The Yakut cow is a unique aboriginal animal. Her endurance and productivity are simply amazing. In addition, it has a beautiful appearance. Interested? Then everything in detail about this breed read further in the article!
Origin and historical data
There was a Yakut breed of cattle from zebu - Hindu hunchbacked cattle. This is its main difference from European cows, who take their roots from the tour. The first records of the cow date back to 1929. Then it was decided to increase the productivity of this animal. To this end, representatives of the Simmental and Kholmogory breeds began to be massively imported.
You might think that purebred individuals in our time does not exist, but it is not. Today, the Yakut cow is preserved in its wild form in Eveno-Bytantaysky ulus, in several peasant farms and in Novosibirsk in the nursery of the Research Institute of Agriculture. Also descriptions of these unusual animals are found in the records of travelers. So, the Polish researcher and ethnographer V. L. Seroshevsky, described the Yakut hairy cows in his book "Yakuts". The book was published in 1896.
The first thing that immediately catches your eye is the short stature of the Yakut cow. They have a dense body, and the front part of the body is quite massive. Burenka's legs are not long, but rather strong. The head is small with a straight profile. The horns are not long, pointing up and slightly curved inward. The neck is short and massive.
The skin is thick and covered with thick hair. The wool of cows from Yakutia is about three times longer than that of other breeds of cows. Also, the thickness of the coat for them for the winter increases about 6 times. This unique feature helps them to endure well even frost at minus 60 degrees Celsius, with street content.
Unique features of livestock
The unique features of the breed can be attributed to their unpretentious content. So, in the summer the cows feel great on grazing and do not need additional bait. In winter, only hay is needed for feeding them, about 2 tons per head. Thanks to the subcutaneous fat increased over the summer, they easily hibernate on the scantiest fodder. You can keep them both in summer and in winter in unheated barns or even outside.
Thanks to all the same subcutaneous fat, thick and long hair burenka feels great in the yard, even at a temperature of minus 40-50 degrees Celsius. They can even drink water from the hole in the most severe frost. Interestingly, due to its high adaptability, the cows developed a natural immunity to a variety of dangerous diseases of cattle. Among these diseases are such as: leukemia, brucellosis and tuberculosis.
The Yakut breed of cows is meat and dairy. The weight of an adult bull ranges from 400-500 kg, and the female - about 300 kg. The meat yield at the slaughter is about 60%. Meat is considered marble because of the uniform small interlayers of intermuscular fat. Yakut milk is about three times less than other cows.
So, a day you can get from 5 to 7 liters of milk, while in other cows milk yield becomes 15-20 liters per day. But the milk of these animals is very fatty and much more nutritious. On average, its fat content becomes 6%, and in some individuals it can even reach 9-11%. Milk produces excellent tender cheeses, oils, sour cream and cream.
Feed consumption per 1 kg of milk in yakutok is also significantly less. So, for 1 kg of milk, they consume 0.8 feed units. And if we talk about the growth of young, then here these cows win. For 1 kg of weight gain they need only 7 feed units. In Yakutia itself, this breed is considered very productive and waste-free.
We can argue, if you see a live representative of the Yakut breed of cows, then you will definitely want to get such a cattle. And having learned about its unpretentiousness to feeding and maintenance, and in addition, and natural immunity to a variety of diseases, such a Burenka will become a valuable addition to your yard. Many other farmers also think, but only some of them managed to acquire this miracle of nature. The fact is that cows are very hard to bring from Yakutia.
And in those farms where they have already been delivered and are used to improve the qualities of other breeds, for purebred specimens they will request a very good amount. Thus, the cost of some individuals may exceed 10 thousand dollars. Agree, the amount is quite noticeable. But according to the breeders, the Yakut Burenka is worth it, and this already speaks volumes in her favor. Then the breeders note the calm disposition and high mobility of the animal. It is also said that with improved diets and conditions of detention it is possible to easily increase the productivity of this livestock.
To summarize, the advantages of the Yakut breed of cows, with a large surplus of its drawbacks. Everyone who tried to acquire such cows remained enthusiastic about the acquisition and recommends that others be sure to pay attention to this extraordinary breed of cattle.