How to increase honey collecting apiary? This issue is of concern to many beginning beekeepers, especially in regions with a short summer. Today there is one answer to this question, proven by practice - the increase in strong bee colonies. In modern households, this can be achieved using two-content bees. Let's find out more about him right now, in which the video will also help us.
What is the feature of dvuhtomatny content?
Such a concept for many is not new. It has been known since the last century and its implementation has gone in two directions. One direction cannot be called true two-content content, but only its imitation in multicase hives. This method is often called after Gand or Farrar, when spring cuttings are formed in multicase hives above the main families. They unite in one big family only for the period of the main bribe.
And the second direction, or true two-point beekeeping, is based on the Wels method.
The basis of this method is a very important biological feature of bees, but rather the ability of different families to work actively and peacefully in one large family. In many sources it is indicated that this allows both the yield of honey crops and the very productivity of the apiary to be increased. It should be noted here that with two-content maintenance there is no family of the main and auxiliary ones. Therefore, they are equivalent in nature and do not unite in the single-base state on the main bribe.
Basics of the basics
The two-legged content of bees consists in the organization of families when insects, regardless of the season, have access to the brood nest of one uterus, regardless of the season. This is done through two separating grids.
In this case, the transition is carried out through the common parts of the hive — these are bodies or extensions that unite the brood nests of two queens into one family. This was easily explained in due time by the beekeeper Wels. In 1890, he observed the development and performance of nucleus bee colonies, which overwinter in a single hive through a partition. In spite of the fact that he took away the frames with printed brood from them several times, the hive was again filled with brood. Then Wels tried to cover the hive with a lattice and set up a general store.
As a result, a hive with two paired nuclei gave honey two times more than the other with one uterus. A year later, all the families of Wels wintered paired. At the same time in the spring they were in better condition than ever before, and very quickly came to effect. How modern beekeepers form their layouts can be seen in the video.
Advantages and disadvantages
It should be said that today many beekeepers in their country do not introduce the system of two-matte content itself, but its imitation when combining two bee families before the honey collection. This is easily explained by many factors. First, such families have many bee collectors, and second, it is easy to carry out in ordinary multi-hives.
The method described by A.P. Ozerov, not everyone is suitable, as there remains an aggressive relationship between families. With a bribe, it only slightly fades into the background. Such tensions in families sometimes have a bad effect on the honey collection, which is proved in practice by many beekeepers. Ozerov also proposes the use of a special two-hive hive, which has for many a cumbersome structure and difficulty in maintaining.
However, this method still has its advantages:
- Twin wintering saves food and vitality of bees;
- Maintaining the necessary thermal conditions in the spring and growing more brood at lower cost.
- A strong family that is less exposed to disease, have a lot of activity.
- High egg laying uterus.
Disadvantages of the method:
- A more bulky hive, which is difficult to maintain, is required.
- The brocade bodies have a small volume, which has a bad effect on ventilation.
- Swarming often occurs as control of bee colonies deteriorates.
- Only one in which there is a free migration of bees to both queens can be considered a single two-family family. And this requires a hive of the desired design.
- There should be an adjustable degree of mutual contact between the queens.
How to keep bees in different types of evidence?
In multicase hives
In multicase hives often beekeepers practice building up powerful families with the help of two-matched grades in the form of cuttings. In this case, in the first decade of May, the conclusion of queens is formed. In the second half of the month, families are already reaching the size of two or three buildings, so the layers are organized in the upper case. There is a barren uterus and mother liquor. At the very end of the month, the uterus begins egg-laying.
Now begins the intensive build-up of families with the help of two queens. When the clover begins to bloom, with layering from 6 to 8 frames, a metal grid is put for 1-2 days. Then the layers are filled with honeycomb until the whole body is filled, then turn over and put up the dividing grid and the next body. Now the old uterus needs to be removed and an additional layer is made on it.
As practice shows, such families do not swarm and have many working bees. In the upper buildings comes brood that replenish the detachment of collectors. Also free space for collecting honey. It turns out more productive outing families. How it looks in practice can be seen on video.
In two-hull houses
This method can also be performed in double-hives, for example, on 12 frames, which are equipped with two store extensions. In a warm nest, as one beekeeper says, his womb lays eggs well and the family grows quickly. After the onset of flowering, willow trees are extended with a wrinkle. By the beginning of May, under such conditions, there are about 8 frames of brood. If there the bees lay the mother liquor, then such a body is removed and placed side by side.
An empty case with a half frame and with a queen cell is put on the free space. Then this case is closed with a deaf partition and a case with a womb and a notch in the other direction is placed on it. After 4-5 days, queen cells are removed from the lower hull and the upper hull is placed on the lower one with tap-marks in one direction. Now begins the work of two queens, which are held until the beginning of the main honey collection.
In the double hull evidence a blank wall is removed, the bees are combined. If the uterus clashes, it is likely that the young will win and a change will occur.
In the hive beds
Two-bee beekeeping can be carried out in multi-body, two-body beehives, and in sun beds. Moreover, for many this method is more convenient and acceptable. For example, they are most often used on 16 frames with partitioning. Each branch has its own family with its brood and uterus. In this state, the bees spend the winter in the sunbeds and develop in the spring.
In the summer, a common store and a housing with a dividing grid are placed on a sun bed. In this part of the bee two families communicate. When filling in the first store extensions put others. This allows you to collect large yields of honey. In more detail about the moments of such beekeeping look at video.