the horse is in pain;
  • Cough and weakness.
  • Horses are difficult to move their heads, so you need to fix it as much as possible and give food and water at the required height;
  • Exclude from the diet oats, dry and warm in the stable;
  • Envelopment of the submaxillary glands with a special case, warming compresses

Equine Flu - Influence

This is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract - the trachea, pharynx, nose, which requires treatment under the supervision of a veterinarian. This is due to the fact that the disease often causes complications. Many sports horses every year spend a special vaccination against influenza.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Dry cough, discharge from nose and eyes;
  • Temperature increase to 41 degrees;
  • Lethargy, depression of the horse, poor appetite;
  • Inflammation of the mucous membranes, swelling of the jaws.
  • Antibiotic therapy to prevent the onset of pneumonia;
  • Rest and rest;
  • Enhanced prevention of inflammation.

anthrax

This is one of the most dangerous diseases of horses, which in 70-80% is fatal. The illness is heavy and fast flowing, which is caused by a special type of rod-shaped fungus. It can be dangerous for humans. One of the most important precautionary methods is the rules of hygiene, individual harness and bridle, vaccinations. Death can occur within the first 24 hours after infection.

Symptoms

Treatment

  • Rapid pulse up to 120 beats or vice versa weak pulse and chills, rapid breathing;
  • Dry mucous membranes, plaque on the tongue, inflammation;
  • Apathy, depression of the horse, loss of appetite, colic;
  • Cramps;
  • Small tumors on the horse's body.
  • Creolin 2 times a day with licorice juice;
  • Drenching the horse every hour with cold water or washing;
  • Warm compresses on the stomach and enemas.

Important! It should also immediately report the outbreak of anthrax to the nearest veterinary station. Self-treatment of animals and self-disposal of corpses is strictly prohibited.

Video "Vets share experience"

In this video from the news story you can see what kind of modern technology is used to detect diseases of horses, how to conduct surveys. What veterinarians face most often at stables, experts will also tell.

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