Akhal-Teke horse breed is considered the oldest cultural breed. It is also almost the only breed that has been preserved until now in purebred form. The horse was so adored that a whole horse cult was created in its honor. What makes it so remarkable and what is so special about it read further in the article.
History of origin
The Akhal-Teke horse is rooted in the remote depths of centuries. This breed has about 5 thousand years. In those days, the inhabitants of Central Asia attempted to bring out the most beautiful and powerful horse. As we can judge now, they succeeded quite well. The horses received the first half of their name in honor of the Akhal oasis near Kopet-Dag. The second half was in honor of the tribe that lived there and called themselves Tekians.
Since those times, it happened that the most beautiful and proud horses were more precious than gold. Therefore, if a noble man was given a horse, it was believed that he was highly respected, and the Akhal-Teke people among such gifts were the most desirable and valuable. Thus, according to scientists, all the horses of ancient Bactria were pure-blood Akhal-Teke and it was only because of them that the emperor of Persia married the daughter of the Medes king. Then the famous Bucephalus, the horse of Alexander of Macedon, was one of the founders of this breed.
It was also not uncommon to meet these beauties in the stables of the emperors of the great Roman Empire. Then, in his campaigns, the horses of the Akhal-Teke breed were used by Genghis Khan and Darius the Great, who was the king of Persia. But after the sea route to India was discovered, the breed began to be forgotten. This situation has developed due to the subsequent decline in the importance of the Silk Road, on which the racehorse’s homeland, Turkmenistan, was located. And a little later, the breed often began to be confused with Arab horses.
But in Turkmenistan, horses were not forgotten, but on the contrary they were idolized there. There, the owner sometimes paid more attention to the Akhal-Teke horse than to a member of his family. Harsh living conditions served as a good quenching for horses and predetermined their current appearance. So because of the constant heat they have become more dry and fit. About these amazing racers have long been known in Russia.
Here they were called "argamaks" and attributed to the eastern racers. Today, thanks to these horses, Don and Russian horse breeds were bred. And domestic hippologies assert that Akhal-teke is the world gold fund of all riding horses.
The Akhal-Teke horse is of medium size. The height at the withers is between 147 cm and 163 cm. It has a tender constitution. Also, she does not have excess muscle mass and not a single gram of excess fat, so at first glance she has a very dry build. The head of a horse is medium in size and quite proportionate. Profile a bit bent.
The ears are slightly larger than average and thin. The eyes are large almond-shaped. The neck is set high, rather long and flexible. The withers are relatively long and high. The chest is deep, but not wide. The body is also relatively long, and the croup looks quite powerful and with well developed muscles.
The limbs are dry, thin and long, but fairly durable. The skin of Akhal-Teke is thin and through it blood vessels are clearly visible. The coat is not thick, silky, thin and rather short. The tail and mane are rare, and in some individuals the mane is completely absent. Akhal-Teke horses are always easily recognizable by the characteristic luster of the wool.
If we talk about color, the most common are golden-nightingale, golden-bay, golden-red, dun, and black suit. Occasionally you can find the so-called isabella suit. Small white markings are also allowed on the legs and head of the animal.
- The Akhal-Teke horse is very enduring, it drinks little and is able to cover a distance of 250 km in one day.
- Peter the Great during the Battle of Poltava fought on a mare of this breed.
- The famous Marshal Zhukov took the parade of victory on the Akhal-Teke horse.
- Nikita Khrushchev was presented with the Akhal-Teke horse to the Queen of England.
- Saparmurat Niyazov, who was the president of Turkmenistan, believed that Akhalteke man was the best gift for any influential person. So he presented the horses of this breed to D. Major, F. Mitterrand, B. Yeltsin and V. Putin.