Goats are one of the most ancient animals cultivated by humans. They accompany us throughout the history of mankind, give healthy tasty milk, play an integral role in our culture and traditions. However, as practice shows, few people know interesting facts about the goat. For example, they do not even realize that these are very intelligent animals with an excellent memory and a fairly developed brain. Let's find out the most interesting things about them together.
People who have never closely interacted with goats are surprised at the sight of their eyes. In these animals, the pupils are not familiar to us round, but rectangular in the form of a horizontal slit. This unusual shape allows animals to have a horizon of 340 degrees, without turning their heads. Since goats are herbivores, they need to defend themselves against predators by running away. It is this outlook that allows you to see the danger in advance.
But there is another feature - during the day the pupils are very narrow, but in the evening and at night they expand. Thus, the eyes of the animal protect themselves from sunlight. At night, this form of the pupil is very convenient for orientation in the dark. Striped narrow pupils are ideal for flat planes and wide pastures. Therefore, no predators are afraid of goats here.
Gourmet and spice lovers
Goats are real gourmet. They love sweet and spicy foods. In addition, they are very sensitive to their favorite smells. If you hold an apple in your hands, for example, and then come to an animal, it will certainly begin to look in your pockets and ask for a snack. One of the favorite smells for goats is the tobacco flavor, so they do not mind eating your cigarette.
But just as well these animals feel bad smells well. For example, they hear the putrid or moldy odor from a few meters away. Goats will never eat a spoiled product. And some representatives won't even take that piece in their mouths that fell to the ground or was bitten by someone else. That is why they are considered very clean and clean animals.
Another interesting fact in favor of the intelligence and intelligence of these animals. The fact is that goats are very well trained. They can often be seen in the circus. In particular, they perfectly remember actions, commands, distinguish intonation, words, colors and even individual sounds. Domestic goats use ingenuity to get the desired food or get rid of the leash.
All five sense organs are very well developed in goats. But if in the wild they have the most acutely developed vision and smell, then in the household - language. These animals can literally be true tasters. Not only that they have a strong sense of smell, but also taste. For example, a person has 9,000 taste buds and dots, and a goat has 15,000.
We all know the phrase “scapegoat”, but many of us don’t know where it came from or why. As it turns out, this phrase has Jewish roots. In Jewish culture there was a special ceremony of absolution. For this, on a special day, the high priest laid on the head of the chosen animal hand, thereby transferring the sins of the people. After the ceremony, the animal was taken to the Judean desert and set free.
Many people have heard about the benefits of goat milk, but few know that it, firstly, removes radionuclides from the body, and secondly, reduces the risk of developing tuberculosis. Scientists have shown that in people who drink 5 liters of goat per year, the chance of developing the disease is reduced to almost 0. Moreover, the goats themselves never suffer from tuberculosis. And since there is a lot of immunoglobulin in the product, they even treat allergies.
In 1906, an official statement was made at the World Congress of Pediatricians and Midwives in Paris - goat milk is the best substitute for human milk. That is why it is perfect for feeding babies. Moreover, in zoos around the world they keep special dairy goats in case a newborn animal is left without a mother and its milk. As shown by research scientists, goat milk is 5 times better and faster absorbed by the body than, for example, cow's milk.
Goats in culture
In the culture of many countries of the world goats occupy a special place of honor. For example, in the myths of ancient Greece, it is said that an animal named Amalthea fed Zeus with its milk. This interesting fact is known to many. Also in many cultures, the goat is a symbol of fertility and is associated with the deity personifying this quality. For example, Indian Pushan, Slavic Perun, Greek Pan, Scandinavian Thor and others.
Often the chariots of these gods are depicted harnessed with goats. And also the special place to this animal is taken away in Christian culture. For example, in the Bible it occurs 200 times.
In vain, many people think that getting a goat is a fairly simple thing. Some animals are very expensive and they can buy the real rich. For example, in 1995, the most expensive pedigree Zaanen breed goat was sold in the United States. Its price was 5300 dollars. But the purebred kids today can cost from 200 to 1000 dollars.
Retired goat drummer
Another interesting expression whose meaning is not widely known. As it turns out, it was with this phrase that people who were parasites were called names, that is, without a definite occupation. And this expression is associated with a certain troupe of poor roving artists. There were three of them: one drove the learned bear, the second wore a goat costume, and the third beat the drum, calling for the public to present. The very phrase “retired drummer with a goat” means the loss of even this very primitive occupation.
As it turns out, the goats also know how to faint and they also do this from strong fear or over-excitement. Such a feature is inherent in certain miotic animals. When frightened or some kind of strong emotional outburst, their leg muscles are paralyzed and the animals literally fall to the ground. For more information about such an unusual feature, read our article "Goats fainting: truth or myth?". And some more interesting facts about goats, see the video.