If we talk about this breed of horses, then we must first say that they are real Russian warriors. These horses have all the qualities of the Russian people. They are hardy, strong and could withstand very large loads. Unfortunately, batyug is a breed of horses that has ceased to exist today. However, the former glory of these horses lives today.
As you already understood, batyug is an old Russian breed of heavy horses. For many years they helped our people to carry out various rural works and they rejoiced with their wonderful temper. These horses are extremely calm, kind, docile. They are hardworking and trouble-free. In addition to work on the field, they were used as a top vehicle. There is an assumption that Russian bogatyrs rode on such horses.
The beginning of this breed gave the need in Russia for very hardy and strong horses. The basis for getting bityugs became local horses that lived in the steppes. After the development of the horse breeding industry, they began to cross with other draft carriers, gradually forming the look of a real Russian horse-hero. It is believed that they were bred in the 18th century in the Voronezh province in the valley of the river Bityug. From this breed later received its official name.
Today, many hippologies say that the form of these powerful horses was finally formed during the time of Peter the Great, when he crossed the Dutch and Danish stallions with the heavy mares already popular at that time. Even later, the blood of the Orlov trotters was added to the batyugs. However, in the second half of the 19th century, these large horses began to disappear. This is due to a decrease in food supply, as well as a strong dilution of blood. For some time the breed existed at the Khrenovsky stud farm, and then disappeared altogether.
There is an assumption that on the basis of the bityugs a new Russian breed of horses was created - the Voronezh draft team. When the number of draft ships dropped sharply, the trotters' blood was added to the remaining specimens. So there is a chance that the blood of heroes flows in modern horses.
Although the breed has disappeared, today there are still many facts about how the bastyugs looked like. These were very large, well-built horses. The height at the withers of stallions reached 170 centimeters. Later, after crossing with other breeds, the growth became a little smaller - on average 155-165 cm. The body is strong and long, the neck is well developed, the chest is wide and a little long croup. This is clearly seen in the photo.
The back of the bityugs is straight, wide with a well-developed loin. Legs are strong, though dry, straight with thick flat hooves. Brushes were very well developed, as well as a long mane and a wavy tail. If you want to know most precisely what these horses looked like, look at Vasnetsov’s picture “Three Heroes”. The central horse most closely matches the description of the bityugs.
The suit of these horses was predominantly bay and gray. But there were also redheads and even, as descriptions exist, piebald.