The maintenance and breeding of rabbits in large and small farms is becoming popular among Russian livestock breeders. But rabbit breeding has both significant advantages and serious disadvantages. The article will talk about where to start economic activity, and what breeds are better suited for farmers. Additionally, we consider the key aspects that the breeder will face in practice.
Prospects for rabbit breeding
Most farmers decide to engage in rabbit breeding because of the high nutritional value of rabbit meat. Another factor is the lack of a diet product on the Russian market. Moreover, the demand for rabbit as far as supply exceeds. And foreign livestock breeders successfully sell products to our compatriots.
Breeding rabbits will be the beginning of an effective business, but you need to take a responsible approach to the realization of the idea. First of all, the novice farmer must calculate the risks of the chosen type of activity:
- low labor productivity;
- sharp temperature drops in some parts of the country;
- viral and bacterial infections in animals.
When planning the breeding of rabbits, pay attention to these factors to avoid fatal mistakes.
Rabbit Farm is a promising and profitable business. Each eared fish for the year brings 50 times more meat than its own weight. And by choosing meat-skin breeds of rabbits, you will make a household and completely waste-free.
Next, let's talk on the topic: everything about rabbits from birth to slaughter.
Advantages and disadvantages
Breeding and keeping rabbits in farm conditions has advantages and disadvantages based on the biological characteristics of these animals.
Let's start with the advantages of growing rabbits:
- high payback speed;
- the resulting products are useful and in demand among potential consumers;
- versatility of business.
The advantage of keeping eared animals is in the ripening of animals. The body weight of the newborn rabbit is 60-80 g, and after a month it increases 8-10 times. In 4-6 months, the animals become ripe and ready to continue the race.
The slaughter of young rabbits is carried out at the age of 3-4 months. Just at this period, the phase of active growth ends, and the deposition of fat begins, which reduces the quality of rabbit meat. Read more about the intricacies of slaughter in the article "Slaughtering a rabbit: how and when."
It's time to consider what disadvantages rabbits breeding has.
Care is complicated by the cleanliness of animals - the cells are cleaned often and thoroughly. Although, it is rather a feature that will be encountered when breeding rabbits than a significant minus.
For breeding rabbits you need to ensure the comfort of animals. First of all, we are talking about the absence of stress factors - other animals, abrupt noises and the like.
Care and maintenance of rabbits require regular attention from the breeder. You need to take care of the constant availability of clean drinking water, and the external state of the animals.
The susceptibility to a variety of infections is also a feature of breeding eared animals. Therefore, it is important to do all the necessary vaccinations, according to the vaccination schedule.
Then we will take a closer look at how to care for rabbits in a farm setting.
To start breeding rabbits should be to obtain general concepts about this business. Theoretical knowledge of how to keep rabbits, what to feed them and how to care for them will be useful and will help to quickly increase the number of livestock.
Starting a business is to choose a specific direction. What breed of rabbits to choose for a farm depends on the goals - valuable meat, fluff, skins or the whole complex.
The advantage of the industry is the high fertility of animals. Therefore, the initial cost of business development is minimal. For example, 4 pedigree breeding rabbits in one year increase the number of herds by an average of 120 heads.
How to breed rabbits, each breeder decides for himself. With a sparing scheme that does not deplete the female's body, she gives offspring 3-4 times a year. The interval between spamming is 2.5 months.
There is a more aggressive pattern, when the breeding rabbit is allowed to go to the nursing rabbit, and the next progeny are obtained immediately after the previous one has been deposited. The disadvantage of the method - the change of breeding individuals is carried out at least once a year.
Summarizing - breeding rabbits, this is an activity that brings quick results. The main thing is to provide animals with good conditions.
How to start breeding eared animals from scratch, you can read more in the article "About breeding rabbits at home for beginners."
Farm conditions and rabbits, as well as a breed of animals, affect farm profitability. The choice of rabbit breeds is varied. You can and should take advantage of the experience of rabbit breeders living in your area. They will be able to reasonably talk about the advantages and disadvantages of each line from the point of view of growing in certain climatic conditions.
Other characteristics that must be considered when choosing which rabbits are best to breed on the farm:
- meat quality;
- growth rates;
- dietary requirements.
For example, meat hybrids have a high growth rate and an impressive meat yield, but there are difficulties with reproduction. Purebred offspring can be obtained under the condition of artificial insemination. In addition, care for the rabbit hybrid breed involves the inclusion in the diet of special concentrated high-quality feed.
Hybrid lines are extremely disadvantageous for home breeding, and for farms are considered one of the most cost-effective options.
Before you start breeding hybrids, you will have to seriously invest in the arrangement of special premises and the purchase of breeding individuals, but the costs will quickly pay off.
Meat eared breeds, popular among domestic livestock breeders, are gray and white giant, New Zealand line. Among the breeds of meat and animal directions select the following - flandr, butterfly, Russian chinchilla, Poltava silver.
Further in the article we will discuss breeding, raising and feeding rabbits. Share and the secrets of choosing healthy breeding individuals.
Signs of a healthy animal
To get started, study the characteristic external signs of eared. They must exactly meet the breed standard.
Choosing individuals for breeding animals on the farm, pay attention to their appearance:
- body proportional, strong;
- fur - clean, uniform, shiny;
- the ears are clean, of the same size, without kinks, the inner surface is pink in color;
- the genitals and the area near the anus are clean, with no trace of diarrhea or flushing;
- nose and eyes - without mucus and pus.
If animals are bred for the purpose of sale of breeding individuals, then each of them has its own passport, in which all characteristics, as well as information about vaccinations are accurately indicated. Cooperating with professionals, you will receive detailed instructions on how to maintain and properly breed fluffy pets.
But it is not always possible to choose a pedigree herd from a professional nursery, so it is important to select the key selection criteria.
It is not recommended to buy a representative of the breed with a small rabbit, the optimal age is 3-4 months.
In the subsequent sections of the article we will talk about how to properly care for rabbits.
Quick breeding stock
Beginner breeder should learn the following rule - mating is carried out on the territory of the male. If a separate cell is used for these purposes, the rabbit is first launched, and after a while the rabbit is launched. Otherwise, the female will protect the territory and may not let the crawl.
Rabbits are selective, and if you do not like the "groom", he will be rejected. In an open-air cage on the street mating is not carried out. Extraneous noises and smells will distract animals.
The common mating and feeding pattern, which makes it possible to quickly breed a herd, implies 4 offspring per year from one female. The break between matings is 2.5-3 months. While the second brood grows up near the rabbit, the first one goes for slaughter.
The main condition of the scheme is a complete care for the rabbit and a balanced diet. If the body weakens, the female will not produce strong offspring. As in the case, if the rabbit and the rabbit are blood relatives.
For breeding eared Pytimtsev need special cells with queen cells and enclosures for young. At the age of 2 months, the baby rabbits are transplanted from the mother into a separate cage of a suitable size. At the age of 3 months, youngsters are seated by gender. Females can contain all together, males - only one at a time. The exception is castrated males that get along well in the same area.
Crossbreeding of representatives of different breed rulers is allowed. But the beginning rabbit breeder, due to lack of experience, will not be able to correctly predict what the result of selection will be. Spontaneous crossing is not always successful. If the breed is really beneficial for cultivation, it is better to abandon experiments in the initial stages of activity and devote more time to keeping and caring for animals.
More about content
There are several ways to keep rabbits in farm conditions. The most popular are shedding, captive and cellular systems. Although, at the moment aviaries are used less and less. This is explained by the fact that with this method it is more difficult to control the process of mating, which negatively affects the quality of the rock as a whole. Although the care of rabbits, when choosing this method is greatly simplified.
The cells are usually made of wood and metal nets. In regions where the air temperature in winter rarely drops below -20 degrees, year-round rabbit maintenance is practiced outside.
The shedding system is ideal for large livestock farms. The mechanization of the feeding and watering of rabbits allows only one worker to serve about 120 rabbits, including their offspring, the number of which exceeds 1000 heads. Naturally, grown-up baby rabbits, which were deposited in separate cells, will require additional time.
You can get acquainted with the features of breeding rabbits according to the shed system in the article "Content of rabbits in sheds".
Unpretentious rabbits, care for which can not be called difficult or problematic, however, requires the attention of the owner. First of all, they need constant monitoring of their health. Inspection of each individual is recommended once every 3-4 days. Wounds on the body, scabs in the ears, discharge from the nose and eyes, diarrhea - these are all signs of the disease. Their appearance indicates the need to isolate the animal from the rest of the herd.
Speaking about how to grow rabbits, do not bypass the topic of vaccination of livestock. All animals are necessarily vaccinated against viral hemorrhagic disease, myxomatosis and pasteurellosis. Not be superfluous and the introduction of a vaccine against rabies. Especially, if it is possible contact with mice and rats that are carriers of this disease.
The health of rabbits depends largely on the purity of the cages. The litter is changed daily, with the same frequency cleaning feeders and drinkers. Additionally, regular cell disinfection is required. If the animals are kept indoors, then once in 3 months it is necessary to disinfect it.
When keeping rabbits, we must not forget that they are sensitive to the temperature of the ambient air. They feel most comfortable when the arrow of a mercury column is in the range of 18-22 degrees. If it is not possible to provide the rabbits with a stable temperature, it is important to protect them from direct sunlight and drafts.
How and what to feed
Rabbits are very demanding on the contents of their feeders. If the feed is poor quality, stale or dirty, the animals may refuse to eat it.
Although eared animals are herbivores, a large amount of fresh greens in their diet can cause problems with the digestive system. It is better to pre-dry the grass in the sun, and only then use it as feed.
For grinding teeth and as a vitamin supplement, animals should be given sprigs of trees - willow, birch, elm, oak.
An important component of the diet are juicy food, which include vegetables and fruits. Rabbits with great pleasure eat carrots, beets, potatoes, zucchini, pumpkin, peas.
It is absolutely impossible to replace hay with straw in winter. Hay is rich in fiber. Which is necessary to ensure the normal digestive process. While straw gives just fills the stomach, which leads to slower metabolic processes. Then the animals eat less and gain weight poorly. Grain mixes and mineral components should also be present in the daily menu of rabbits.
Read more about nutrition and the percentage of components of the diet, read the article "How you can feed the rabbits."
Then we talk about how to raise rabbits on the street in winter.
As mentioned above, the content of rabbits in the winter outside is allowed. But in the cold period, cells are insulated with foam or other suitable materials. There are certain features of feeding and watering animals during this period. For more information on how to choose rabbits for breeding without a zimovnik, see the article "Is it possible to keep rabbits outside in the winter?"
Like and share this article with your friends on social networks.
Tell us in a comment that you know about eared farms on farms.